China sold FK-3 medium / long-range missile system to Serbia

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BEIJING, ($1=6.37 Chinese Yuans) — Serbia has purchased China’s FK-3 anti-aircraft semi-active radar homing / radio-command guidance surface-to-air missile system with medium and long-range, has learned, citing Serbian President Alexander Vucic. Vucic was forced to confirm the purchase, as the Chinese People’s Liberation Army’s U-20 transport plane was spotted in Serbia on April 9th. According to unconfirmed information, U-20 supplied the equipment for the purchased air defense system.

Photo credit: Global Times

China’s state-run online portal, the Global Times, also confirmed the sale of FK-3 to Serbs. According to journalist Liu Xuanzun, this Chinese air defense could significantly improve the defense capabilities of the Serbian army.

The purchase of FK-3 was not enthusiastically received by all political parties in the country. Some opponents of the Serbian president have accused him of buying military equipment from a country rivaling Europe and NATO. However, the Serbian president replied that the purchase went “according to the rules”, in compliance with all Serbian and international legal regulations and procedures.

The Chinese online portal recalls in its article that in the 1990s, Serbia [former Yugoslavia] was subjected to 78 days of air bombardment by the United States and some NATO allies. “Serbia has been the victim of airstrikes, so it is natural for the country to invest in its air defense capabilities,” Liu Xuanzun wrote, recalling the thousands of victims.


HQ-22 is a Chinese semi-active radar homing / radio-command guidance surface-to-air missile system with medium and long-range. FK-3 [the one that Serbia bought] is the export version of HQ-22.

The system has been in service with the Chinese People’s Liberation Army since 2017. The HQ-22 missile is actually the next generation of the older Chinese HQ-12 missile.

One battery includes one vehicle transporting the radar installation and three vehicles launching the missiles. Each vehicle fires up to four missiles or a total of 12. It is claimed that one battery can hit six air targets simultaneously.

Photo credit: Global Times

The operational range of the missile is 170 km, and the height can hit targets from 50 meters to 27 kilometers. The warhead weighs 180 kilograms and the detonation mechanism is based on the impact/proximity principle. The missile is launched from the Hanyang 8×8 platform and is powered by a solid-propellant rocket motor.


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