Production of new chassis for Tor-M2 and Buk-M3 SAMs has begun
MOSCOW, RUSSIA — In Russia, the production of new tracked chassis for the Tor-M2 and Buk-M3 air defense systems has begun. Press release of the machine plant in Mytishchi announces this in a statement. The machine plant is part of the Kalashnikov concern.
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On January 18, the management of the plant announced that the state orders for 2022 are fulfilled. BulgarianMilitary.com notes that government orders include those intended for export. The press release does not inform how many of the orders completed for 2022 are for the domestic market and how many are for abroad.
Kalashnikov has announced that it is starting the production of tracked chassis for Tor-M2 and Buk-M3 for 2023 and 2024. They are also part of the government orders, they say in Kalashnikov. In parallel with this production, the production of spare parts needed for the Tor-M2 and Buk-M3 also began. Kalashnikov also announced that the plant is starting to repair the chassis of air defense systems returned from the front.
Capital and losses
The Kalashnikov concern does not say what the company’s financial data are for 2022. Most likely, practice indicates that they will be announced by the middle of this year. However, the company published the financial results of the machine plant for 2021.
In 2021, the authorized capital of the Mytishchi Machine-Building Plant is USD 30.5 million [2.1 billion rubles]. For the same year, the company has no profit, but a loss, which is estimated at 1.7 million USD [116.8 million rubles].
Tor-M2 and Buk-M3
The two anti-aircraft missile systems are of Soviet design, developed and put into service in the 1980s. The Tor-M2 is a short-range missile system, while the Buk-M3 is a medium-range missile system. Both systems are designed to counter aircraft, helicopters, unmanned aerial vehicles, cruise missiles, and smart-bombs.
Besides being developed for ground artillery, the Tor-M2 and Buk-M3 have naval versions. Tor-M2 has an operational range of up to 12 km. The Buk-M3 has a maximum range of 70 km, but it often depends on the aerial target.
Tor-M2 and Buk-M3 fire missiles at different speeds. The speed of a missile fired by the Tor-M2 is a maximum of Mach 2.5. With the other system, the rocket reaches Mach 8.8 maximum speed. The height at which the two missiles can operate is different. The Tor-M2 missile flies at a maximum height of 6,000 meters. The equivalent missile in the Buk-M3 system reaches a maximum height of 35,000 meters.
Buk-M3 vs HIMARS in Ukraine
The Buk-M3 is a strategically important anti-aircraft missile system for the Russian armed forces in Ukraine. According to Russian reports from the Ministry of Defense in 2022, the Buk-M3 is the system that counters the US HIMARS missile system delivered to Ukraine.
In November, a Russian soldier operating a Buk-M3 gave an interview to Izvestia. He says the Buk-M3 radar can track the location of a HIMARS system if the system fires three missiles at a certain interval. I.e. Buk-M3 tracks the trajectory of the missile launched by HIMARS. In this way, a portion of the Buk-M3’s 36 tracking channels are engaged and the system extrapolates the exact location of the launcher.
However, Russian soldiers have repeatedly said that the most difficult target they have to deal with in Ukraine is the HIMARS.
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