War in Syria: Who controls what and what happens?

Since March 2011, fighting in Syria (the War in Syria) has killed an estimated 465,000 people, injured more than one million, and forced about 12 million people – or half the country’s pre-war population – from their homes.

Forces loyal to the Syrian government have retaken major rebel strongholds, as well as large swaths of territory in the country’s south in recent months.

Here’s a look at who controls what in Syria:

war in syria

Who are the key players:
Syrian government
The main cities under government control are: Damascus, Homs, Hama, Aleppo, Latakia, Tartus, Palmyra, Albu Kamal.

Free Syrian Army (FSA)
– The Free Syrian Army is a loose conglomeration of armed brigades formed in 2011 by defectors from the Syrian army and civilians aiming to topple President Bashar al-Assad.
– Since the battle of Aleppo, the FSA has retained control of limited areas in northwestern Syria.
– The main area it controls is: Idlib province.

Kurdish control
The main cities under Kurdish control are: Raqqa, Qamishli, Hasakah.

ISIL control
After the battle for Raqqa, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS) remains in control of an area near Albu Kamal, surrounded by government forces westward and Kurdish forces in the east.

Other groups
Other groups fighting in Syria include Jabhat Fateh al-Sham, Iran-backed Hezbollah and the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) dominated by the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG).

War in Syria news

US military base in Syria came under fire, Lebanon claims

Yesterday, March 23, a U.S. military base in the area of ​​Deir Ez-Zor in Syria was subjected to intense rocket fire, claims the Lebanese television channel Al-Mayadeen. According to the T.V. sources, some American soldiers were injured.

Russia sent 4 Su-34 fighter-bombers to its base in Syria

Russia's Aviapro news agency claims in its report that Moscow has delivered four fighter-bombers to the Kmeimim airbase in Syria. Today, the delivery took place on March 19, 2021, after five Tu-154 military transport planes landed at the…

SOHR: 280 Russian airstrikes in four days in Syria

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) provided statistics on Russian activity in Syria. According to reports, Russia has carried out 280 airstrikes in 96 hours (four days). According to the SOHR, Russian units performed almost half…
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