Pakistan has begun production of the sixth Hangor-class sub
ISLAMABAD ($1=225.56 Pakistani Rupees) — Eight Hangor-class diesel-electric submarines will complete the Pakistan Navy’s fleet. The Hangor class of submarines are Chinese, developed for the needs of Pakistan. According to the bilateral agreement between China and Pakistan, four of the eight submarines will be built by China, and the remaining four by Pakistan.
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The Pakistani contractor for the project is Karachi Shipyard & Engineering Works [KSE]. Media reports that a ceremony was held at KSE for the first Pakistan-built Hangor class submarine, i.e. the fifth of the eight. The ceremony also included cutting the first steel for the next submarine, ie. the sixth.
8 billion USD will cost the Pakistani Ministry of Defense to produce and acquire the eight submarines. Hangor-class submarines are an attack submarine class. Their displacement is 2,800 tons and they are 76 meters long. The maximum speed of the submarine is 20 knots. Hangor submarines have six 533mm torpedo tubes. The weapons with which the submarines will be armed are Babur 3 submarine-launched cruise missiles, YJ-82 anti-ship missiles, and Yu-6 torpedoes.
The paradox of this case is that China has not yet delivered the flagship submarine of the class. Beijing was supposed to deliver the flagship submarine to Islamabad by the end of 2022. The Hangor class submarines became the export version of China’s Type-039A/041 [Yuan] class submarines.
Chinese representatives of China Shipbuilding Trading Company [CSTC] were also present during the ceremony in Pakistan. This company is the executor of the project from the Chinese side. They have taken responsibility for their Pakistani counterparts to secure the necessary resources. Pakistan should have eight submarines by the end of 2028.
The Hangor class submarines became the export version of China’s Type-039A/041 [Yuan] class submarines. Pakistan agreed to purchase eight of these diesel-electric submarines in April 2015.
The Pakistan Navy currently has three VNEU-powered Agosta-90B class submarines and two conventional Agosta-70 project diesel-electric submarines.
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