UAR-15, the Zbroyar clone of AR-15 replaces Soviet Kalashnikov

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The analyzes were made by Juliusz Sabak for Defence24. Their assessments, opinions and comments on the topic do not reflect the position of BulgarianMilitary.com

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WARSAW ($1=4.38 Polish Zlotys) — The deployment of the National Guard, the Armed Forces, the Border Guards, and other Ukrainian arms groups in line with NATO standards is a long process, albeit with many obstacles. It is currently carried out mainly thanks to the UAR-15 carbines, which, as you can easily guess, are one of the many clones of the AR-15, but produced by the local company Zbroyar.

Weapons of Ukrainian specialists from the American SOCOM?

The license for the production of weapons based on the worldwide AR-15 and AR-10 systems was obtained for Zbroyar from the American company Daniel Defense, known among others for the supply of carbines for the American SOCOM. Some components in Ukrainian production still come from this manufacturer, especially in the case of supplies to the military, although before the war they were successively replaced by domestic components. These are key components such as barrels and triggers.

Photo: Ukrainian MoD

Zbroyar products have entered the market of military weapons under the UKROP brand, and from 2020 UAR-15 carbines are delivered to units subordinate to the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine and the Armed Forces of Ukraine. This is a version of the Z-15 rifles adapted to the requirements of the user, with barrels and triggers adapted for single and automatic fire, provided by Daniel Defense.

Ergonomic, functional

The UAR-15 rifle is modeled on the AR-15 / M4 family in one of its latest incarnations with many solutions that increase reliability and ergonomics, such as an adjustable gas system, an enlarged charging handle, and a swing with a KeyMod mounting system. There is a Picatinny mounting rail along the entire length of the handle and the chamber of the castle. The weapon has mechanical sights, but Aimpoint CompM4 sights are standard equipment. The adjustable buttstock and front handle come from Magpul or are one of many copies. The weapon is powered by standard plastic stores. Most of the examples also come with a silencer, because these weapons are used mainly by special units of the National Guard, Border Guard, Police, and Special Operations Forces.

The weapon has already been tested by selected units, but in 2020 began deliveries of serial units UAR-15, including special units subordinated to the Eastern Territorial Council of the National Guard of Ukraine, the Cord Special Police Unit, and the 10th Independent Rapid Response Unit “Supervision” of the State Border Guard. There is no information on how much was delivered before the battles in February 2022.

Photo: Defence-Blog

Thanks to modern solutions, high ergonomics, and collimator sight, soldiers and officers, even after a short training, achieve better results than with standard Kalashnikov rifles, still in these formations. These are the opinions of the users themselves, often experienced instructors and operators. As they emphasize, UAR-15 in the standard configuration, even with mechanical devices, allows you to achieve similar results as the AK-74 carbine after a solid modification.

It is not insignificant that the AR-15 / M4 chip is very popular and universal. It is easy to install additional equipment or replace it. This opens the field for searching for other applications and further merging. For example, in 2021 the SMG-15 submachine gun, which is a conversion of the UAR-15 system to 9 mm caliber, was delivered to the Ukrainian border guards 2021. The advantage of this solution is almost identical works with the carabiner. This weapon has passed by the way. very strict weather tests at minus 50 degrees.

Photo: Defence24

It is worth noting that Ukraine now receives a significant amount of Western weapons, more or less similar to these decisions. At the same time, this has an impact on the rapid increase in the saturation of various formations with Western-propelled munitions, which will further accelerate the change in standards. However, this requires an increase in Ukraine’s production of munitions in line with NATO standards, 5.56 mm and 7.62 mm. In the second caliber, Zbroyar also paved the way with the delivery of UR-10 and UAR-008 sniper rifles, powered by 7.62×51 mm [.308 Winchester] ammunition from 2017. But this is a topic for another text.

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