US introduces a new index for promising military technology
WASHINGTON, (BM) – The US Department of Defense decided to introduce a separate index for technology that was developed and designed in a fully electronic form: it will be designated by the capital letter “E”, learned BulgarianMilitary.com.
All American equipment used by the military traditionally receives a special designation in which its purpose is encrypted: for example, in the case of aircraft, the letter “F” in the index denotes a fighter [Fighter], “B” – a bomber [Bomber], “T” – training aircraft [Trainer]. However, sometimes there are exceptions: contrary to the rules, the American F-117 Nighthawk assault aircraft received the letter “F” in the 1980s.
The fact is that it was developed as a fighter, however, due to poor maneuverability, it was nevertheless adopted into service with the rank of attack aircraft. For some reason, the military did not bother changing the letter “F” to the assault “A” [Assault]. Now that technology is increasingly being designed and developed on a computer screen, the US Department of Defense has come up with another index for aircraft, spacecraft and other weapons – the letter “E”.
Moreover, it is the capital letter – because in the indexes there is already a capital letter “E”, which denotes electronic warfare aircraft, long-range radar detection and control, as well as other communication aircraft. For example, the J-STARS combat control and target designation aircraft is designated E-8, and the Mercury strategic missile strike control aircraft is E-6.
The letter “E” will receive all the equipment that was developed in electronic form: the first to receive it was a promising training aircraft for the US Air Force Boeing T-7A Red Hawk – it was named eT-7A. US Air Force Secretary Barbara Barrett said the new designation was allegedly introduced to “encourage developers to use digital design more often.” According to military estimates, this approach to design can reduce the cost of creating technology.
In particular, this will become possible at least due to the fact that some of the full-scale tests can be simulated with high accuracy even at the design stage. The Americans also noted that the letter “E” is likely to be assigned to the technique temporarily: after the start of mass production, it will be removed from the index. Thus, after the start of serial production, the Red Hawk training aircraft will receive the former designation T-7A.
Germany will soon buy new fighters and one of them will be EW version of F-18
The German Air Force will soon be buying new combat aircraft, as we reported today [September 15 – ed.] citing Flug Revue. In all likelihood, this also includes some copies of the EA-18G Growler – the EW version of the F / A-18 Super Hornet. But what does “EW” actually mean – and what does the term mean?
Drones, weapon systems, warplanes: their use is unthinkable without radio, radar and satellite-based positioning. However, other electromagnetic waves such as lasers and infrared are also used in military aviation.
The air forces [and the military in general] therefore ask themselves how their own use of electromagnetic waves can be protected and how enemy use can be made more difficult or prevented. The corresponding measures are summarized under the term “electronic warfare”, EW for short.
Two areas: reconnaissance and combat
EW activities can be divided into telecommunications and electronic reconnaissance and electronic combat. The former, in English Signal Intelligence [SIGINT], includes eavesdropping on third-party communications as well as recording and evaluating location and control systems, such as radar devices in air defense systems.
Electronic warfare [EW] includes support, protection and countermeasures. Electronic support measures describe the recording and evaluation of opposing electromagnetic emissions in the context of a military operation. For example, infrared and radar detectors in combat aircraft can identify and locate enemy weapon systems.
White noise against radar systems
Electronic protective measures are intended to ensure your own use of electromagnetic waves and protect them from reconnaissance and attacks by opponents. One example of this is frequency agility: modern radar systems change frequency and modulation from pulse to pulse.
Electronic countermeasures [ECM] are directed against hostile infrastructure. Radar systems are, for example, actively or passively disturbed and deceived by transmission pulses or white noise [simultaneous transmission of interference noises on all frequencies].
False goals are fooled or real goals are concealed. Radar and radio systems can be switched off temporarily or permanently with the aid of radiation weapons [e.g. laser or ultrasound].
What can the growler do?
A dedicated EW aircraft is the US Navy’s Boeing EA-18G Growler. Among other things, it has three distance interference systems of the type AN / ALQ-99. These are supported by a “Tactical Jamming System Receiver” [AN / ALQ-218], which determines the position of radar emitters in the airspace. An AESA radar also locates and disrupts enemy radars, but only pointing forward.
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