Turkish S-400 is back at the negotiating table between Ankara and Washington

ANKARA, (BM) – Turkish S-400 is back at the negotiating table between Ankara and Washington. For almost two years now, Russia’s S-400 anti-missile systems have been the apple of military strife between Turkey and Washington. At the end of 2020, the United States and Turkey will sit at the negotiating table on the same issue.

Read more: Top 5 best anti-aircraft missile systems in the World

This time, as BulgarianMilitary.com has learned, citing information from Izvestia, the two countries are setting up a technical working group. The Turkish Foreign Minister’s statement confirmed this decision’s report, and both parties had already signed an agreement.

BulgarianMilitary.com reminds you that the idea of ​​creating such a working group is not alien to the Turks. On the contrary, even before the first deliveries of Russian S-400 anti-aircraft missile systems to Turkey, Ankara made this offer, but Washington rejected it. In the mid-2020, the United States did not want to solve the problem but decided to strain relations by threatening Turkey with economic sanctions.

The sanctions took effect on December 14th. Thus, the outgoing Trump administration has fulfilled its threats, although the US president himself has repeatedly expressed the view that such sanctions would not be fair. Turkey, for its part, has not accepted the economic sanctions imposed. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has stressed that US sanctions aim to destabilize Turkey’s military industry, gaining strength for the past five years.

Thus, after the United States imposed sanctions at the end of the year, Turkey confirmed its decision to purchase Russian S-400 anti-aircraft missile systems. Moreover, Turkey has already signed a new agreement with Russia to supply more batteries from the same missile systems. Ankara does not intend to stop there. Rumors in the defense industry and political circles are that Turkey is ready, and Russia agrees, the two countries to jointly produce the next generation of anti-aircraft missile systems – S-500.

“A joint working group with the United States on the S-400 has been set up, and technical negotiations have begun,” the Turkish Foreign Minister said at the end of the year. We remind you that the first deliveries of Russian S-400 anti-aircraft missile systems began in mid-2019.


Turkey is ordering Russian S-400 anti-aircraft systems, which are currently arguably the best in the world. Ankara’s action dictates that Washington offers its Patriot systems to the Turks, but at a significantly higher price than the Russian equivalent. As a result, Turkey was expelled from the US F-35 program, supplies of F-35 fighters were cut off, and the Turkish military, currently training in the United States, was returned home. A series of warnings have begun that the US will impose sanctions on Ankara for the purchase.

Read more: Turkey promises allies to protect secrets of S-400 defense system and F-35 fighter

The “threat of sanctions” process lasts nearly a year and a half and goes through its catharsis. The United States is threatening Turkey that sanctions will follow if the systems are delivered. They were delivered, but sanctions did not follow. The next moment, Washington tries to minimize “losses” by promising the Turks to return them to the F-35 program if they never activate Russian systems. This is also not the case, as Turkey is conducting at least three proven Russian S-400 systems within 12 months.

At one point, Washington tried to pit Ankara against Moscow by publishing a column from the defense budget for next year, which included the “purchase of the Turkish S-400.” Trump’s timid attempt to influence the Turkish decision, which Moscow welcomed with a single answer – “this cannot happen.”

Earlier this year, Turkey sought to reassure the two countries by ensuring that neither Russian nor American technology would be revealed. Ankara has repeatedly stated that the Turkish army will not integrate the S-400 into NATO’s collective defense, nor will it be set up to work with Western weapons technology.

At the end of the year, Turkey conducted the third test of Russian S-400 systems, publishing a missile launch video. This infuriated Washington even more, and lawmakers began writing texts about sanctions against Turkey, which were eventually imposing.

The consequences

They are massive for both sides. First, sanctions are an economic lever that Trump has begun to test on countries buying competing Russian weapons seriously. In some countries [poorer economies], they exert their influence and change the government’s attitudes, but in others [Turkey, India], they do not lead to the expected result. The Turkish lira is currently at shallow levels and is expecting to lose more value after US sanctions. This will inevitably lead to a downturn in the country’s economy amid the declining image of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

At the same time, it turns out that Lockheed Martin will lose nearly $ 900 million from Turkey’s ouster from the F-35 program. Ankara makes approximately 800 parts for US fifth-generation fighters, and the process of finding a new supplier at that price also affects F-35 sales worldwide. Only a month and a half ago, it became clear that despite Ankara’s “non-participation” in F-35 production, the Americans would continue to use their Turkish partners for at least the next two years.

Read more: Russian air defense systems S-400 Triumph took up combat duty in Turkey

What is S-400 anti-aircraft missile system?

S-400 Triumf, formerly known as S-300 PMU-3, is an anti-aircraft weapon system developed in the 1990s in Russia by the Almaz Central Design Bureau as a modernization of the S-300 family. It has been in service with the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation since 2007, the S-400 uses four missiles to fill its flight: very long-range 40N6 (400 km), long-range 48N6 (250 km), medium-range 9M96E2 (120 km) and short-range 9M96E (40 km). The S-400 was described by The Economist in 2017 as “one of the best air defense systems currently made.”

One system containing up to 8 divisions (divisions) can control up to 72 launchers, with a maximum of 384 missiles (including missiles with a range of less than 250 km (160 miles)). Missiles are launched using a gas system from launch tubes up to 30 meters into the air before the rocket engine ignites, which increases the maximum and reduces the minimum ranges. In April 2015, a successful rocket test bomb was conducted on a target air at a distance of 400 km (250 miles); Tels carrying a long-range 40N6 may only be able to hold two missiles instead of the typical four due to its larger size. Another test recorded a 9M96 missile using an active homing radar, reached an altitude of 56 km. All missiles are equipped with a warhead aimed at the explosion, which increases the likelihood of complete destruction of targets.

In 2016, Russian anti-aircraft missile troops received new guided missiles for the S-300 and S-400 air defense systems. Anti-aircraft missile system designed to destroy aircraft, cruise and ballistic missiles, it can also be used against ground targets. The S-400 is capable of intercepting cruise missiles in a range of about 40 km due to their low altitude paths.

96L6Y radar and equipment operate separately (100 meters), export version 96L6E2 have the ability to track a maximum of 100 targets. In mountainous areas, the system is resistant to false returns or clutter. Replaces radar for detecting low-level radar targets and conducting a sector radar survey. Omnidirectional for detecting all types of aircraft, including those with low observables (not against ballistic missiles). It can serve as a command post for the S-300 (SA20 / 20A / 20B) or S-400 divisions. 96L6-1 of the S-400 and S-500. The maximum height for detecting the target is 100 km and from all sides. You can use a special tower 966AA14. Detection ability against cruise missiles and stealth. He serves as a command post for battalions. Phased array radar and multipath.

Read more: Turkey made F-35 fighter ‘the first victim’ of Russia’s S-400 missile systems


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