MOSCOW, (BM) – About $30 billion is the turnover of the Russian defense industry in the field of anti-aircraft missile systems for the last 20 years, BulgarianMilitary has learned, citing data provided by the Russian company Rosoboronexport [a subsidiary of Rostek – ed.]. The information was also published by dozens of Russian media on November 20.
It is only about selling anti-aircraft missile systems to foreign customers. According to Russian military sources and financial analysts evaluating the deals of the Russian defense industry, the production and sale of anti-aircraft missile systems ranks second in the ranking of Russian arms exports.
Russia has a tradition of developing this type of system. S-400 Triumph is the penultimate air defense system of the Russian Federation, which receives great attention and international response around the world. This is due to the characteristics of the system, which in April this year during tests and exercises, managed to intercept and shoot down a ballistic missile at a distance of 400 km. Today, the S-400 is in service in the Russian Federation and is a major pillar in the country’s missile and air defenses. India has signed the largest deal in the world so far, ordering an S-400 worth a total of $ 5 billion. China and Turkey are the other two countries that own this anti-aircraft missile system. There is interest from other countries to acquire the Russian Triumph, including Iran, Egypt, Armenia, Belarus and others.
But the S-400 is only part of the production of air defense systems. The largest manufacturer in Russia is the company Almaz-Antey, which produces missile systems with medium and long range. This year the company presented one of its latest developments – Antey 4000, which will be able to work with two types of missiles – 9M83ME and 9M82MDE. This means that the new missile system will hit targets of 150 and 350 kilometers, and the aerodynamic launch height of the missiles will be 33 kilometers. According to sources from the design bureau, which has developed the Antey 4000 system, the missiles will be able to intercept targets moving at 4800 km / h. and will be able to destroy them at an altitude of up to 45 km.
In recent years, we have also witnessed the concentration of Russian air defense production in the field of medium-range missile systems, including the Viking and Buk-M3. However, the problem for most Russian air defense systems may be small flying objects, better known as kamikaze drones, which only need to crash into the radar installation of any air defense system to disable it. That is why the Russian defense industry has already begun investing and developing short-range systems to neutralize the threat of small drones.
Such systems are air defense with a very short range or VSHORAD. Russia already has in its portfolio similar manufactured systems, for example: Willow, Tiger 4×4, Gibka, Igla-S, Pantsir-S1 and others. According to Russian military experts, these assets are enough for the Russian military to build an excellent air defense line against the kamikaze drones. Last but not least, in this whole arsenal of Russian air defense systems for low-flying small drones can be included the modern means of electronic warfare, which “burn” the electronics of drones.
80 Buk-M3 air defense missile systems were delivered to the Russian army
According to a press release issued on November 13 by the Russian Central Military District, the latest Russian Buk-M3 mobile air defense missile system has already been put into operation and is about to be brought into combat readiness.
80 units of the Buk-M3 air defense missile system were delivered to the anti-aircraft missile brigade of the Central Military District, it is clear from the press release. The delivery was made on November 12 this year.
Buk-M3 is an updated version of the old Russian air defense missile system Buk-M2. According to military experts, the new version of the missile system has an increased payload so that it can operate and carry more missiles than the previous one. We are talking about six missile units, which makes a total of 12 missiles. Also, sources from the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation say that the new Buk-M3 has modern protection of the crew from detonation. Buk-M3 is entirely Russian production and was produced by the Russian concern Almaz-Antey VKO. The anti-aircraft missile system is adapted to combat fast-moving and highly maneuverable enemy aircraft units.
According to the new technical characteristics of the air defense missile system, Buk-M3 has a fairly large range of damage – from 2.5 km. up to 70 km., and manages to hit targets moving at about 3 km./sec. The system is equipped with an independent radar self-guiding head, which easily locates and directs the missiles on highly maneuverable aircraft, as well as on operational-tactical missiles fired by the enemy. The Russian Buk-M3 system is armed with 9M317M missiles, which have active radar targeting.
The Buk series anti-aircraft missile systems have proven their effectiveness in Syria in recent months. The Turkish Ministry of Defense has officially announced that the Turkish military has lost 12 Bayraktar drones in Syria, which created many problems and easily destroyed the Paintsir-S1 mobile anti-aircraft system. After the failure of Paintsir-S1, the Syrian defense began to use the Russian air defense missile system Buk-M2E and according to the Syrian Defense Ministry, this system has 80% astonishing efficiency, as evidenced by the downed Turkish drones.
Russia’s ‘silver bullet’ Prometheus could shoot down the American F-35 stealth
The Russian Federation has repeatedly claimed that the first mass-produced S-500 Prometheus anti-aircraft missile system will enter service with the Russian army.
Similar allegations have been made by Russia’s top officials, including Russian Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Borisov, who recently told Russia’s Interfax media that everything was going according to plan and that Russia would have an S-500 by the end of 2020. The same was confirmed by the Deputy Commander of the Russian Aerospace Forces, Lieutenant General Yuri Grekhov, and the Executive Director of Rostech, Sergei Chemezov. “Russian Prometheus enters serial production” they all said.
Russia is expected to put S-500 Prometheus into operation in the next 7 to 8 years, and by the end of 2027 the Russian sky will be protected by S-350, S-400 and S-500. In the presence of the first two systems, many military analysts are skeptical that Moscow will not need to produce the full volume of S-500 air defense systems, which should replace the existing S-400, because the Russian Triumph [S-400 – ed.] is good enough to handle any air attack at this point.
We recently wrote that the Russian S-500 air defense system has passed combat tests in Syria, and this information was confirmed by sources from the country’s military-industrial complex, but still officially ambiguously denied by the Russian government itself. At the same time, the Kremlin simply said succinctly about the circulated information that “there is no need for additional testing.”
But is the Russian “silver bullet” [Russian media call the S-500 air defense system – ed.] capable of shooting down the leading product of the American defense industry – the F-35 stealth fighter? We hope we never understand, because if such a situation arises, then obviously the world will face a nobrable evil.
We know a lot about the American fighter, but very little about the Russian S-500 air defense system. The reason is that the Russian authorities refuse to officially disseminate any information, but on the other hand, the Russian military industry itself has managed to “provide” quite unexpected information to the general public in the last 24 months.
We know that the S-500 has a significantly fast response time of between 3 and 4 seconds for a missile launch, and the range of the missile is 600 km. What does this tell us? If the S-400 can shoot down an American F-35 fighter [according to various information from military analysts and engineers – ed.], Then the S-500 has 200 km. greater range of damage than its predecessor, and 6 seconds faster response time than it.
The S-500 works fast. This is a fact. But does it intercept and strike? The short answer is yes, because the S-500 is equipped with the latest in anti-aircraft missile engineering in the world – the 77-N6 and 77N6-N1 missiles. These two missiles can intercept hypersonic missiles, intercontinental ballistic missiles, or moving air objects at a speed of 5 Mach. For reference only – the American F-35 fighter can reach a maximum speed of 1.6 Mach. Even the Russian government has officially issued a statement that the S-500 could hit and shoot down a satellite in low orbit, and this message came in response to the Pentagon, which said that Russia had tested an anti-satellite missile.
Of course, these are extreme heights. The question is quite different, whether Russia will at all agree to mass-produce a system, loading it with characteristics for extreme heights.
The S-500 is a source of pride for the Russian military. Russian media have begun calling the air defense system the “silver bullet,” and Almaz-Antey’s chief engineer, Pavel Sozinov, has repeatedly said that “the S-500 is a blow to American prestige” and that “this system neutralizes every American offensive weapons, surpassing American anti-aircraft and anti-missile systems. “
One issue remains to be clarified in the near future. How many systems will Russia produce? Because the prospects are very high, especially after Moscow and Ankara agreed to jointly produce the S-500 air defense system. For now, Turkey will officially participate, unofficially – it all depends on the country’s financial capabilities, especially at a time when the Turkish lira is rapidly losing value and puts the economy at huge risk of bankruptcy.
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