MOSCOW, ($1=74.40 Russian Rubles) — On April 20 this year, Russia conducted the first successful test of a liquid-fueled, MIRV-equipped super-heavy intercontinental ballistic missile RS-28 Sarmat, after which Roscosmos CEO Dmitry Rogozin called the missile a “gift to NATO.” Two days ago, on April 25, Rogozin announced on the Solovyov Live radio and television program that Russia was starting production of 46 units of the missile complex.
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“Everything is basically going according to plan. We plan to test the flight project this year. At the same time, we are already making serial missiles to equip the first regiment in the Krasnoyarsk Territory, this is the Uzhur Division. We will have a total of 46 strategic combat systems Sarmat,” Rogozin said.
The RS-28 Sarmat ICBM is expected to be commissioned no later than the autumn of 2022, Rogozin said. BulgarianMilitary.com reminds us that according to the announced Russian intentions, this strategic combat system should replace the existing R-36M [SS-18], known as Satan by NATO.
The tests, conducted by the Russian Federation on April 20, were conducted by the Plesetsk Cosmodrome. According to the Russian news agency Interfax, tests of the RS-28 Sarmat ICBM have confirmed and fulfilled the structural characteristics of the complex, as well as those of all stages of the missile’s flight.
After the tests, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced that “this truly unique weapon will strengthen the combat potential of our armed forces, will reliably ensure security from external threats, and will make those who, in fierce aggressive rhetoric, try to threaten the country us, to think.”
About RS-28 Sarmat
According to the Russian news agency Interfax, RS-28 Sarmat [NATO reporting name: SS-X-29 or SS-X-30] will be produced by the Krasmash plant, which is part of the Roscosmos structure. The missile is to replace the world’s most powerful strategic missile, the RS-20B Voyevoda, which is under the operational control of Russian strategic missile forces in the Krasnoyarsk and Dombarovsk regions.
RS-28 Sarmat has a mass of 208.1 metric tons, length of 35.5 m, and diameter of 3 meters. According to generally available characteristics, a Samrat missile will carry between 10 and 15 MIRV payloads of warheads designed for exosphere ballistic missiles. The operating range is estimated at approximately 18,000 kilometers and must reach a maximum speed of 20.7; 25.560 km / h [15,880 mph]; 7.1 km / s [4.4 mi / s]. According to Interfax, in the future Sarmat missiles will carry hypersonic sliding winged warheads Avangard, which develop a speed of about Mach 27.
The rocket is powered by an RD-263 liquid rocket engine, burning nitrogen tetroxide [NTO] and unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine [UDMH] in the oxidizer rich staged combustion cycle. The RS-28 Sarmat is guided by inertial guidance, GLONASS, and Astro-inertial guidance systems.
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