MOSCOW, (BM) – Russia continues to develop and test new missile systems designed to fight both fighters and bombers, as well as ballistic missiles or reconnaissance satellites. BulgarianMilitary.com has learned that Russia has conducted another successful test of such a system.
It is not yet clear when the test was taken, but it is assumed that it happened within October this year. The Russian Federation has so far avoided naming the system or the missile that was tested. However, the Russian Ministry of Defense released an official video of the test. Military experts claim that the same missile or missile system was tested in November 2017, February, July, August and December 2018, as well as in mid-2019.
In an official statement released to the media, Russia claims that the new anti-missile system has more than successfully passed its latest tests, by reliably fulfilling the tasks of the combat crew, which allowed the missile to hit the target with extreme accuracy.
The distributed video shows that the tests were performed at a well-known test site in Kazakhstan – Sari-Shagan. The video itself shows the rocket being fired from several possible angles, followed by panoramic photos, most likely taken by a drone with a high-resolution camera. In general, this is the basic information provided by the Russian military administration.
However, military analysts began analyzing the video provided and concluded that it may be the A-235 missile system, which is still under development, but for which there have been confirmed and proven tests over the years, as we mentioned above in the text. Characteristic of this missile is that it is designed for the use of nuclear warheads, and can destroy enemy missiles outside the Earth’s atmosphere, making it a suitable weapon for shooting down enemy reconnaissance satellites.
As we wrote last year, the Pentagon-based US military intelligence reported a number of similar tests from Russia via satellite imagery, confirming at the time that Russia had tested an anti-satellite missile system. Even in one of its reports, the Pentagon said it had seen an improvement in the world record for the range of a rocket fired and suggested that it was the A-235. At the time, Russia did not deny the tests, but tried to misinform the public by saying that it had actually tested the S-500 Prometheus anti-aircraft missile system.
All tests so far of the A-235 anti-ballistic and anti-satellite missile system have been performed at the same test site in Kazakhstan.
The new system is being created to replace the A-135 [“Amur”], deployed around Moscow and designed to repel a nuclear strike of limited strength against Moscow and the central industrial region. The lead developer of the A-235 missile defense system is the Almaz-Antey air defense concern, and the developer of long-range intercept missiles is the Novator OKB.
The first work on the A-235 project began in the Soviet Union in 1985/86 and continued throughout the following time. The main features of the new missile defense system are broader capabilities to intercept not only warheads of ballistic missiles, but also spacecraft of a potential enemy. The missile guidance of the complex at the target will most likely be command and it is likely that at the final stage such an element will be used as a homing head [GOS]. At the same time, the A-235 missile defense system will involve the Don-2N / 5N20 radar and the Don-2NP / 5N20P range radar with updated software and hardware. It is assumed that the A-235 missile defense system will use two-stage anti-missiles equipped with both conventional and nuclear warheads.
The predecessor of Nudol, the Amur complex, took up combat duty at the beginning of the 1990s, and that system was already able to solve tasks to destroy low-altitude satellites of a potential enemy. In addition, the “Amur” worked in a fully automatic mode, including the detection and recognition of targets with the subsequent defeat of the warheads of ICBMs, excluding the detonation of their charges.
One of the trump cards of the A-135 complex was the 53T6 antimissile [according to the NATO codification GAZELLE], which is able to intercept enemy ballistic missiles and their warheads flying at speeds up to 6-7 km / s at an altitude of 5 kilometers to the borders of near space. It is noteworthy that until now, in terms of a number of parameters, this rocket has no analogues in the whole world, and in terms of load carrying capacity and thrust-to-weight ratio, it is more than 1.5 times superior to the best foreign models. “Gazelles” are in constant readiness for combat use and are ready for use throughout their entire service life without preparatory technological work and in any climatic conditions. Also, for the reliability of hitting ballistic targets, the 53T6 missiles were equipped with a nuclear charge.
There is no doubt that the strategic missile defense system of the Russian capital, which can shoot down enemy missiles in near space, is currently one of the most interesting and classified projects of the Russian defense industry. The tactical and technical characteristics of the complex are not disclosed, but it is known that it will use the world’s fastest interceptor missiles with a new engine, with the ability to use both nuclear and kinetic charges, and the latest electronics.
The mobility of the system will become a significant factor increasing the invulnerability of the complex, while many missile defense elements around the world are still mine-based. The Russian military leadership places high hopes on Nudol and the newest S-500 anti-aircraft missile system, and with the commissioning of these developments, a serious “umbrella” of a multi-stage missile defense system will appear over Moscow. It is possible that in the future, these developments will become the basis of the global anti-nuclear defense system deployed over Russia.
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