Usual suspects – India and Egypt could be the next customers of T-14 Armata tank
WARSAW, (BM) – As reported by the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, at the opening of the International Military and Technology Forum “Army-2020″, representatives of the Russian armaments industry are ready to start the production and sale of the latest T-14 Armata MBTs to several export customers who are allies of Russia, learned BulgarianMilitary.com citing Defence24.
These countries include, inter alia, Belarus, Egypt, India and Vietnam, which are regular recipients of Russian weapon systems and were to express their interest in this next-generation Main Battle Tank. In July this year. the head of the Russian Federal Service for Military and Technical Cooperation, Dmitry Shugayev, announced that preparations for the promotion and sale of Armata tanks to foreign customers are underway. Cooperation with these clients is scheduled to start in 2021.
At the beginning of August this year the Russian Minister of Industry and Trade, Denis Manturov, announced that the mass production of the T-14 Armata MBTs for the Russian army had begun. This is to enable the first examples of these tanks to enter line service next year.
After meeting the first domestic needs in this regard, it will be possible to start serial production for potential export customers. According to Manturov, an unspecified number of the latest T-14 Armata was to be sent to Syria to the Russian military contingent stationed there in order to undergo a series of combat tests.
The indications are that the T-14 Armata will be the world’s first mass-produced and introduced into the line service 4th generation MBT. This vehicle has been designed in a completely new design layout with an unmanned and lightly armored turret and a heavily armored hull, and the main focus is on maximizing the survivability of the crew.
In addition, according to official data from the Russian Ministry of Defense, the armor penetration achieved by the T-14 Armata armament is to be almost twice as high as the latest models of MBTs currently used, such as the T-72B3M, T-80BWM or T-90M.
The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation signed with UWZ during the International Technical-Military Forum “Army 2018” the first contract for serial deliveries of the T-14 Armata MBTs and the T-15 Armata heavy infantry fighting vehicles based on its chassis for the Polish Armed Forces.
According to the contract, 132 vehicles of both types are to be delivered. At the moment, there are approximately 20 pre-series production vehicles in service, which are now undergoing comprehensive examinations and tests.
India could change the market through T-14 Armata tank mass production
The recent aggravation on the Sino-Indian border has served as a good catalyst for growing demand for Russian weapons.
New Delhi, faced with the prospect of colliding with the PLA, asked Moscow to expedite the supply of S-400 air defense systems and intensify negotiations on the purchase of more than three dozen MiG-29 and Su-30MKI fighters. Also, India can become the first foreign market for the advanced T-14 Armata tank.
New Delhi has traditionally been a major consumer of Russian defense industry products. This is due to the dangerous proximity with Pakistan and China and the optimal price-quality ratio of Russian weapons.
Together with New Delhi, Moscow has, for example, a joint production program for the Su-30MKI fighter and the T-90S tank. Two years ago it was reported that the Indian army intends to replace 1770 of its obsolete T-72 tanks.
The main contenders were the T-14 Armata, the Ukrainian Oplot and the South Korean tank K2 Black Panther. If everything is clear with the real prospects of Oplot, then it was a great opportunity for the T-14.
This tank is really ahead of time. On the Armata platform, a whole family of armored vehicles can be created. The crew of the tank was reduced to three people due to the uninhabitability of the tower, the control of firing from the powerful 125 mm smoothbore gun 2A82-1M is automated and is carried out via a digital interface.
Active and passive defense systems have been used that dramatically increase the survivability of the combat vehicle. In fact, this is not just a tank, but also a real command center, designed to conduct modern-style network-centric warfare.
This tank is good for everyone, except for the price. For comparison, the production of one T-72 of the latest B3M modification costs about 80 million rubles, the T-90M costs 150 million, and the T-14 is already 250 million rubles (and this cost will be relevant only for multi-series production.
Now the cost of one experimental a sample of the latest tank reaches 500 million rubles). The difference is very significant. Because of this, it turned out to be beneficial for the military to modernize the already existing “nineties.” Belarus went the same way, turning the T-72 into the T-72BEM, which is considered appropriate for the capabilities of the Russian T-90A tank.
In general, such a prudent approach is justified, but it puts an end to the prospects of its immeasurably more expensive follower of the T-14. Instead of previously announced more than 2 thousand produced a little more than two dozen armored vehicles.
Only mass conveyor production can change the situation, which will significantly reduce its cost. Some time ago, “Armata” began to be prepared for export, forming its technical passport, which we described in detail earlier. For this, the tank was even “brought” to Syria.
The countries of the Middle East were named as potential buyers, where both money is found and the conditions for operation are suitable.
But, apparently, India will become its first foreign buyer. This is reported with reference to its sources, the publication “Star”: “The product is being prepared for export. India showed interest of it.”
Apparently, New Delhi needed additional arguments against China and Pakistan simultaneously in heaven and on earth.
Russian T-14 Armata tank could be transformed into nuclear weapon, US said
The possibility of arming the Armata tank with atomic shells was discussed on July 9 in an article by The National Interest as we reported on July 10 this year.
“Since Armata is designed to equip a 152 mm gun, we can soon see the return of a nuclear tank to the battlefield,” wrote Charlie Gao, an expert on defense and national security.
According to the publication, the Armata tank has the potential to build up firepower through the use of nuclear shells. A new modification of the tank can get a 152-mm gun, and with it the ability to use shells with a nuclear warhead of low power.
It is emphasized that the predecessor of the Armata tank, Object 195, the Black Eagle, had a theoretical possibility of using tactical nuclear shells.
It should be noted that according to open sources, the platform of the T-14 Armata tank was developed taking into account the possibility of installing a 152 mm gun. In Russia, two 152-mm tank guns were developed: the LP-83 and the more modern 2A83.
Since the beginning of the 1980s, three types of tanks with a 152 mm gun have been developed: Object 292, Object 477 Hammer, Object 195 Black Eagle. Tanks were not mass-produced.
The main disadvantages of the 152-mm guns compared with the 125-mm ones in service are the significantly larger weight of the guns, the larger projectile size and, as a result, the reduction of the tank’s ammunition load.
Nuclear ammunition for the 152-mm guns was developed and adopted in 1981 under the index 3BV3. Ammunition power reached 2.5 kilotons of TNT.
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Armata was tested in the Syrian battle conditions
In Syria, Russia tested the latest Russian tank on the Armata platform, said Denis Manturov, head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade on April 20 this year.
According to him, such a test will allow to take into account all the specifics of work in combat conditions.
“In Syria, as you know, it is precisely this kind of test, so we took into account all the nuances so that in the final look, which will be delivered to Syria, all these moments are reflected,” he said on the television channel Russia 1.
Manturov reminded that “Armata” has no analogues in the world, weapons are constantly being tested and upgraded. Moscow has already received preliminary applications for the export of this tank, however, it will be possible to send it abroad only after the start of serial deliveries to the troops and the receipt of an export appearance passport.
“The Ministry of Defense has ordered additional technical solutions in order to reach serial delivery next year as part of the contract that was signed,” he added.
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