Russia uses newly produced and without wrapper 122 mm shells

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The Russian military has initiated the use of 122mm artillery of a distinct, bright green hue. Images of these artillery pieces have made their rounds on social networks. An informant on X [formerly Twitter] has suggested that the unusual green color is a cost-saving strategy resulting from the elimination of the typically used casing that prolongs shelf-life. In this instance, it’s clearly redundant. 

The underlying purpose of the casing, as its designation implies, is to ensure the longevity of the artillery shell. Generally, the presumption is that the ammunition will be stored indefinitely. However, the Russian Federation utilizes this as an opportunity for savings, given the ongoing conflict with Ukraine. Here, the pressing demand is for ammunition on the frontlines, rather than sitting in storage facilities. 

Another function of the casing is to simplify the transportation of the projectiles to the artillery. Customarily, certain pieces of artillery come equipped with features such as handles or lifting lugs to streamline transport, along with standardized dimensions to align with artillery systems. 

Photo credit: Twitter

Lastly, the casing that typically enhances shelf-life can bear markings or color signatures signifying the variety of shell and its distinct functionality, assisting with accurate identification and deployment.

Continuing production

Russia is pushing the limits of its military production capacity across all domains, including ground artillery. The use of recently manufactured projectiles suggests two potential scenarios: Russia could either be depleting its artillery resources or the sanctions imposed on the Russian Federation are failing to achieve their intended outcome. 

Photo credit: Konstantin Mihaylchevkiy

After enduring over eighteen months of warfare, it’s somewhat unlikely that Russia is exhausting its reserves. In fact, recent intelligence reports out of Estonia claim that Russia has amassed more than 4 million artillery stockpile. This stands in stark contrast to their assertion that North Korea has only supplied 350,000 artillery shells to Russia. 

A more plausible theory suggests that Western sanctions aren’t having the intended effect on Russia’s defense industry. Contrarily, Russia has emerged as the world’s fifth-largest economy, overtaking Germany after the onset of the war. It’s worth mentioning that despite these sanctions and ongoing warfare, Russia is in the process of constructing five Yasen-M class nuclear-powered submarines, as we have previously reported. 

Open sources report that Russia has amassed over 9,000 pieces of armor, but this accounts only for the ones that are visible through satellite images. The number of concealed armor, stashed away in closed warehouses, remains a mystery.

Photo credit: Rostec

Meanwhile, Russia reportedly dispatches up to 15,000 tons of ammunition and fuel daily to the frontlines, says Sergei Shoigu. Even if one were to dismiss these claims as propaganda, the facts contradict this assertion. Since the commencement of the war, Russia appears to have faced no challenges in terms of equipment and ammunition supply.

About the Russian 122mm shell

The Russian 122mm artillery shell is a type of ammunition used in various artillery systems. It is designed to be fired from 122mm caliber guns, such as the D-30 howitzer or the 2S1 Gvozdika self-propelled artillery. The shell consists of several components that work together to deliver its intended effect.

Photo credit: Telegram

The main components of the Russian 122mm artillery shell include the projectile, the propellant charge, and the fuze. The projectile is the actual part that is fired from the gun and contains the explosive payload. It is typically made of steel and has a streamlined shape to improve its aerodynamic properties.

The propellant charge is the explosive material that propels the shell out of the gun barrel. It is usually made of a mixture of nitrocellulose and other additives, which provide the necessary energy for propulsion. The fuze is a device that initiates the detonation of the explosive payload at the desired time, either upon impact or at a predetermined distance from the target.

The Russian 122mm artillery shell can have different types of explosive payloads, depending on its intended use. One common type is the high-explosive fragmentation (HE-FRAG) shell, which is designed to produce a lethal combination of blast and fragmentation effects. This type of shell is effective against personnel, light armored vehicles, and fortifications.

Photo credit: Twitter

Another type is the smoke shell, which is filled with a smoke-producing agent to create a visual screening effect on the battlefield. Additionally, there are specialized shells, such as the illumination shell, which releases a parachute-suspended flare to illuminate the area at night.

The overall structure of the Russian 122mm artillery shell is designed to optimize its performance and effectiveness. It undergoes rigorous testing and quality control to ensure its reliability and safety. The shell’s dimensions, weight, and ballistic characteristics are carefully engineered to achieve the desired range, accuracy, and lethality.

The materials used in its construction are selected for their strength, durability, and resistance to environmental conditions. The design also incorporates safety features to prevent accidental detonation and to facilitate handling and storage.

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