RIYADH, (BM) – By 2030, Saudi Arabia and the UAE plan to develop military artificial intelligence technologies to a level that can help their economies reduce their dependence on oil sales. The introduction of such technologies will affect the two states’ defense capability – Gazeta.ru tell us more.
Saudi Arabia and the UAE are betting on artificial intelligence (AI) in military technology. In October last year, Riyadh hosted the Global AI Summit, which brought together stakeholders from the government, academia, and private sectors, including tech companies, investors, entrepreneurs, and startups.
Both countries have adopted Vision 2030, a development strategy that builds on data and artificial intelligence to help Saudi Arabia and the UAE move beyond oil-based economies, said the head of global risk and resilience at the Geneva Policy Center. safety Jean-Marc Rikli.
According to Defense News analysts, the military of both states will benefit from the emphasis on AI.
“In the military, technology can increasingly become a surrogate for war. This allows smaller powers as well as non-state actors to use technology as a force multiplier in all dimensions of the battlefield and beyond,” said Jean-Marc Rikli.
All this will be relevant for the UAE, for example, because the number of their armed forces is minimal. Therefore, the introduction of AI will allow performing defense tasks more and more autonomously and reducing economic and human costs, the American edition writes.
Jean-Marc Rikli noted that the UAE is leading in the development of AI in the Gulf countries. The Emirates became the first country to introduce the post of Artificial Intelligence and founded the Mohammed bin Zayed University of Artificial Intelligence in Abu Dhabi.
One of the attempts to implement an AI strategy last fall was made by Saudi Arabia, which was to track data on COVID-19 to help the country take the necessary precautions.
Artificial intelligence is likely to have the most substantial impact on countries’ financial sectors, but “it is in defense, intelligence, and counterterrorism that the use of AI is likely to grow the fastest,” said Gulf State Analytics CEO Giorgio Cafiero.
Previously, none of the countries had the opportunity or workforce to invest in extensive research and expensive weapons programs. Still, new technologies can provide a niche for this, writes Defense News.
“Turkey has carved a niche in the UAV industry by producing drones (such as the Kargu drone) that have semi-autonomous functions. Similarly, Israel has invested in this market (Harop and Harpy) in addition to air defense systems (Iron Dome) and cybersecurity. The UAE and Saudi Arabia seem to be following a similar path to fill a similar niche in the defense market with new technologies,” said Jean-Marc Rikli.
Last year, ADASI (a subsidiary of Edge) unveiled its first UAE-made vertical takeoff and landing unmanned aerial vehicle, the Garmousha, which uses technology using artificial intelligence algorithms.
The UAV demonstration took place at the international exhibition UMEX (Unmanned Systems Exhibition), held in Abu Dhabi on February 23-25, 2020. Garmousha is characterized by a high level of automation and modular design, making it easy to install and dismantle various types of payload weighing up to 100 kg. A UAV equipped with a diesel engine can stay in the air for up to 6 hours, the flight range is up to 150 km, and the maximum speed is 140 km / h.
State-owned Saudi Arabian Military Industries recently acquired Advanced Electronics Co., a step forward in developing its defense electronics capabilities. Also, the deal is in line with the Saudi Vision 2030 directives to increase the production of defense products in the country, writes Defense News.
Experts point out that automation and increased productivity through artificial intelligence can reduce the country’s need for foreign workers.
“Through the NSDAI (National Data and Artificial Intelligence Strategy), the Saudis aim to attract about $ 20 billion in investment from both overseas and from within the kingdom over the next nine years and train about 2,000 Saudis to become artificial intelligence specialists by 2030.” – said Cafiero of Gulf State Analytics.
The two countries (UAE and Saudi Arabia) continue to employ artificial intelligence specialists from the West and increasingly from China to meet labor needs, Rikli said. Besides, there are chances for increased cooperation in AI between the UAE and Israel, as the two states have established new diplomatic relations.
As Gazeta.Ru previously wrote, in the United States, they have taken up artificial intelligence for a long time. The Americans perceive Russia and China’s successes in the military sphere and the development of defense technologies as a challenge to their superiority, so now they are betting on high technologies.
As you know, artificial intelligence is a mechanical system that can learn and use objective knowledge and experience, solve creative problems like the human brain and inventive problems without enumerating options, build strategies and apply abstract concepts.
This kind of AI has yet to be created, but technology is evolving very rapidly. Developers are motivated by both large corporations. It is a way to gain competitive advantages and a new source of profits and states. The development of artificial intelligence is an essential aspect of national security and the preservation of sovereignty.
For example, the PRC leadership has repeatedly stated that China will become the world leader in artificial intelligence technologies and the largest innovation center by 2030 since Beijing needs scientific and technological leadership to maintain high rates of economic growth.
In the United States, the so-called “Third Compensation Strategy” has been adopted, the task of which is to introduce the most modern innovations in the military sphere and regain an overwhelming advantage over China and Russia, which in the “National Security Strategy” are declared as competitors and adversaries of the United States.
Among such innovations in defense, the Pentagon includes artificial intelligence, the interaction of machines and military personnel, the improvement of unmanned combat vehicles, robots and autonomous weapons, hypersonic technology, and directed energy. Also, it plans to expand the interaction of the defense industry and the commercial sector of the economy.
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