Russia completes CSTO air defense, it sends S-300s to Tajikistan

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On Wednesday, November 22nd, Russian President Vladimir Putin revealed that two S-300 squadrons had been dispatched to Tajikistan. Additionally, Russia stands prepared to supply a unified air defense system to all countries in the Collective Security Treaty Organization [CSTO]. 

Photo credit: Reddit

Speaking during a meeting with the Council of Ministers, Putin indicated that much work has already been completed in forming a unique air defense system for the CSTO nations. He shared these developments in his report to TASS. 

It’s worth noting that Tajikistan’s President, Emomali Rahmon, was on an official visit to Russia just a day before, on Tuesday. During the visit, both leaders agreed to enhance their countries’ defense collaboration.

S-300 and S-400 in Kyrgyz land

In a recent announcement, covered extensively by BulgarianMilitary.com, Kyrgyzstan’s governing body gave an affirmative nod to a shared venture with Russia. The partnership will primarily focus on the development of advanced air defense systems. The operation, by its collaborative nature, will unfold within a five-hectare segment of Kyrgyzstan’s Russian Kant military base. 

Russian and Kyrgyz news outlets were abuzz with the parliament’s proclamation: “The enactment of an agreement for the creation of a Common Regional Air Defense System between the Russian Federation and the Kyrgyz Republic has been meticulously reviewed and subsequently endorsed.” 

According to information available through RIA Novosti, Russia’s official news agency, the deal includes provisions for a mutual defense system between Russia and Kyrgyzstan. The agreement is designed to last for a well-defined period of five years. 

Notably, as highlighted by Bulgarianmilitary.com, Russia has fostered similar engagements with countries like Kazakhstan, Belarus, and Tajikistan, amongst others. 

Open-source data suggests that Kyrgyzstan’s defense weaponry consists of Soviet-era air defense systems such as the 9K32 Strela-2, 9K35 Strela-10, ZSU-23-4, S-60, S-125 Neva-M1, and S-75M3 Dvina. The nation tends to rely heavily upon these somewhat obsolete systems for securing its airspace, rather than investing in modern air defense technologies. 

While the partnership has been officially confirmed, the exact type of air defense system that Russia intends to install in Kyrgyzstan remains a point of ongoing conjecture. The likely scenario predicted by experts involves the potential stationing of long-range systems like the S-400 or S-300 at the Kant military base. 

Ria Novosti reports that the allocated space—totaling 50,000 square meters—conveniently aligns with the existing parameters of the Kant military base, which presently accommodates the S-125 and S-75 systems. 

Potent signs reveal the Russian Federation’s probable move to position lower-tier air defense systems such as the Tor, Buk, and Panzer in the vicinity alongside the S-400/300 system.

S-300

The S-300 air defense system is a long-range surface-to-air missile system developed by Russia. It is designed to provide protection against a wide range of aerial threats, including aircraft, cruise missiles, and ballistic missiles.

The system consists of a network of radars, command and control centers, and missile launchers, which work together to detect, track, and engage incoming targets.

The technical characteristics of the S-300 system vary depending on the specific variant and configuration. However, some common features include a maximum engagement range of up to 250 kilometers, the ability to engage multiple targets simultaneously, and a high level of mobility, allowing for rapid deployment and repositioning.

The system is capable of launching different types of missiles, such as the long-range 48N6 missile and the shorter-range 9M96 missile, which provide flexibility in engaging different types of threats.

The system’s radars play a crucial role in detecting and tracking targets within this range, providing early warning and enabling effective engagement. The S-300 system’s operational range, combined with its ability to engage multiple targets simultaneously, makes it a formidable air defense system capable of protecting large areas from aerial threats.

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