Fierce clashes along the Ethiopia-Sudan controversial border

BEIRUT, (BM) – The Lebanese newspaper Al-Masdar News, which is known for its pro-Syrian publications and support for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, wrote in its article that violent clashes occurred between the Sudanese and Ethiopian armies on the border between the two countries.

According to a field source, the Ethiopian soldiers started the provocation, which forced the Sudanese army to respond to this provocation. The fighting took place in the Birkat Noreen area, with Ethiopian soldiers entering Sudanese territory and killing a Sudanese soldier.

As a result of the tension, there are severe casualties on the part of Ethiopian soldiers. Dozens of Ethiopian army members had killed, and twice as many were wounded.

Tensions on the border have escalated in recent weeks. The American edition Bloomberg reported that the Ethiopian army had deployed heavy armored vehicles and tanks on its border with Sudan. Bloomberg provided this information, citing a source without mentioning his name.

Why are Ethiopia and Sudan in conflict?

Ethiopia and Sudan, according to the border that separates the two countries. The borderline between the two countries is long – almost 1600 km. This dispute has been going on since the 19th century.

For many years, Sudan was a country under the rule of the British Empire. In those years, there was no clear line between Ethiopia and Sudan. It was not until the early 20th century (1902) that the British Empire decided to delineate these boundaries. The problem is that the British Empire is doing this without the other country, Ethiopia.

In those years, the delineation of this type of border was done by marking geographical forms – rivers, trees, mountains. And when Sudan achieved its independence in 1956, the state decided to support armed groups along the border outlined years ago. These are mainly the Eritrean Liberation Front and the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front.

At the same time, after Sudan supported the groups we mentioned above, Ethiopia supported the armed forces in southern Sudan known as Anya Nya. Ethiopia’s action provoked a civil war in Sudan that lasted for almost 20 years – from 1955 to 1972.

There have been several attempts at peace between the two countries over the years. The most famous was in 1972 when the two warring parties’ governments exchanged notes on resolving their border problems. However, this attempt failed.

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