Turkey launched the first frigate built in the country
ANKARA, (BM) – At the Turkish STM shipyard, a ceremony was held for the Istanbul-class ship’s launch – the first missile frigate built in Turkey – and the keel’s laying under the third Jinnah-type frigate, the Pakistani Navy, learned BulgarianMilitatary.com citing Defence24. This step is another positive effect of the MILGEM program. Turkey produced four Ada-class corvettes at Turkish shipyards, and the construction of four TF-2000 anti-aircraft destroyers is planning.
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The launching ceremony for the first Turkish frigate “Istambul” F-515 [type “I”] was on January 23, 2021, at the STM shipyard in Istanbul. Turkey gave the whole event the highest rank. Therefore, the President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Defense Minister Hulusi Akar, and the Turkish armed forces’ highest commanders personally took part. Thus, the launching became only an addition to the propaganda ceremony, the purpose of which was to show the successes of the Turkish defense industry.
This media success was even more significant as the launching had combined with the keel’s symbolic laying under the third of the four Jinnah-type frigates commissioned by Pakistan. These frigates developed as a part of the national ship MILGEM [Milli Gemi – national ship] project implementing in Turkey since 2004. Its assumption was the consistently implemented construction of twelve combat ships, in three classes [corvette, frigate, and destroyer], four units each based on the same basic design.
The MILGEM program
President Erdogan spoke personally about the progress made in Turkey in an occasional speech. He emphasized that the Turkish industry can already meet its own needs in ships and combat vehicles and allied countries. Erdogan also recalled that Turkey is currently one of the first four countries globally in unmanned aerial vehicles and armed drones.
The Turkish industry is also able to undertake the construction of such complex vessels as submarines. According to Erdogan, the first of its six submarines should commission in 2022. In this way, Turkey was to become one of ten countries that could design, build and maintain all the warships it needed.
This desire is evidencing by the type “I” frigate built in Turkish shipyards and equipped with Turkish equipment. The ADVENT ship’s command and control system has been developed by, e.g., the Havelsan concern. The sensors, in turn, were provided by Aselsan. Aselsan is also the creator of this weapon, which Turkey could not obtain due to the government’s sanctions in Ankara by the United States.
The Turkish Gokdeniz CIWS [35mm double-barreled cannon] and the Mk 41 type vertical launch rockets will replace the Phalanx direct defense artillery system. It is not known, however, who will supply the propulsion turbine and main gun.
The first steel
The “Istanbul” type “I” frigate [TF-100 project] was created under the MILGEM program and is an enlarged version of the Ada anti-submarine corvette. First of all, the number of tasks, the number of weapons taken, and autonomy increased. The ship is 113.2 m long, 14.4 m wide, has a displacement of 3,000 tons, a speed greater than 29 knots, and a crew of 123 people. The Ada type corvettes are 99.56 m long, 14.4 m wide, have a displacement of 2,400 tons, a speed of 30 knots, and a crew of 93 people.
The first steel cut on the “Istanbul” frigate took place on January 19, 2017, and the ceremonial keel laying was on July 3, 2017. However, the launching took place only in January this year. Turkish military assumes that this unit could be into service in 2021.
Turkey also tested a new torpedo
A successful test of a torpedo fired by the Turkish submarine TCG Gür S-357 had carried out on January 25th. The torpedo is called AKYA and is entirely Turkish made. According to preliminary information, Turkish military engineers began developing the torpedo in 2009.
AKYA is the result of an agreement between the Turkish government and Rocketsan. The other two parties to the contract are the Turkish Science and Technology Research Council and the Turkish Marine Research Center. According to Turkish sources, the torpedo is in the final stages of development, and expect it to finalize it this year.
Sources claim that AKYA will be nearly 7 m long with a diameter of 533 mm. The torpedo will develop a speed of 40 knots and strike at a distance of up to 15 km. The weight, experts predict, will be about a ton and a half. AKYA will rely on active and passive acoustic sonar.
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