How are Indian and Chinese soldiers equipped in the Himalayas if a conflict arises?
PANAGYURISHTE, (BM) – On the eve of winter, a “temporarily frozen” conflict could melt the upcoming winter snow high in the Himalayas, where the Himalayan plains are located – the highest desert in the world. Yes, we are talking about India and China – two countries that until almost a month and a half ago were on the brink of a major war that could have swept the world. And this threat has not passed with the coming winter months.
Because there, in the Himalayan plains in the region of Ladakh, the snows are not deep, they do not stagnate for a long time, but the cold, the cold there is insidious and long. And if the soldiers of the two countries decide to “oppose” their street fighting techniques again, it is the cold that will play a major role in the emergence of a possible conflict that would engage the military power and potential of Beijing and New Delhi.
How the Chinese soldiers are equipped?
The hardest to reach areas, as well as those with the harshest weather conditions, always get the latest military equipment first. Such reports found on the Internet speak of this practice. Chinese soldiers of the Beijing People’s Liberation Army are well dressed, equipped and stocked with food, which can be an important factor before the first spring flowers burst. That is why such areas, which for one reason or another are considered “remote”, are among the best equipped by the Chinese army.
Various reports indicate that Chinese troops received their new winter equipment on September 20, and according to military analysts, this equipment fully meets the needs of the army and the weather conditions in the area.
But Beijing is determined not to stop there, and even makes a few wrong decisions, seeking to equip both soldiers with equipment and military units with military equipment by “borrowing” it from other parts of the army scattered around. all over China. Which, in the hidden sense of the word, only says that Beijing has a well-established logistical training and network.
According to Chinese media reports, Himalayan soldiers receive thermal hoods, winter training clothes, coats, absorbent and quick-drying underwear, torme and waterproof gloves, anti-reflective goggles and multifunctional thermal water bottles.
Soldiers of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army must be a mobile and rapidly deploying combat unit, so these Himalayan soldiers are well trained to handle prefabricated thermal shelters, which have been repeatedly tested in various exercises in the Tibetan plateaus and surrounding plains and mountains. at least for the last two years, according to military experts.
The common man must understand that at this moment we are not talking about ordinary dugouts, bivouacs or camps. We are talking about well-coordinated actions to build entire settlements with dormitories, toilets, warehouses and other types of heated rooms that have been developed by Chinese and foreign engineering minds to operate at very low temperatures.
Some military reports claim that the optimal sub-zero temperature for these facilities is minus 55 degrees Celsius, maintaining an internal comfort temperature of 15-18 degrees Celsius. In addition to these conveniences, all the cited facilities have the functional ability to be restructured in different sizes and shapes, which facilitates their positioning in different geography and accessibility areas and districts.
How the Indian soldiers are equipped?
If we say that with regard to the Indian army, the geographical terrain is damaging – then it really is. Unlike the Chinese side, New Delhi has to solve serious logistical problems in this part of the country, as India has worse roads, mainly related to the limited capabilities of the region, which suggests that spring, summer and autumn are the right seasons in which the army’s logistics must deliver the necessary provisions, means and equipment.
Military experts know that restricting land transport at a time when the opposing side is not experiencing such problems will lead to more air routes for large transport aircraft, making the army vulnerable to countering enemy missile and air defense systems.
And when we talk about large transport planes, we must also talk about large financial costs, which is a factor that must not be forgotten, especially in conditions of alleged military action.
The residence conditions of Indian soldiers are radically different from their Chinese competitors. India is importing Arctic tents that can accommodate between 4-6 people maximum and that are heated by kerosene-powered heaters instead of being heated by generators, such as large Chinese facilities.
Unlike China, which either produces or imports clothing from Russia for such weather conditions and regions, India is forced at this stage to buy these equipment from Europe – something that is good for soldiers but expensive for the military as a whole. Naturally, both China and India prioritize the equipment of their troops in the Himalayan region of the country, which is expected when one of your two main enemies is positioned right there [Pakistan is the second – ed.].
India would also have a problem with drinking water. In this area the rivers are shallow and polluted, and the snow does not last long in this part of the world. But we must note that in this particular case this applies not only to India but also to the Chinese part of the region, ie. both armies would experience a similar water problem.
Both countries would have some advantage if their main supplier of the next armored vehicle was not the same country – Russia. India has deployed T-72 and T-90 tanks, as well as Russian-made armored personnel carriers, but this is not the most important thing. The Russian mixture of fuel, cooling and heating of these large heavy machinery is a special chemical formula that allows these military means not to sweat any difficulties in their normal functioning at high altitudes, where the air is scarce and at low temperatures.
China, for its part, has deployed light tanks in the area, which are Chinese-made and specifically designed here. These are the T-15 tanks and the main Chinese battle tank T-99.
There is a lull in the Himalayas between the two countries. And this is very dangerous. Because the greatest danger for military action is not the cold, but boredom.
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