Brazil plans to start developing and manufacturing a hybrid military aircraft
BRASILIA, (BM) – One of the largest airlines in the world – the Brazilian Embraer intends to begin development and production of a hybrid aircraft, which will have its military and civilian variety and will have the characteristic of short takeoff or STOUT, learned BulgarianMilitary.com.
Embraer presented its STOUT project in a short video presentation. According to the provided characteristics, the new hybrid aircraft will have an electric motor and visually approach the vision of the already famous and popular Brazilian aircraft Embraer C-390 Millennium. The company confirms that in addition to a military version, they plan to develop a civilian utility option in the future to support Brazilian aviation services locally and globally.
Currently, the Brazilian Air Force uses mostly light turboprop aircraft in this class and the new hybrid aircraft will have to “retire” the available Embraer EMB-110 Bandeirante and Embraer EMB-120 Brasilia. The new military aircraft, according to sources from the Brazilian Ministry of Defense, will also have light turboprop engines, but will also be equipped with electric motors that will be mounted on the wings of the aircraft.
However, the main advantage of the new military hybrid aircraft of the Brazilian Air Force will be the ability to take off and land on short runways. Something that currently the two aircraft – Embraer EMB-110 Bandeirante and Embraer EMB-120 Brasilia can not do. The hybrid liner, as it is already presented in South America, will have a T-shaped tail and a rear ramp for loading and unloading activities.
The Brazilian Ministry of Defense shared more information about the new aircraft. They will have to take off on a runway no longer than 1200 m, and land on a runway of similar length. The minimum permissible load with which they will have to take off / land and fly must be at least 3 tons, and the minimum permissible distance for transportation is not less than nearly 2400 km. The future military hybrid aircraft will also be able to perform airborne missions, and will be able to carry on board at least 24 paratroopers or 30 soldiers with full combat equipment.
Sources from the Blazil Ministry of Defense said that the aircraft will first be developed and built for loading and unloading activities, after which an additional airborne version will be built. According to them, there is an option for the aircraft to acquire a third variant in the coming years – the transportation of medical personnel as a specialized air hospital.
There are several reasons for the Brazilian company to focus on the production of this type of aircraft. First, it will significantly minimize costs. Also, the KOVID-19 pandemic around the world rejected Boeing’s intention to acquire the company, which puts it in bankruptcy. Also due to the coronavirus around the world, sales of aircraft of this brand have dropped dramatically.
Currently, there are various Embraer aircraft in service among the Brazilian army. We are talking about 64 aircraft type EMB-110, which are quite obsolete [38 years average – ed.] By the standards of the modern air force, and the other aircraft in service – EMB-120 is an average age of 27 years, but only 19 units of armaments among the Brazilian army.
New powerful Millennium KC-390 military aircraft will serve the Brazilian army
The Brazilian company Embraer on June 27 handed over to the Brazilian Air Force the third Millennium KC-390 military transport aircraft. Airplane with rn FAB-2855 landed at Anapolis airbase at 16:35 local time.
The acceptance procedure for the new KC-390 took place from May 4 to June 26, 2020. It was attended by the Flight Research and Testing Institute (IPEV), the Brazilian Air Force Coordinating Commission for Combat Aviation (COPAC – Comissao Coordenadora do Programa Aeronave de Combate), the Monitoring and Control Group (GAC-PAC), the Institute Trade Facilitation and Industrial Coordination (IFI), etc.
The new aircraft will be part of the 2nd air wing of the 1st transport aviation group (1 Grupo de Transporte de Tropa – 1 GTT), formed in 2018 in Anapolis. As planned, in the near future, the new KC-390 will begin to perform tasks for which two other aircraft are already being used. In particular, aircraft are currently used to transport patients and equipment to combat the COVID-19 pandemic.
According to TSAMTO, in May 2014, the Brazilian Air Force Combat Aviation Coordination Commission (COPAC) signed with Embraer a contract for the supply of 28 KC-390 aircraft and initial logistics support for ten years. The cost of the agreement is estimated at 7.25 billion riyals [3.26 billion dollars at the time of signing]. In the same month, an amendment to the contract was signed, providing for the delivery of two prototypes worth 72.86 million rials. Airplanes are assembled at an enterprise in Gaviao Peixiot (São Paulo). The new KC-390 will replace the Hercules C-130 / KC-130 turboprops that have been in service since the 1960s.
KC-390 is designed for transporting troops and cargo, landing, refueling airplanes and helicopters in the air, conducting search and rescue operations, medical evacuation, fire fighting, as well as supporting humanitarian missions. It is possible to equip the aircraft with containers with electron-optical / infrared surveillance equipment for use in search and rescue operations.
The first prototype KC-390 completed its first flight on February 3, 2015. On October 9, 2018, flight tests of the first production KC-390 began. The first KC-390 aircraft (born FAB 2853) was handed over to the Brazilian Air Force on September 4, 2019, and the second on December 13, 2019. In August 2019, Embraer entered into the first export contract for the supply of five Portuguese Air Force KC-390 aircraft. It is planned that their deliveries will begin in 2023. KC-390 can transport 26 tons of cargo, develop a maximum speed of 470 knots (870 km / h), and can be used on unpaved or damaged runways. The range with 23 tons of cargo is 1380 nautical miles (2556 km), the ferry range with internal tanks is 4640 nautical miles.
The practical ceiling is 11 km. The KC-390 is equipped with two International Aero Engines V2500-E5 turbojet twin-engine engines (turbojet engines), the latest avionics, a rear ramp, an advanced cargo handling system, and Leonardo Gabbiano radar. Typical payloads include 80 military personnel or 66 paratroopers; three armored vehicles of the Humvee type or one UH-60 Black Hawk multipurpose helicopter; two BBM M-ATVs or one BBM “Boxer”, “Stryker”, BMP-3 or AMV. The aircraft can be equipped with removable internal fuel tanks and underwing container refueling systems, receive fuel from other tankers.
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