War for the Cyprus ports and ‘defective’ Turkish S-400 missile systems
ATHENS, (BM) – Two superpowers clash fiercely over the Cypriot ports, raising questions about their true plans for the mainland amid challenges in the Eastern Mediterranean, Pentapostagma report, learned BulgarianMilitary.com.
Russia, therefore, reacted strongly to the statement of US Secretary of State M. Pompeo, who stated that “we are concerned when Russian warships enter ports in Cyprus.” The announcement of the Russian Foreign Minister came through the spokesperson A. Zakharova, who stressed that the US should not interfere in the relations between Russia and Cyprus, while emphasizing that Moscow’s cooperation with Nicosia is not against the interests of third countries.
Ministry spokeswoman Zakharov advised Washington to adhere to the same principle. The presence of Russian warships and the corresponding agreement between Cyprus and Russia have been at the center of US plans, which want to abolish it, which will put Nicosia in a really bad position.
Following the decision of the Americans to establish a center for the maritime border in Cyprus, things will probably change regarding the presence of Russian warships in the Megalonisos.
The war in Syria and the search for a Russian naval base in the Mediterranean have caused great concern at the Pentagon, which claims Cyprus in the western camp alone. But only if the island was united and the Turkish troops and their weapons systems left, it would be possible and understandable at this time.
At a time when Turkey is preparing an air base and cooperating with Moscow at all levels from Syria to North Africa and Libya, it would be absurd to put pressure only on Nicosia.
The series with the “defective” S-400 and their non-operational readiness in Turkey
The head of the Turkish Foreign Ministry confirmed the fact that the S-400 missiles acquired from Russia have not yet been put into operation. Russian sources and the media, however, report the existence of a problem identified by the Turkish army, which it has not been able to resolve for about six months.
Things got worse as the Turks refused to accept Russian engineers into their territory and did not approve the adaptation of the new S-400 electronic systems themselves. It turned out that the Turkish army had neither the experience nor the knowledge to put Russian missiles on alert.
At present, it is absolutely impossible to do anything without Russia’s participation, however, Ankara and its NATO partners believe that Russian experts will implement “special” changes to Russian missile systems, which would have a very negative effect on alliance.
The Turkish Foreign Minister, in turn, noted that the issue of operational readiness of the S-400 will be resolved by Turkish experts, however, Russian defense analysts believe that the situation for Ankara is quite serious and irreversible.
Other experts believe that Turkey is in fact afraid of Washington imposing sanctions on the acquisition of Russian weapons systems and thus makes pretexts not to put them on alert. Only Erdogan is afraid of the multitude of enemies that surround him at home and abroad and would definitely like ready-to-use S-400s.
The essence remains, however, the Russian missiles have not been put into operational operation and this is a great advantage for the Greek PA in any extreme scenario of military involvement of the two countries in the Eastern Mediterranean, many experts emphasize.
The oil conflict between Turkey and Greece and their long-standing relationship
In 2020, tensions between the already long-disputed countries in the Balkans – Greece and Turkey – will escalate sharply again. The reason for this is oil fields located in specific eastern parts of the Mediterranean, which give rise to a territorial dispute between the two Balkan countries.
All this, as expected, not only led to an escalation of political speeches and attacks between Greece and Turkey, but brought the Balkans closer to a possible new war after Athens and Ankara launched a series of military exercises in the region.
At the same time, Germany is trying to play the role of a peacemaker between the Balkan countries, while France has directly decided to support Greece in its conflict with the Turks.
The mission ended with virtually no results. Then France came out on the side of Greece, sending its frigate and helicopter carrier to the Aegean Sea for joint maneuvers with the Greeks.
Note that Turkey and Greece have been at enmity for centuries. It was during the fall of Byzantium, and during the Ottoman Empire, and continues to this day. The last time these countries fought each other in 1974 in Cyprus. Turkey occupied the island after a military coup on it. After the discovery of a significant hydrocarbon reserve off the coast of Cyprus, sovereignty disputes continued.
Countries cannot share maritime economic zones. This is a Greek island located near the southern Turkish city of Antalya. Greece believes that part of this area belongs to the so-called Kastelorizo continental shelf. Turkey disputes this, claiming that the island is too small and too far from mainland Greece to make such a claim.
However, this raises new problems as it turns out that the disputed body of water separating Greece and Turkey is the apple of discord and the dispute between them. According to the Turks, the country’s continental shelf should and should be eroded from the mainland and that the territory south of the Greek island is only a few kilometers from the southern coast of Turkey. This is the logic they follow in Ankara and believe that it belongs to its exclusive zone
At the same time, Athens argues and believes that the borders of a country should be determined on the basis of the islands that surround it, and they are an integral part of defining the borders of the continental shelf. Greece makes these claims in its UN maritime law. All this gives the Greeks the exclusive right to the territory, no matter how close it is to the Turkish border. However, there is one very important fact that the Turks are using at the moment, namely that Ankara has not signed the UN law on the law of the sea, which allows it to interpret the situation differently.
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