Russian Tu-22 fired an anti-ship missile at a residential building

KYIV, UKRAINE — A new Russian missile attack was carried out on January 14 over several cities in Ukraine. In the attack, Russia used missiles from the S-300/S-400 systems, Kalibr cruise missiles, Kh-101/Kh-555 missiles, Kh-22 air-based cruise missiles and Kh-59 missiles. 25 missiles were shot down. This is claimed by the Twitter account of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Ukrainian President Mr. Volodymyr Zelensky shared a video on Twitter of a destroyed residential building in the Ukrainian city of Dnipro. The video footage was recorded by a drone above the building. In his account, Mr. Zelensky said all services in the city were operating and the area of the destroyed building was being cleared of debris.

At the same time, the Twitter profile of the Livemap site, which reports live on what is happening in the conflict zones around the world, claims in its Twitter account that the destroyed building in Dnipro was hit by an anti-ship missile Kh-22.

Why using AShM for ground targets is wrong

BulgarianMilitary.com cannot confirm whether the Kh-22 missile hit a building intentionally or as a result of an error. If it is intentional – then we leave this without comment, as innocent lives have suffered for no reason.

Russian VKS will receive modernized Tu-22M3M long-range bombers
Photo credit: Wikipedia

However, our analyst explained why the missile hit the building if it was due to a mistake. I.e. the target was something other than the building. According to our analyst, the use of an anti-corruption missile for such a purpose explains the inaccuracy. According to the analysis, such types of missiles fly to a pre-programmed target. As they approach the area where the target is located, the missile starts using radar.

When the radar finds a target, the missile is directed toward it. I.e. not necessarily the right target. I.e. this explains why anti-ship missiles are called that when they have to seek a target in an open sea area, not a target in a densely populated residential area.

Intentional use

As mentioned earlier, BulgarianMilitary.com has no way of knowing the motives for using the anti-ship missile to strike the residential building. If the target was different, but due to a mistake the missile hit the building, we have already explained it.

Russian Tu-22 fired an anti-ship missile at a residential building
Photo credit: Weapons parade

But there is another possibility. The Russian military knows better than we do how this type of missile is used and under what conditions. The explanation is that the Russian pilot knew that such a missile would hit “some” building in the Dnieper and fired it. I.e. firing it may have been the result of an order rather than a mistake.

About Kh-22 missile

The Kh-22 missile is a Soviet Cold War-era anti-ship missile. It was developed in the 1960s. It is still in service with the Russian Federation. According to a preliminary estimate, one such missile costs about 1 million USD.

The missile has a wingspan of 300 cm and is powered by a single R-201 Liquid-fuel rocket. The maximum operational range of the missile is 600 km. It is launched from Tu-22M, Tu-22K, and Tu-95K22 bombers. The rocket flies up to 27 km high. Its maximum speed is Mach 4.6.

The missile warhead can be different. Most commonly, however, Russia puts 1,000 kg [2,205 lb] of RDX or 350–1,000 kt [1.5–4.2 PJ] thermonuclear weapon.

2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

On 21 February 2022, Russia claimed that Ukrainian shelling destroyed an FSB facility. This building was on the Russia Ukraine border. Russia claims that it had killed 5 Ukrainian soldiers. They tried to cross into Russian territory. Ukraine denied being involved in both incidents and called them a false flag.

On the same day, Russia formally recognized the self-proclaimed DPR and LPR as independent states. Trying to protect them, Putin ordered Russian troops, including tanks, to enter the regions.

On 24 February 2022, Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered an invasion of Ukraine by Russian Armed Forces previously concentrated along the border. The invasion followed by targeted airstrikes of military buildings in the country, as well as tanks entering via the Belarus border.

Ukraine 'uses' 30 US fighters, incl F-35 and AWACS in the war
Photo credit: Emilio Morenatti/AP

Russia has so far not recognized the invasion of Ukraine as a “war”, although that is exactly what it is, claiming that it is a “special military operation”. According to the UN, in which Russia has its permanent representation, for military action to be defined as a “special military operation”, it must have a resolution issued by the UN. There is no such resolution, which automatically defines the military actions of the Russians as an invasion and war against the citizens of Ukraine.

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