New T-90s for Russia: 125mm gun, HE ammo, missiles, space nav
MOSCOW, ($1=63.74 Russian Rubles) — The Russian army is waiting for the new batch of T-90M Proryv tanks, which yesterday [May 17] left the production facilities of Uralvagonzavod [Nizhny Tagil] and set off by train as intended by the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. A video distributed by Uralvagonzavod shows the loaded tanks. Most likely, the new combat armored vehicles will be at the front in Ukraine.
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The T-90M is an updated version of the T-90, but the designers and engineers at Uralvagonzavod say the tank has undergone so many upgrades that it can be considered a completely separate and new product.
In mid-April, Ukrainian military intelligence claimed that Uralvagonzavod had stopped production of T-90 and T-14 tanks due to economic sanctions imposed by Western countries as a result of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. Rising prices for materials and components, declining interest rates on loans, and lack of foreign currency funds to service loans were the reasons Ukrainian intelligence pointed out. Similar allegations were made by Washington.
Т-90М Proryv vs. T-90
According to the designers from Uralvagonzavod, the new T-90M Proryv tank has received a more powerful engine. The standard configuration of the T-90 is powered by a 12-cylinder V-92S2 that provides 1,000 horsepower, while the new version of the tank gets 130 horsepower more power due to the 12-cylinder new V-92S2F engine.
The basic armament has not really changed. Both tank modifications use a 125mm 2A46M smoothbore gun, but the T-90M is a 2A46M-5 model. 2A46M-5 provides the use of new high-power ammunition, as well as a guided missile that allows you to destroy enemy tanks at a distance of up to five kilometers. The secondary armament consists of a 12.7mm Kord Heavy machine gun, and 7.62mm PKMT in both tanks.
One of the main upgrades received by the T-90M is the ability of the tank to have autonomous functions, ie. real-time data exchange with other vehicles. The tank has improved optical sights: a new PNM Sosna-U gunner sight, four video cameras that provide 360-degree coverage, new day and night optical sights, including a thermal camera that detects enemy targets at 3,300 meters.
Last but not least, the T-90M has integrated Russian space navigation GLONASS, as well as inertial navigation systems [INS]. The armor is significantly enhanced by the use of Relikt explosive reactive armor [ERA] that covers more of the tank.
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