New SAM S-400 Triumf has begun combat duty near Moscow

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MOSCOW, ($1=77.91 Russian Rubles) — A new S-400 Triumf air defense division has begun combat duty near Moscow, providing an air shield to a central industrial area, BulgarianMilitary.com has learned, citing a statement from the Russian Federation’s Defense Ministry.

Photo credit: TASS

According to the Russian Ministry of Defense, the S-400 missile system put into combat readiness has passed successful tests at the Kapustin Yar test site in the Astrakhan region. The tests took place at the end of last year, the statement said.

“On Friday, January 28, the combat crews of the anti-aircraft missile division of the Dmitrov Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment from the Moscow region air defense unit of the Air Force, which adopted the new divisional set of anti-aircraft S-400 Triumph. The missile system began to perform combat duty for the air defense of Moscow and the Central Industrial Region of Russia,” the statement said.

The Ministry of Defense announced that the combat crews have already completed the preparations for bringing the system into combat readiness and have begun to establish control over the incident in the security zone.

BulgarianMilitary.com reminds us that Moscow and the central industrial region of Russia are currently guarded by five divisions with S-400 anti-aircraft missile systems. The new division on combat duty is the sixth.

S-400 Triumph anti-aircraft missile system

The S-400 Triumph, formerly known as the S-300 PMU-3, is an anti-aircraft weapon system developed in the 1990s in Russia by the Almaz Central Design Bureau as a modernization of the S-300 family. It has been in service with the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation since 2007, the S-400 uses four missiles to fill its flight: very long-range 40N6 [400 km], long-range 48N6 [250 km], medium-range 9M96E2 [120 km], and short-range 9M96E [40 km]. The S-400 was described by The Economist in 2017 as “one of the best air defense systems currently made.”

One system containing up to 8 divisions [divisions] can control up to 72 launchers, with a maximum of 384 missiles [including missiles with a range of less than 250 km]. Missiles are launched using a gas system from launch tubes up to 30 meters into the air before the rocket engine ignites, which increases the maximum and reduces the minimum ranges. In April 2015, a successful rocket test bomb was conducted on a target air at a distance of 400 km [250 miles];

Tels carrying a long-range 40N6 may only be able to hold two missiles instead of the typical four due to their larger size. Another test recorded a 9M96 missile using an active homing radar, reaching an altitude of 56 km. All missiles are equipped with a warhead aimed at the explosion, which increases the likelihood of the destruction of targets.

Russia and India discussing joint S-400 production

In 2019, Moscow and New Delhi began a discussion on an issue of production of Russia’s S-400 air defense systems components in India, as the CEO of Russia’s state hi-tech corporation Rostec Sergei Chemezov said then in an interview with business daily RBC.

“Yes, we are discussing localization with India,” Chemezov said when asked if the production of S-400 components in India was possible.

The Rostec head reminded that Russia had already sold licenses to India for Su-30 combat aircraft, T-90 tank, while “BrahMos missile was developed jointly with them, on their territory and in collaboration with their scientists.”

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