MOSCOW ($1=62.90 Russian Rubles) — Officially, the Russian Navy acquired the largest submarine built in 40 years – Belgorod, Oscar II-class. The information was confirmed by the largest shipbuilding enterprise in Russia – Sevmash.
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The Belgorod submarine is a nuclear submarine, and its construction began nearly three years ago – in 2019. The length of the submarine is 184 m and its displacement is 14,700/17,000 tonnes surfaced and 24,000/30,000 tonnes submerged. There is currently no official information on her range, but according to open source data, her maximum speed is 32 knots [59 km/h; 37 mph] surfaced.
The main purpose of the Belgorod submarine is to carry six nuclear unmanned underwater vehicles [UUVs] – the Poseidon nuclear torpedoes. During combat, Belgorod can integrate a small nuclear submarine designed for deep-sea diving under its keel. Belgorod also impresses with other key advantages – the integration of a second rescue submarine on Belgorod’s back, as well as the ability to carry a large payload, including independent nuclear power plants.
The armament of the Belgorod nuclear submarine is standard for this class of submarines – torpedoes, cruise missiles, mines. More impressive is the presence of six Poseidon nuclear torpedoes.
About Poseidon UUV
Poseidon is an intercontinental nuclear-powered nuclear-armed autonomous torpedo. The Poseidon is the largest torpedo currently in the world ever developed by any country. The torpedo is 24 meters long and has a diameter of 2 meters. Its speed underwater is remarkable – 70 knots. For people who don’t understand sea speed, 70 knots equals 130 km/h. The torpedo can swim at a depth of 1 km. The propulsion is nuclear, and the warhead it can carry is 2 megatons.
The Belgorod nuclear submarine is becoming a dangerous Russian weapon precisely because of the presence of its Poseidon nuclear torpedoes. H. I. Sutton writes on his hisutton.com blog that the Poseidon is intended for a second strike, as part of the Russian Federation’s nuclear deterrent, and its targets are coastal cities such as New York and Los Angeles.
“In this scenario, the lack of dependence on satellites and the fact that it literally passes under missile defenses make it a slow but inevitable death. Critically, this is a diversification of Russia’s nuclear deterrent, not a replacement for submarine-launched missiles,” Sutton wrote.
What did Russia say?
At a solemn ceremony in the presence of the leadership of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, the Navy, the administrations of the Arkhangelsk region, the city of Severodvinsk, and representatives of the shipbuilding industry, an act of acceptance was signed.
At the Andreevsky flag-raising ceremony, Navy Commander-in-Chief Nikolai Evmenov emphasized: “Today is a significant day for us – the signing of the act of acceptance of the research submarine Belgorod and its handover to the fleet. In the creation of the ship, modern achievements of science and the latest construction technologies were applied, using the existing technical reserve. The Belgorod submarine opens up new opportunities for Russia in conducting various research, allows conducting various scientific expeditions and rescue operations in the most remote areas of the World Ocean… The overall task of building the Belgorod submarine has been completed. I wish the crew a successful voyage and seven feet under the keel!”
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