WASHINGTON, (BM) – In recent months, Turkey has deployed many air defense systems in Syria and Libya, experts say, surveyed by Forbes magazine on July 7, learned BulgarianMilitary.com.
It is noted that Turkey deployed air defense in Syria and Libya to deter and protect against air strikes, including with the help of drones, which its competitors use in these war zones.
The Turkish military is increasingly involved in the civil war in Libya, where they support the UN-recognized Government of National Accord (GNA), based in the capital of Tripoli, which controls the west, against the Libyan National Army (LNA), General Khalifa Haftar, based in Benghazi and Tobruk that controls the east.
In Libya, Turkey deployed an impressive array of anti-aircraft missiles in the west of the country, and also achieved significant success in creating an “anti-aircraft bubble” around Tripoli.
Estimates of American and Turkish experts
According to the Washington Institute for Middle Eastern Policy: “The combination of mid-range Hawk MIM-23 missile systems manufactured in the USA, Hisar short-range SAM and Korkut anti-aircraft guns created multi-level protection over critical infrastructure and reduced the threat to GNA from unmanned aerial vehicles.”
“This protection, combined with an increase in the number of Turkish operators and equipment, has allowed Libyan government forces to increase the number and effectiveness of their unmanned operations,” the report said.
Turkish military analyst Metin Gurkan recently noted that “mid-altitude and high-altitude air defense is vital for air supremacy on the Sirt al-Jufra axis, but remains a problem for Turkey, although it was ensured through the deployment of Hisar air defense systems in Libya” .
Gurkan further noted that the much more advanced high-altitude S-400s that Turkey acquired from Russia were not activated, but “there is no question” of the prospects of deploying these complex missiles to Libya.
About the strategic base of al-Baty
Turkey has also deployed two MIM-23 Hawk batteries at al-Batuy airbase. They did not appear to be obstructing the July 3 air strike by unidentified military aircraft, although perhaps they were not yet fully tuned when the strike occurred.
According to the publication, a successful attack on al-Vatyya base, which was captured on May 18 from the LNA “as a result of the Turkish offensive,” led to the fact that the LNA lifted the siege of Tripoli, and the GNA went on the offensive.
Forbes notes that one Turkish official said the planes were Dassault Mirage fighters. If this is true, the publication argues, then most likely it was Mirage-2000 aircraft owned by the UAE, the key sponsor of the LNA.
The Arab weekly, on the other hand, quoted informed sources claiming that the planes were Dassault Rafale, not the Mirage. This would limit the attackers to either Egypt or France, both of which possess these multirole fighters and both support the LNA.
The immediate tasks of the parties to the conflict
Now the LNA is trying to prevent Turkey from establishing a base in Al-Vatyya and further strengthen its growing presence in the country by creating more zones protected by Turkish air defense in the west.
The goals of Turkey are to help the GNA forces capture the strategically important city of Sirte and the Al-Jufra region, including the eponymous air base, where, according to the publication, MiG-29 and Su-24 combat aircraft have been in operation since May.
Turkish air defense
In addition to the controversial purchase from Russia of S-400 air defense systems, which have not yet been activated, Turkish air defense is mainly represented by short- and medium-range installations that are outdated.
This year, the United States did not deploy Patriot complexes in Turkey. The only NATO country to deploy a Patriot battery in Turkey this year is Spain.
Ankara deployed its own MIM-23 anti-aircraft missiles in Idlib and on the base of al-Baty, but this system is much older and much less effective than the PAC-3 Patriot.
Libyan civil war
In Libya, armed clashes are currently taking place between supporters of different leaders. The country is led by the Government of National Accord (GNA), headed by Prime Minister Fayez Saraj, the “eastern government” led by Abdullah Abdurrahaman at-Thani.
The eastern government is supported by the commander of the Libyan National Army, Khalifa Haftar.
Recall that January 13 in Moscow, negotiations were held between the heads of the Libyan National Army (LNA) Khalif Haftar and the Government of National Accord (GNA) Faiz Sarraj. Also present were members of the Foreign Ministries of Russia and Turkey.
On the meeting the commander of the Libyan National Army (LNA), Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar, has notified Russia about the conditions for continuing negotiations on the signing of a peace agreement in Libya.
According to the requirements of Haftar, the militias operating in Libya are required to surrender weapons in the period from 45 to 90 days. This process should be controlled by a special commission created by the LNA together with the UN.
Haftar also refused to recognize Turkey as an intermediary in resolving the situation in Libya, since the Turkish side is not neutral and supports the Government of National Accord (GNA).
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