TEL AVIV, (BM) – The Israeli Air Force has introduced a new unique squadron in which all the special forces of the unit are assembled under one command, learned BulgarianMilitary.com according the Israel Defense Forces statement.
“The 7th Special Operations Aircraft Unit was created to meet operational needs and respond to changing and growing threats in various zones,” the IDF’s press release quoted MIGnews.com as saying.
It is noted that this step is aimed at increasing the operational efficiency of units.
“The wing will function as an additional and unique component for the Air Force through special deep, routine and emergency operations,” the Israeli Defense Forces said.
The new squadron will combine the elite search and rescue squad of the Air Force 669, the Shaldag squad, Frontal Landing Unit, a special reconnaissance unit and a special forces school.
According to Air Force Commander Major General Amikam Norkin, Israel is thus entering a new era in the history of air special forces.
Earlier it was reported that the Pentagon plans to purchase from Israel two batteries of the Iron Dome tactical missile defense system.
All you need to know about Israeli air special forces
It is believed that supposedly personally Generalissimo Stalin was the initiator of the creation of special forces on the Promised Land. One can argue with this, although the idea of creating Israel as opposed to English influence in the region came to his mind.
It is a fact that a flood of thousands of military officers, NKVD-MGB officers, who at that time had invaluable experience in operational and sabotage work, poured into Palestine then.
According to some reports, the Supreme then seconded to Israel two generals from infantry and aviation, a vice admiral of the Navy, five colonels and eight lieutenant colonels and several hundred junior officers to work directly on the ground. All of them had a corresponding entry in the “fifth column” of the questionnaire, and they expressed a desire to repatriate to their historical homeland. Through Czechoslovakia went transports with weapons and military equipment.
The creation of the army, intelligence, counterintelligence and police began. At the same time, military clashes with British troops began, and later with the Bedouin tribes. Then some officers from the MGB and GRU also “lit up”.
Israeli historians claim that the founder and first leader of the Mossad intelligence, which created the Shin Bet security service and counterintelligence, was a certain captain Halperin, better known as Iser Harel. One of his first successful foreign policy special operations was the discovery and abduction in Buenos Aires of the Nazi Adolf Eichmann, who in Hitlerite Germany was responsible for the “final solution of the Jewish question.”
External intelligence “Nativa Bar” was founded by the officer “Smersha” Livanov, who adopted the Jewish name Nehimiya Levanon. Captain Nikolsky, as well as officers Zaitsev and Malevany, stood at the origins of the creation of the army special forces Tsakhal. Two officers of the USSR Navy, whose surnames could not be determined, created and trained a unit of the local naval special forces.
It was in the image and likeness of Israeli special forces that the first European anti-terror unit was formed – the German GSG-9. The state of Israel, which has been living in a state of constant war against terror and inhospitable neighbors for sixty years, still largely remains an example of a sound and effective approach to manning and arming the army and special operations units.
Sayeret, literally translated from Hebrew, means “intelligence unit”. In real life, these units, in addition to intelligence, specialize in sabotage missions. Typically, special forces in the IDF include a battalion or company.
All combat brigades in the IDF include units equipped with the most trained fighters and equipped with the best weapons. In addition, these soldiers are specially trained in intelligence and hand-to-hand combat.
Historically, combat brigades have allocated a company of up to a company, commonly called “Palsar” (“PALSAR” – “reconnaissance company”) for conducting intelligence activities.
Despite the fact that the reconnaissance units were originally oriented to support and reconnaissance support for combined-arms combat operations, many of them were involved in special operations. PALSAR units are included in all infantry and some tank brigades of the Israeli army.
Each reconnaissance unit was different, their experience and level of training was uneven, and therefore, over the past decades, the Israeli Defense Forces command began to practice combining them into larger units.
So there were “GADSAR” – reconnaissance battalions. Each such reconnaissance battalion consists of three specialized companies: a combat engineering company (“Palkhan”), a reconnaissance company (“Palsar”) and an anti-tank company (“Palhat”). The most often mentioned in the media are usually reconnaissance companies.
Within the framework of the Yatah program (“low-intensity combat detachment”), the specialization of reconnaissance battalions is gradually changing. Their main goal should be the conduct of hostilities in urban conditions, against terrorist manifestations.
Also, special forces are created in larger military associations, with corps and commands (military districts). There are several special forces units in the IDF, which are subordinate to the regional commands, the aviation and fleet command, and also to the IDF General Staff.
The most famous of these special operations units of central subordination are Sayeret Matkal, Shaytet 13, and Ekhidat Shaldag. They fulfill the most important strategic tasks in the interests of the Israeli army. Their soldiers undergo more intensive training than in other reconnaissance units, ways to perform tasks autonomously.
Special Forces Intelligence Unit of the AOI General Staff. Organizationally subordinate to the intelligence department “Aman.” The main objective of Sayeret Matkal is to conduct strategic reconnaissance in the deep rear of the enemy.
This part also has the task of combating terrorism and freeing hostages outside of Israel. The unit was formed in the image of the Special Aviation Service of the British Army (SAS). And just like САС, it uses the slogan: “Who is brave – wins” (“WhoDaresWins”). In the Israeli army, “Sayeret Matkal” in everyday life is called simply “Unit”.
The most famous operation of this unit was the release of hostages in Uganda, also known as Operation Enttebe. During it, more than 100 passengers were freed from an Air France plane. Three hostages and the commander of the special forces group, Jonathan Netanyahu, the elder brother of the future Israeli prime minister, were killed during the assault.
Beginning of the journey: “Group 101”
The first special forces unit in the Israeli army – Group 101 was created in August 1953 and subsequently in 1954, disbanded after protests after the so-called Massacre in Quibia, a settlement on the West Bank.
Tagda special forces, led by Ariel Sharon, killed 69 residents, two thirds of whom were women and children. The “Group of 101” was created by personal order of Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion. Its mission was to counter the attacks of the Arab Fedaines on the Israelis.
After the Arab-Israeli war of 1948, Israel faced attacks by Arab militants from abroad. At first, these events were of small scale and were mainly due to economic reasons.
The militant groups were initially formed from refugees, but then neighboring Arab states began to form semi-official military units from them, and since 1954 the scale of their activities has increased dramatically. Between 1949 and 1956, about 900 attacks were recorded, the victims of which were hundreds of Israelis.
The Israeli army at that time was poorly prepared for such a development of the situation. The most combat-ready units that took part in the 1948 war were disbanded at the direction of the same Ben-Gurion. Many experienced officers left the army, Israel’s economy was extremely small, and those dismissed sometimes eked out a miserable existence.
In response to Arab attacks, Ben-Gurion decided in 1951 to create a secret unit, which organizationally entered the Southern Command of the Israeli army. The tasks of the new part included retaliation missions as part of compact and well-trained units.
However, Israeli officers did not have a sufficient level of training and did not cope with the task assigned to them, as a result of which the “Group 30” was disbanded in 1952.
Before leaving the army, Ariel Sharon took part in a relatively successful operation in Jordan. In this battle, he was seriously injured. It was Sharon who acted as the initiator of the creation of special elite forces that were trained in sabotage tactics and able to carry out retaliation actions.
In the summer of 1953, such a unit was created, Sharon was recalled from the reserve, he was awarded the rank of major and was appointed commander of a special forces company. His deputy was Shlomo Baim. The unit consisted of 50 fighters and 30 support personnel. They were armed with non-standard weapons, trained in the tactics of conducting special operations and covert penetration.
In the course of preparation, the “Group 101” was repeatedly thrown across the border and trained in an environment as close as possible to the combat. The Special Forces base camp was equipped in the abandoned Arab village of Sataf, west of Jerusalem.
“Group 101” was the first special unit of the Israeli army, formed from scratch and received the task directly from the General Staff of the IDF.
Initially, Israeli paratroopers opposed the creation of special forces. Apparently they were afraid of competition from the new part. It was the landing party that was previously entrusted with carrying out retaliation operations.
Before the Quibia Massacre, Group 101 between August 28 and 29, 1953 entered the Gaza Strip and attacked a Palestinian refugee camp. The victims of the attack were 43 Palestinian civilians, including 7 women.
In January 1954, the group was merged with the “Battalion 890” (airborne division of the IDF commandos). It is believed that it was the “101 Group” that became the prototype of all Israeli special forces. The resulting association was called the “parachute brigade.” Ariel Sharon was appointed commander of the brigade.
In 1957, Abraham Arnan turned to the headquarters of the Israeli army with a proposal to create a unit that would be able to operate in the rear of the enemy and conduct reconnaissance missions there.
The idea was supported by Ben-Gurion and Yitzhak Rabin. The new unit was supposed to be formed by the best and most devoted representatives of Israeli youth. Promising fighters had to be selected from the most physically and intellectually developed soldiers. Already after a year, the “Group 157”, subordinate to the military intelligence of Aman, began to operate.
The unit was part of the General Staff, its training was modeled on the British CAC. Some of the fighters of the group were trained by Bedouin trackers to better understand the tactics of the enemy.
Together with the Sayeret Matkal, the first Israeli helicopter squadron formed the year before was also operating. Now the special forces could penetrate deep into the Arab territories, much further than its predecessor. Arnan, who became the commander of the group, saw her goal in collecting strategic intelligence directly subordinate to the General Staff.
The new group also intended to test new types of weapons and tactics that could subsequently be used throughout the Israeli army. In 1963, the group carried out the first operation using helicopters. The group checked the information received on the deployment of military units of Egypt in the Sinai desert.
There is no information on the participation of Sayeret Matkal in the Six Day War. Supposedly, the fighters could be used to place listening devices.
Most likely, the long preparation and complicated formulation of tasks did not allow the unit to prove itself in this war. There is information that in 1968, the unit, together with the Israeli Air Force destroyed the power plants and bridges on the Nile River in Egypt.
In the same year, the unit took part in Operation Gift, during which 13 special aircraft were destroyed by special forces at Beirut’s international airport. This retaliation was carried out in response to the attack of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine on the flight of the Israeli airline El Al in Athens. In 1969, Special Forces soldiers carried out a sabotage against a high-voltage transmission line in Egypt.
On July 19, 1969, the Sayeret Matkal fighters, together with the Shaytet 13, conducted a sabotage operation against an early warning radar and a radio intelligence station located on a small island in the Gulf of Suez. In the same year, special forces in conjunction with the Israeli Air Force captured another Egyptian radar station.
After 1967, with the advent of Palestinian terrorism and the formation of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), Sayeret Matkal began developing tactics to free hostages and fight terrorism worldwide.
Follow us everywhere and at any time. BulgarianMilitary.com has responsive design and you can open the page from any computer, mobile devices or web browsers. For more up-to-date news from us, follow our YouTube, Reddit, LinkedIn, Twitter and Facebook pages. Do not miss the chance to subscribe to our newsletter. Subscribe and read our stories in News360App in AppStore or GooglePlay or in FeedlyApp in AppStore or GooglePlay
Subscribe to Google News