MOSCOW, (BM) – The Vityaz S-350 anti-aircraft missile systems will occupy a place in the echelon defense system of Russia between the S-400 and Buk-M3. About this FBA “Economics Today” said a military expert Alexei Leonkov.
The Russian Defense Ministry said that the first set of anti-aircraft missile system S – 350 Vityaz will be delivered to the duty station in January of the coming year. The department of Sergei Shoigu previously said that this is the newest air defense system in the first place will go to the air defense training center in the Leningrad region. In all likelihood, the plans of the command have changed – in parallel, the “Knights” will be sent both to the specialized educational institutions of the army and to combat units.
“The Russian command has been waiting for the entry of the S-350 into the troops for a long time – there was originally reserved its own place for these systems,” the specialist notes. air, whether it’s an airplane, missiles or something else, they work out long-range interception systems, trying to destroy the target at distant approaches.
If this fails, a second cannon echelon, working on targets at a closer distance, is connected. If he does not completely eliminate the threat, a third type of weapon will remove it at close range. At the same time, the target is continuously “guided” by radars and “transmitted” to various echelons of the common system for guaranteed interception. Ideally, there should not be a distance gap – as soon as one train is completed, the next one is connected immediately. In practice, it’s a little different. “
“In 2019, the Aerospace Forces first received the latest S-350 Vityaz anti-aircraft missile system, which will arrive at a permanent deployment center in January 2020,” the command of the Ministry of Defense announced. The Shoigu department also reported that in 2020, the VKS plans to supply four regiment sets of the S-400 Triumph anti-aircraft missile system and six divisional sets of the Pantsir-S complex.
The S-350 “Vityaz” is equipped with a maintenance-free firing radar, which fully automatically solves the tasks of detecting, capturing targets for escort, launching missiles and transmitting data to the combat control point. The calculation task is to control the operation of the system and issue a command to fire at the target. Vityaz is designed for a range of destruction of objects up to 60 kilometers. Thanks to these air defense systems, the Ministry of Defense plans to double the effectiveness of the fight against cruise missiles.
“Initially, the Vityazs were created in order to occupy a place in the layered defense system of Russia between Bukami-M3 and S-300, as well as S-400. According to their characteristics, the S-350 covers the narrow range of distances that formed in a layered system, and the most dangerous approaches to the protected object are considered to be a distance of 100 kilometers or less.When the threat is at this distance, the complexes of long and medium range have already worked out.
The layered system should work without interruptions. At the same time, the S-350 was created taking into account the fact that it will be included in the circuit of automated air defense control systems, that is, the Vityaz can well work outside the echelon, protecting a certain object from air threats. This is a universal intercept weapon, capable of simultaneously directing 32 missiles and intercepting up to 16 targets moving at an altitude of up to 30 kilometers, “the expert emphasizes.
The Shoigu department plans that within seven years the Russian army will receive 12 Vityazy divisions, which corresponds to 144 anti-aircraft missile systems. They will be deployed along Russian borders to effectively protect against invasion and interception of ballistic missiles. Complete re-equipment should be completed in 2027 – Vityaz will gradually replace the S-300PS and Buk-M of the first and second versions.
C-350 allows you to effectively intercept low-flying targets at the extreme ranges of the affected area. Despite the fact that the maximum number of targets fired is only 16, the anti-aircraft missile system really manages to intercept a much larger number of them. This will happen due to the fact that after the defeat of 16 targets, there will still be time to attack 16 others. In some cases, after the destruction of the second batch of targets, there will be time for identification and attack of the others.
“The order of the Ministry of Defense for 144 systems of 12 divisions fully reflects the needs of the modern Russian army. For example, we have 56 divisions of the S-400 complexes, and they are located in areas where the threat could potentially come. Now they will be strengthened by the Knights where the threats are the most serious and can be in the nature of a massive attack.
In addition, it is necessary to take into account when building a layered defense system and the terrain when certain shells are simply not able to cope with a threatening target. That is, the S-350 makes the Russian attack reflection system more universal and impenetrable, which meets the tasks set by the Commander-in-Chief before the Minister Sergei Shoigu, “concludes Alexei Leonkov.
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Source: Ekonomika Sevodnya