What kind of weapons will Russia arm itself with in 2021?
WARSAW, (BM) – In 2021, the Russian armed forces will receive over 4,700 new and refurbished military equipment and plans to spend two-thirds of Russia’s military budget on purchasing these weapons, learned BulgarianMilitary.com citing Defence24. Thanks to these plans, 2022’s equipping units with the latest weapons exceed 71%.
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The Russian TASS agency provided data on purchasing military equipment to be implemented in the Russian army in 2021. They show that by the end of December this year. In the year, the Russian armed forces are to receive over 4,700 new and renovated military equipment.
Rocket troops of strategic purpose
In the case of strategic missile forces, this will translate into the commissioning of 13 launchers with “Jars” ICBM and “Avangard” hypersonic missiles. Additionally, the construction of appropriate infrastructure in Kozelsk, Jasny, Użrze, Novosibirsk, and Yoshkar-Ola is completed, especially for these systems. In this way, modern technology in strategic nuclear forces is rising to 88.3%.
Mobile launchers “Jars” are to be delivered to one of the Barnaul missile division regiments. In contrast, the silo version of these missiles will enter the service of the Kozielsk missile division. In the case of “Avangard” hypersonic rockets, they are to be received by one of the regiments of the Jasień missile division stationed near Orenburg. This regiment started combat service at the end of 2019, and by the end of 2021, plans to complete the squad with six fully operational, stationary silos.
An essential element in the modernization of strategic missile troops is the modernization of the infrastructure for testing the latest intercontinental missile systems. In the next twelve months, completed retrofitting of the test site near the town of Severo-Yenisei in Krasnoyarsk to try a new intercontinental missile, “Sarmat.”
They describe the Russian armed forces’ modernization plans, the TASS agency mentioned in second place not the land forces, but the Navy. It is directly related to the strategic deterrence system, securing nuclear submarines for their needs.
In 2021, as many as four such vessels should be into service. The Russian Navy is to receive two nuclear submarines with project 955A ballistic missiles of the “Boryi-A” (“Knyaz Oleg” and “Generalissimus Suvorov”) and two nuclear strike submarines with project 885M “Jasień-M” ( “Kazan” and “Novosibirsk”).
In total, as many as sixteen nuclear-powered submarines are currently under construction in Russian shipyards at the same time. In addition to six “Boryja-A” and eight “Jasieni-M,” two more nuclear submarines of project 09851 and project 09852 are delivered by 2027. They are to be primary carriers of unmanned strategic underwater vehicles with a nuclear warhead of the “Poseidon” type.
As for the surface forces, the Russian Navy is to receive a total of 28 vessels. The combat ships will most likely include one “Admiral Golowko” frigate (project 22350 of the “Admiral Gorshkov” type), two “Rietiwyj” and “Riezkij” corvettes (of the “Strieguszczyj” project 20380), and one minehunter “Yakov Balayev” (project 12700 type “Alexandrite”).
From the smaller vessels to Wojenmarkowo Fłota are to be transferred in 2021: one oceanographic vessel “Yevgeny Gorigliedżan” of project 02670, one large, hydrographic catamaran of project 23370G, two anti-diversion boats of project 21980 of the “Graconok” type, a ship – torpedo fisher of the new project TL- 2195, the logistic support vessel “Vsevolod Bobrow” of project 23120 and several other auxiliary cutters and boats.
By the end of 2021, a “significant number” of repaired ships and auxiliary units will return to their fleets, even after many years of repairs and modernizations. Among them will be, among others, the nuclear strike submarine “Tambov” of project 671RTMK, type “Szczuka,” delivered to the shipyard in 2015, and the nuclear strike submarine “Leopard” of the project 971 type “Szczuka-B.” Russia plans to complete the modernization and repair of the AS-36 “Biestier” underwater human-crewed vehicle belonging to the Northern Fleet.
In naval forces, a large project 775 landing ship, Aleksandr Shabalin, returns to the Russian Navy.
Air and Space Forces and Naval Aviation
Over the next twelve months, the Russians plan to introduce over a hundred new and modernized flying machines into their military aviation. They will include the four latest fifth-generation Su-57 multi-role fighters (the first such aircraft entered service in one of the Southern Military District’s aviation regiments in December 2020). The Russians boasted that the number of Su-57 fighters would increase to 22 in 2024 and to 76 in 2028 (i.e., not four – but more than ten per year).
The TASS agency did not announce the introduction of other types of new combat aircraft in 2021. Air Force’s training fleet will have Jak-152 light training aircraft for initial flight training. When it comes to combat aircraft, the Russians only indicated that in 2021:
- State tests of the modernized Tu-160M strategic missile bomber will begin, after which it will enter service. The aircraft, which made its first flight in February 2020, was equipped with new avionics, navigation systems, onboard communications, command, onboard radar, and a radio-electronic warfare system.
- Moscow will sign another contract with the Rostech corporation to construct modernized Su-34M front bombers. Under the earlier agreement, there are approximately 20 Su-34 aircraft for the Air and Space Force at various stages of production;
Quantitatively, the situation for helicopters will be better. Over the next twelve months, Russia plans to:
- introduce to the army the newest Mi-38 multi-role helicopters produced by the Russian Helicopters holding (part of the Rostiech corporation);
- complete preparation for serial production in the first half of this year of the Mi-26T2W heavy military transport helicopter;
- to introduce to the army the first ten Mi-8AMTSZ-WN transport and combat helicopters, securing the landing.
Simultaneously, the Russian military announced that the “Rostrum” aviation plant had started serial production of the Mi-28NM attack helicopters, modernized considering the experience gained during combat operations in Syria. According to plans, 98 such helicopters to be delivered to the Russian armed forces by 2027. As a result of the modernization, these helicopters received, among others, a new engine, avionics with a modernized aim and search system, and the possibility of interacting with drones. Mi-28NM helicopters will also receive new Hermes air-to-ground missiles with a range of up to 25 km.
According to TASS, the Russian land forces are to be supplemented by more than 400 armored vehicles, most of which will be refurbished machines. These include the following tanks: T-72B3M, T-80BWM, and T-90M “Pryp,” BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicles, and the modernized BMP-2 (with the “Bieriezok” unmanned combat module) and BTR-82A armored personnel carriers. In the case of the new generation of T-14 “Armata” tanks produced by the “Uralvagonzavod” plant, the Russians said that “serial deliveries” of these vehicles should start and that “training of their crews has already started at many military universities.”
The supplies’ primary beneficiaries are the armored and modernized military units of the Western Military District in Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Smolensk, Ivanovo, and Yaroslavl. They are to receive as many as 200 tanks, armored personnel carriers, infantry fighting vehicles, “Terminator” tank support combat vehicles and engineering machines, as well as training systems for training their crews. For example, the 2nd Guards Mechanized Division “Tamańska” stationed in the Moscow Region receives 18 “Chrizantema-S” self-propelled anti-tank missile systems.
In turn, the artillery units of the Southern Military District are to receive the newest self-propelled gun howitzers “Koalicja-SW,” modernized TOS-1A “Solnciepiek” thermobaric missile launchers (with increased range and accuracy). Russia also expects to start the experimental exploitation of a new type of ammunition for the latest self-propelled version, multi-lead thermobaric missile launcher – TOS-2 “Tosoczka.”
The Russians also hope to start mass production of solutions developed as part of the “Nabrosok” development work by the Central Research Institute “Burevestnik.” All this is to enable the introduction of the following units: the self-propelled howitzer on the “Malwa” wheeled chassis, the 80mm “Drok” self-propelled mortar, the 120mm “Floks” wheeled artillery system, and the 120mm “Magnolia” artillery system (based on the Arctic two-component tracked vehicle), which is to “significantly improve the effectiveness of direct fire support of land units on the battlefield.”
In the case of airborne troops, the Russians plan to start deliveries:
- the newest airborne armored vehicles with increased protection level “Typhoon-WDW” (equipped with a remotely controlled weapon position with a 30 mm automatic cannon and a 7.62 mm PKTM machine gun);
- a new communication and command system reduces transmitting and receiving information at all decision-making levels by at least half.
In 2021, the Russians plan to deliver two S-400 “Triumf” regimental anti-aircraft and long-range anti-aircraft systems and 18 “Pancyr-S” self-propelled anti-aircraft missile and artillery sets. Also, the Russian have to plan:
- completion of the research process for the newest S-500 “Promietiej” anti-aircraft system and its introduction into service;
- commencement of rearming the anti-aircraft missile units of the Central Military District, stationed in the Krasnoyarsk Territory and Khakassia, with the latest S-350 anti-aircraft system “Vityaz”;
- completion of the construction of the Voronezh early warning stationary radar in Vorkuta and its commissioning to experimental combat service;
- commencement of work on the construction of the Jachroma radar in Sevastopol and separate over-the-horizon radar posts in Kaliningrad and Zeja. This radar operates in four bands (meter, centimeter, decimeter, and millimeter) with a tight viewing angle of 270 degrees.
- introduction of a trial batch of reconnaissance and command machines for the “Gibka-S” tactical anti-aircraft systems;
New types of military weapons
In addition to the “traditional” new generation weapons systems, the Russians also announced plans to introduce entirely new classes of unmanned and remotely controlled weapons. Thanks to the broadly understood robotization, by the end of the year, Russian troops will include:
- multi-role unmanned aerial vehicles of long-range and high autonomy, armed with guided air-to-ground missiles, capable of attacking stationary and mobile targets
- small-size guided ammunition for UAV shock drones, the development of which has already ended is currently undergoing a trial operation and whose serial production expects to start this year
- test specimens of the self-propelled, remotely controlled ground platform “Marker”;
- the multifunctional MRK-RCBZ complex, which will include robotic ground platforms and unmanned aerial vehicles. It is to carry out the entire scope of work related to radiological, chemical, and biological reconnaissance (RCB) and to participate in eliminating the effects of the enemy’s use of weapons of mass destruction during war RCB accidents and disasters in peacetime.
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