MOSCOW, (BM) – As we have repeatedly announced this year, the arms embargo on Iran, which was imposed in 2015 by the UN in a Security Council resolution, will be lifted on 18 October.
Asked if Moscow was concerned about US sanctions if Russia decided to sell S-400 anti-aircraft missile systems to Iran, a Russian diplomat told local media that Moscow was not afraid of Washington and that if Iran wanted to buy them, the systems will be delivered, learned BulgarianMilitary.com citing EurAsia.
“As you know, [SAM] S-300s were delivered [to Iran]. Russia has no problems with the supply of S-400 and this was not a problem from the very beginning,” said Russian Ambassador to the Islamic Republic Levan Jagaryan in an interview with the Iranian newspaper Resalat.
According to the diplomat, Moscow is ready to sit at the negotiating table for a possible sale of Russian weapons to the Islamic Republic only after the 18th of this month and only if Tehran so wishes.
“We are open to negotiations for the delivery of the S-400, including to Iran. Furthermore, this technique is not subject to the restrictions imposed by UN Security Council Resolution 2231 of 20 June 2015. We have not received a formal appeal from our partners on this subject,” the ambassador added.
Iran’s arms embargo imposed by the UN Security Council has forced the country in recent years to focus on developing and manufacturing local weapons systems, including those for the country’s air defense. Tehran has already integrated its air defense systems into the country’s defense, such as Raad and Mersad, which are actually medium-range. Tehran also has long-range air defense systems and these are again local systems – Talash and Bavar 373. Despite the presence of Iranian air defense systems, experts and specialists say that the Russian S-300 air defense systems delivered in 2016 are the most -effective defense of the country so far.
Military intelligence from various countries confirms that the divisions equipped with S-300 cover the territorial airspace over Bandar Abbas, Bushir, Isfahan and Tehran – places where the most important and important military, nuclear and various production facilities of the Islamic Republic are located. Let us remind you that when the US Navy initially located its combat units in the Persian Gulf last year, Iran moved S-300s along the coast, giving a clear signal that it is ready to use them if, for one reason or another, the US takes action. attacking actions.
Even before the imposition of the UN arms embargo in 2007, Tehran expressed a desire to have Russian S-300 air defense missile systems and paid Moscow nearly $1 billion. for their acquisition. Then began a complex and lengthy political process that debated whether and whether Tehran should receive the missile systems in question. In 2010, the UN banned the transfer of weapons to Tehran, which led to a sharp decline in military-technological cooperation between the two countries [Iran and Russia – ed.].
In the following years, heavy international political negotiations were held over Iran’s nuclear arsenal and nuclear production facilities, which led to some success and progress only in 2015. However, this allowed Moscow to lift the embargo on the supply of S-300 missile systems and to at the end of 2016, as already mentioned, Tehran received paid and long-awaited air defense systems.
What is the US response?
The date of October 18 is awaited with great interest by Tehran, but this is not the case with Washington’s attitude to the lifting of the embargo. The United States has repeatedly threatened all countries preparing to sell weapons to the Islamic Republic that there will be severe economic sanctions, a practice that the Trump administration has managed to turn into a successful economic lever, to some extent.
September 21 this year was a key date in this regard, as the United States prepared and signed an executive order aimed specifically against future partner countries in the arms market with Tehran.
“The president (Trump) has taken drastic measures to limit Iran’s access to nuclear technology, ballistic missile technology (production) and conventional weapons,” said Robert O’Brien, the president’s national security adviser.
What is clear so far is that this executive order of the US administration will allow the White House to impose sanctions not only on corporate participants in the arms market and trade with the Islamic State, but also on individuals directly involved in this trade or leaders of specific corporate units.
However, the sanctions will not only focus on the purchase and sale of weapons, but also on the provision of technology, cooperation, transfer, maintenance, finance and more.
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