Russian warships carried out day and night firings in the Black Sea

The Black Sea Fleet’s combat ship detachment recently engaged in a comprehensive day and night training exercise, the Russian MoD announced. The mission aimed to ensure marine safety along the busy commercial shipping lanes of the Black Sea. 

Russian Black Sea Fleet activated all of its missile launchers
Photo credit: Reddit

In the initial phase of the exercise, the patrol ship crews simulated methods to detect and neutralize enemy unmanned aerial vehicles [UAV]. Utilizing the ship’s onboard artillery, the target – representing the adversary’s UAV – was successfully ‘destroyed.’ 

During the subsequent phase, crew members strategized on eliminating multiple ‘enemy’ UAVs. Surveillance data attributes indicated the presence of hostile Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement [BEC] entities in the mission zone. The response was swift; the ships’ artillery successfully obliterated these targets. 

Russia puts Resurs anti-aircraft weapon on Project 22160 warships
Photo credit: Wikipedia

To bolster the ship personnel’s combat readiness, artillery firing, and bombardment exercises were conducted at varying times of the day. This comprehensive training is aimed at preparing crew members to react effectively under diverse conditions. 

Post the exercise, the Black Sea Fleet crews resumed their key commitment to safeguarding the Black Sea and the bustling trade routes it contains. This continuous vigilance ensures the steady flow of maritime commerce in this vital region.

Russian Black Sea Fleet in brief

The Russian Black Sea Fleet is a significant component of the Russian Navy, with a variety of ships from different classes. One of the most notable is the ‘Admiral Grigorovich’ class frigate, which is armed with Kalibr-NK cruise missiles, A-190 100mm artillery systems, and anti-submarine warfare equipment.

The fleet also includes the ‘Buyan-M’ class corvettes, which are small, versatile ships armed with Kalibr-NK cruise missiles. They are designed for operations in the littoral zone and can deal with air, surface, and underwater threats.

Submarines are an essential part of the fleet as well, with the ‘Improved Kilo’ class being the most prevalent. These diesel-electric submarines are equipped with torpedoes and Kalibr-NK cruise missiles, providing a significant underwater threat.

Russian FMF gets the frigate Admiral Golovko, armed with Kalibr-NK
Photo by Yuri Smityuk

Additionally, the fleet includes ‘Admiral Makarov’ class frigates, armed with Shtil-1 medium-range surface-to-air missile systems, 100mm A-190 artillery, and Paket-NK anti-submarine warfare systems.

Lastly, the ‘Ropucha’ class large landing ships are a part of the Black Sea Fleet. These ships are designed for beach landings and are armed with AK-725 57mm dual-purpose guns and Strela-2 surface-to-air missiles.

The goal

The purpose of conducting day and night firings of the Russian Black Sea Fleet is multifaceted. Firstly, it is a critical part of military training and readiness. These exercises simulate real combat situations, allowing the fleet to test and improve their tactical skills, accuracy, and speed in response to potential threats.

Secondly, these exercises serve as a demonstration of Russia’s military capabilities. By conducting these firings, Russia can showcase its naval strength and technological prowess, which can serve as a deterrent to potential adversaries.

Thirdly, these training exercises are crucial for the defense of Black Sea trade routes. The Black Sea is a significant commercial hub, with numerous countries depending on its trade routes for economic activities. By conducting these exercises, the Russian Black Sea Fleet ensures that it is ready to protect these routes from potential threats.

Lastly, these firings also provide an opportunity for the Russian Black Sea Fleet to test new equipment and technologies under different conditions. This helps to identify any potential issues or areas for improvement, ensuring that the fleet remains at the forefront of naval warfare technology.

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