Russian 220mm thermobaric weapons spotted near Ukraine – sources

MOSCOW, ($1=83.82 Russian Rubles) — Russia’s thermobaric “vacuum bomb” was spotted by sources at on the outskirts south of Belgorod, Russia, near the border with Ukraine. The same information was shared by a reporter on the American television channel CNN. This 220mm thermobaric weapon is also called Buratino.

Russian 200mm thermobaric weapons spotted near Ukraine - sources
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The TOS-1 or TOS-1A multiple rocket launcher is capable of firing missiles with thermobaric warheads. So far, there is no evidence of the use of thermobaric weapons in the conflict in Ukraine.

These weapons do not use conventional ammunition. Instead, they are filled with high-temperature high-pressure explosives. They are sometimes called “vacuum bombs” because they absorb oxygen from the surrounding air, creating a powerful explosion and a large pressure wave, which can have devastating consequences.

According to Human Rights Watch, thermobaric weapons have been used in Chechnya with dire consequences. Their use has been condemned by several NGOs.

Russian 200mm thermobaric weapons spotted near Ukraine - sources
Photo credit: Inform Napalm


From the spread photo it can be seen that this is the older version of the TOS or TOS-1 systems. This means that this multiple rocket launcher and thermobaric weapon has 24-barrels for firing 24 missiles at a very short interval between shots.

TOS-1 is a product of engineers from the Soviet era. It has been in production and in use since the late 80s of the last century to the present day. There is a newer version – TOC-1A, which is produced from 2003 until today, but unlike its predecessor, TOC-1A has 30 rocket launchers.

TOS-1 is mounted on the chassis of a Russian T-72 tank. The caliber of the rocket launchers is 220 mm and can fire up to 24 missiles in 15 seconds. The crew of the weapon system consists of three people. It can hit targets at a distance of 500 to 3,500 meters.

Russia Plans to Unveil the New TOS-2 Heavy Flamethrower System Next Year
Photo credit: Reddit

TOS-1 is powered by a V-84 diesel engine providing a power of 840 hp and 630 kW. The maximum travel speed is up to 60 km / h and can cover a distance of 550 km with one refueling of the fuel tank.

TOS-1 has a rich history during its service in the Russian army. This thermobaric weapon system took part in the Russo-Afghan war, the second Chechen war, the Nagorno-Karabakh war, the war in Iraq, the war in Syria, the war in Donbas.


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