Who controls the battlefield information? It’s Russia, Pentagon said
WASHINGTON, (BM) – An expert report prepared by the Pentagon’s Joint Artificial Intelligence Center assesses Russia’s capabilities in the field of artificial intelligence and information capabilities on the battlefield. According to the analysis, the rapid pace at which Moscow is developing technologies in these areas is not accidental but the result of an experience in Syria and Ukraine.
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“The Russian military is more technologically advanced than the U.S. realized and is rapidly developing artificial intelligence capabilities to gain battlefield information advantage,” the report said.
However, analysts see a problem that plays a significant role in the fact that the Russians are not ahead of the world in this area. State-owned enterprises and government funding are the reason for the “financial capsule” that cannot “unleash” Russia’s potential. Russia has a solid military defense industry, but the money is concentrated in the state, not in the industry, the report said.
According to Sam Bendet, one of the report’s authors, Russia has interests in the Indo-Pacific Ocean, and Russian technology developed after 2009 will become more advanced and technological.
Information against brute force
Estimates in the report show that Russia already has a radically different mindset from known so far. Russian military developments are looking for opportunities to provide information to their soldiers to protect their lives and equipment—something significantly different from the previous Russian strategy – everything and rough on the battlefield.
According to the Pentagon, Russia’s progress in this area is in the analysis that Moscow has made in recent years based on military conflicts around the world. The Russian army is trying to coordinate the actions of various structures through artificial intelligence. Moreover, the report says Russians are using artificial intelligence to analyze the changing geopolitical environment instantly.
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Moscow believes that the biggest threat to its territorial integrity is an airstrike by the United States. For this reason, in recent years, artificial intelligence has been developed mainly in air defense and attacks, such as air defense systems and fighters. According to Bennett, the Russians are developing powerful processors, believing that the more powerful they are, the faster they will process the information.
“A lot of Russian efforts in AI, military autonomy are geared toward how they can best counter the U.S. threat perception,” Bennett said in the report.
Syria has shown the future of Russia
The Pentagon provides more information about the actions of the Russians in Syria than the Russians themselves. The Americans say the Russians have flown more than 23,000 drones over Syria for a total of 140,000 flight hours. And these data are only until mid-2018.
This fact, the report says, is proof that Russia is beginning to invest heavily in the autonomy of its weapons systems. Robotic machines are Russia’s future, and they understand that very well.
But the Russians are not limited to this information. They develop robots and drones, trying to change their functionality. Unmanned underwater drones and torpedoes are evidence of this. Unmanned autonomous aircraft that interact with air, water, and ground technologies and draw information from the fifth domain also support these facts.
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“The combination of the use of different types of uncrewed and unmanned systems, along with countermeasures against those systems, is going to be where Russians will put a lot of their research, development, testing and evaluation emphasis going forward,” Bendett said.
An unknown quantity – the role of man
According to the Pentagon, Moscow is currently facing the following problem – man’s role in this changing military environment focused on the moral factor.
Putin believes, the report says, that future robotic systems with artificial intelligence will be “servants of humans” but controlled by them. These are pretty contradictory statements by the Russian head of state against the fact that the Russian industrial weapons complex is developing technologies entirely controlled by artificial intelligence.
“What appears missing from the conversation is a way to balance the two views. It is not clear in Russian military thinking where human control would end and where independent AI-enabled action would begin,” the report stated.
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