Britain may withdraw its nuclear submarines from Scotland
LONDON, ($1=0.72 British Pounds) – Britain has prepared a plan of action to move its nuclear submarines from bases in Scotland in case autonomy leaves the kingdom, learned BulgarianMilitary.com citing several media.
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According to the Financial Times (FT), citing sources familiar with the issue, one of the possible options is to send boats to the Devonport base near the city of Plymouth. As noted by the FT, citing a 2014 analysis of the Royal Joint Institute for Defense Research, such a step could cost 3-4 billion pounds, RIA Novosti reports.
The second option is to send submarines to bases in the United States or France. Such a decision, sources said, would be the least costly for the treasury, but it could negatively affect defense sovereignty.
Under the third option, the UK is considering a long-term lease of the current Royal Navy bases in Faslane and Coulport, in Scotland, in which case the kingdom will enter into negotiations with Scotland to endow the bases with the status of British overseas territories. This option, according to some government officials, would be the most realistic, the newspaper writes. However, the Scottish National Party is in favor of the withdrawal of the nuclear arsenal from the territory of the region in the event of independence.
According to the newspaper, the Ministry of Defense said that they did not plan to move the nuclear arsenal from Scotland.
$ 4.8 million in British taxes goes to smarter missiles
As we reported in July this year in the next two years, Britain will develop a new, smarter, and next-generation missile system. $ 4.8 million (£ 3.5 million) of British taxes will be invested in developing the systems.
The design and development were assigned to the Defense Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl). The project is part of a massive increase in the Kingdom’s defense budget over the next four years by nearly $ 33 billion (£ 24 billion). Nearly $ 10 billion (£ 6.6 billion) has been earmarked from this increase in R&D.
The new missile system, which is expected to be developed, known as the Cooperative Demonstration Technological Weapon Demonstrator (CSWTD), must operate autonomously, allowing it to be coded and electronically communicating with other weapon systems. The British Ministry of Defense expects the new system to give greater flexibility to the missiles, more precise and timely response to the detection of a specific threat, and work in all weather conditions.
“Drawing on the vital expertise of our Dstl scientists, innovative new missile systems will enhance our current capabilities as Defense adapts to meet future threats,” said Jeremy Quinn, the Kingdom’s Minister of State (Minister for Defence Procurement). “With an investment into research and development, this project highlights the central role of science and technology playing in informing how our assets operate,” he added.
The CSWTD project will upgrade existing software and hardware, both with the launch platform and the communication between the missiles themselves, to conduct hundreds of studies on communication between the missiles themselves.
The stabbing technology is new and the United States is the first in this field. As we wrote recently, Washington has begun to develop flocks of missiles to communicate during flight and before striking a target. This program in the United States is called the Golden Horde Vanguard and began two years ago in the United States.
The principle of operation is as follows – a group or swarm of bombs perform coordinated actions by sharing measurements of the location of the target and combine the information of each bomb into one, which reduces the possibility of error for the exact location of the enemy target.
With this program, the US Air Force is trying to change the rules of the game. Assuming that at the time of battle all weapon systems are pre-programmed, the risk of unforeseen action by the enemy to destroy these systems is high. However, the use of network weapons implies that they do not have a pre-drawn plan, but prepare it during the battle in real-time, thus overcoming the surprising actions of the enemy.
The US Air Force recently tested a similar interaction between small-diameter bombs. The lab says the tests were successful, but there is still no complete picture of the program’s capabilities to say it will be launched or integrated into the US Air Force.
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