Most likely, Russia tests the Iranian Bavar 373 SAM in Ukraine

PANAGYURISHTE, ($1=1.81 Bulgarian Levs) — The British Guardian claims that through Iranian arms smuggling networks, Tehran is supplying Moscow with RPGs, Brazilian missiles, and the Iranian-made Bavar 373 anti-aircraft missile system. The Guardian cites information from regional intelligence services, including Iraqi militias.

Iran introduced an air defense system analogous to the current S-300 and S-400
Photo credit: Defence-blog

Iran’s Bavar 373 air defense system is based on the Russian S-300. After the collapse of the Soviet Union and many years of arms embargoes in the West, Tehran has found an ally and friend in Moscow. Together with Armenia, the three countries form the so-called Caucasian wasp. Although the Iranian military uses mostly local military hardware, Tehran continues to buy some Russian weapons systems.

In 2011, Tehran built the first working prototype of the Bavar 373. Years of testing and adjustments followed. Thus, in 2019, the complete and fully operational air defense system Bavar 373 was presented to the general public. In 2020, the Iranians used the Bavar 373 for the first time during a military exercise.

Given that one of the pillars of the Russian defense industry is the production of anti-aircraft missile systems, it is hard to imagine that Moscow is experiencing difficulties in this area. Therefore, it is quite logical to assume that Russia has an agreement with Iran to test the Bavar 373 in real combat conditions.

Iran unveils the two-silo AD-200 SAM firing Sayyad-4 Mach 5 missile
Photo credit: The Times of Israel

Of course, the battlefield of Ukraine is more appropriate for Iran than that of Syria. First, we have two warring parties, while in Syria, Israeli F-16s and F-35s often have to launch missile strikes on Iranian targets near Damascus. Understandably, Tehran wants to raise Bavar 373 in conditions where the skies over Ukraine are controlled by Russia and the only targets for interception by the Iranian system are Ukrainian missiles.

More about Bava-373 missile system

According to the technical data and characteristics provided, the Bavar-373 is an air-to-ground missile system with a long-range. The system has two missile silos, each loaded with the Iranian Sayyad-4 missile, which flies approximately 27 km. height and has a range of about 300 km. According to Iranian experts, the missile system serves not only to intercept aircraft but also to destroy ballistic missiles. From the information provided, it is clear that the entire anti-aircraft missile system is built and propelled by an 8×8 truck, with the missile silos mounted in the rear axle of the vehicle.

Iran unveils the two-silo AD-200 SAM firing Sayyad-4 Mach 5 missile
Photo credit: Army Recognition

Iran unveiled the Bavar-373 missile systems [AD-200 is supposed to be the export version of Bavaria-373] on October 22, 2020 during the Modafean Aseman Velayat 99 exercise. According to Iranian military engineers, the new Iranian system is in operation since last year can be compared in terms of features and functionality with those of the Russian Federation – S-300 and S-400.

The Modafean Aseman Velayat 99 is a military exercise taking place in Iran and involves almost all units of the Islamic Republic’s air defense forces, as well as parts of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps [IRGC]. It is characteristic of the exercise that it is held in half of the country, which makes it a really large-scale and nationwide exercise.


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