Turkey’s S-400 missile systems without NATO integration and this is a huge problem
ANKARA, (BM) – The United States and NATO continue to resent Ankara’s decision to buy Russian S-400 anti-aircraft missile systems. It turns out that Turkey does not intend to take into account any influence on Ankara’s policy, even if it signs an agreement to supply more missile systems than them.
Thus, yesterday [October 24] the topic of the Turkish S-400 found its continuation in the speech of the spokeswoman of the Turkish Ministry of Defense Nadide Sebnem Aktop, who said that her country would activate the purchased Russian anti-aircraft aircraft missile systems S-400, even if they are not integrated into NATO air defense, learned BulgarianMilitary.com citing Interfax news agency.
Her statement was not really a surprise to Turkish authorities, as it was repeated to the international community at a time when Washington was “threatening sanctions” and Ankara and Turkey did not even receive their first delivery.
According to Ms. Aktop, the tests conducted a week ago on the Turkish S-400 were simply a natural process prior to the launch of the missile systems. According to the statement, Ankara is certain that it has violated all commitments and agreements with NATO by purchasing these systems, and calls on the United States to reconsider its position on this issue. A Turkish Defense Ministry spokesman stressed that Turkey is not the first member of the alliance to actually have such systems, with direct links to Athens and Greek S-300 anti-aircraft missile systems.
“Like the S-300 used by NATO allies, the S-400 will operate independently and without integration into any NATO command system,” the statement said.
In addition to the technical incompatibility of the Turkish S-400 with NATO’s air defenses, the Allies will have to change some of the strategic actions in the region in recent years. This really means that the S-400’s lack of connection to NATO systems will force members to change some key technical and military paths of action and movement to avoid mutual interception. We know that NATO has an integrated enemy-enemy communication system, and the Russian S-400s fall exactly into the “enemy” category.
This pays special attention to the future of the American contingent on the territory of Turkey positioned in the Turkish base Ircirlik. The United States is using the base as a major base for military action in the Middle East and the region.
Russian-Turkish S-400 deal background
Russia and Turkey signed a multi-billion dollar contract for the supply of S-400 Triumph air defense systems in 2017. The deal provoked strong discontent from the United States. Washington threatened Ankara with sanctions, and then expelled her from the F-35 fighter program.
On April 30, an official representative of the Turkish leader, Ibrahim Kalyn, announced the suspension of the transaction for the supply of S-400 systems due to the coronavirus.
What S-400 missile system is?
S-400 Triumph is a Russian long-range and medium-range anti-aircraft missile system, anti-aircraft missile system (SAM). S-400 is designed to destroy all modern and promising means of aerospace attack [including hypersonic].
According to Western analysts, the S-400, along with systems such as the Iskander OTRK and coastal anti-ship systems of the Bastion class, plays a key role in the new concept of the Russian Armed Forces, known in the West as the “Access Denied Zone” [Anti-Access / Area Denial, A2 / AD], which consists in the fact that NATO troops cannot be and move within the range of A2 / AD restricted area systems without the risk of causing unacceptable damage to them. Triumph is the name of the export version. The market price of one division of the S-400 anti-aircraft missile system is about $ 500 million.
Technical characteristics of S-400 missile system
The performance characteristics of the S-400 Triumph are: detects a target at a distance of 600 km; strikes a target at a distance of 400 km; the maximum speed of the hit targets – 4.8 km / s; at the same time can fire 36 targets with pointing up to 72 missiles on them; deployment time of the system from the stowed state – 5-10 minutes; the time to bring the system’s assets into combat readiness from the deployed state is 3 minutes.
How does the Triumph air defense system work?
The S-400 Triumph is not just an installation for launching missiles, but a whole complex of coordinated and complex systems, the components of which are located on high-cross-country vehicles. The entire process from detecting to destroying a target occurs automatically:
- The radar system (radar) detects hundreds of targets within a radius of 600 km and determines their nationality.
- Data is sent to the command post (55K6E). He, in turn, distributes targets between several launchers (5P85TE2).
- Each command post can simultaneously control eight air defense systems, each of which carries up to 12 launchers. They, in turn, accommodate four missiles with different masses, launch ranges and capabilities.
- Depending on the type of target, an air defense system selects a missile. The S-400 Triumph is armed with missiles with different weights, launch ranges and capabilities: 48N6E, 48N6E2, 48N6E3, 9M96E and 9M96E2.
- Ultra-long-range missiles (up to 400 km) are capable of destroying targets even beyond the reach of targeting locators, for which they have unique homing heads. After climbing at the command of such a rocket itself goes into search mode.
Russian S-400 missile system is not compatible with NATO missiles
S-400 is the latest Russian missile system designed to detect, track and destroy aircraft, drones or missiles at a distance of up to 402 kilometers. A number of NATO member states, in particular the United States, argue that Russian-made S-400 rocket batteries are incompatible with similar weapons of the military alliance, so countries acquiring Russian air defense systems should be subject to sanctions.
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