3M-54 Kalibr missile fired from the sea has hit Ukrainian military plant

MOSCOW, ($1=97.50 Russian Rubles) — After the Russian Ministry of Defense confirmed on March 19 that it had used the Kinzhal hypersonic missile in Ukraine, Major General Igor Yevgenyevich Konashenkov confirmed that Russia had used the Kalibr cruise missile.

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Kalibr cruise missile, photo credit: Vitaly Kuzmin

According to Konashenkov, Russian warships in the Caspian Sea have launched anti-ship, anti-submarine, and land-attack cruise missiles 3M-54 Kalibr hitting military infrastructure facilities of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. The use of the Kalibr cruise missile took place on the evening of March 19 and on the morning of March 20.

The Kalibr cruise missile destroyed repair shops and buildings belonging to a military repair plant in the city of Nezhinsk. BulgarianMilitary.com reminds us that this plant is used by the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine for the restoration of ground armored combat vehicles.

Konashenkov said a Russian warship in the Caspian Sea fired a 3M-54 Kalibr cruise missile, while a MiG-31 fired a Kh-47M2 Kinzhal hypersonic missile from the airspace over Crimea.

3M-54 Kalibr cruise missile

3M-54 Kalibr has been produced in Russia since 1990. So far, it has been confirmed that she took part in the civil war in Syria. According to the statement of the Russian Ministry of Defense, 3M-54 Kalibr is already receiving combat use in the war in Ukraine. The 3M-54 Kalibr is an anti-ship, anti-submarine cruise missile that can be launched from air, land, or sea.

Russia has developed four variants of the missile – 3M54K [a submarine-launched anti-shipping variant], 3M54T [an anti-shipping variant], 3M14K [SS-N-30A – an inertial guidance land-attack variant] and 3M14T [an inertial guidance land-attack variant]. Depending on the variant, the rocket weighs between 1,300 and 2,300 kg. All cruise missile variants use a 400-500 kg HE or thermonuclear warhead.

The Kalibr cruise missile is powered by a multi-stage solid-fuel rocket, turbojet engine and can develop a speed of 0.8 to nearly 3 Mach. Depending on the variant, the cruise missile has a different operational range. For example, some missiles for home use or for export hit targets from 50 to 200 km, but some developments currently, such as Kalibr-M, reach 4,500 km. The missile is equipped with a guidance system and internal guidance plus terminal active radar homing.

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