Hungary bought the armored vehicles of the future – Rheinmetall’s Lynx
BUDAPEST, (BM) – Hungary has signed an agreement with the German concern Rheinmetall to create a joint venture that will produce the latest Lynx combat vehicle, learned BulgarianMilitary.com.
Representatives of the Hungarian government and the German group Rheinmetall signed an agreement on the production of KF41 Lynx combat vehicles on August 17. BMPs will be produced in Hungary. In total, according to unofficial data, the country intends to purchase up to 220 KF41 vehicles with the start of their deliveries in 2024-2025.
Thus, Hungary became the first customer for the latest infantry fighting vehicle. In addition to this Central European state, Australia, the Czech Republic, Qatar and the United States may become Lynx operators in the future.
The Lynx infantry fighting vehicle was unveiled to the public in 2016. It is positioned as a new generation BMP. One of the basic principles of the concept is the integration of proven subsystems with a high-tech level of production to reduce costs and reduce technical risks.
The vehicle can be armed with a single 35mm Rheinmetall MK30-2 / ABM cannon or a 35mm Wotan 35 cannon. It also has a coaxial 7.62mm machine gun.
Recall that in January, photographs of a promising Japanese tracked platform were presented.
More about armoured fighting vehicle Lynx
According to the manufacturer, the Lynx series tracked vehicles are highly protected, adaptable to various operating environments, extremely mobile and have a large payload reserve. They provide superiority on the battlefield and are suitable for all types of operations – “from missions to stabilize the world to highly intense combat in the defense of the country and the alliance.”
The increased modularity of this family of machines at Eurosatory 2018 made a significant impression on international experts. The design feature made it possible to convert the Lynx BMP into a combat control vehicle within a few hours. This is possible thanks to the mission modules developed by Rheinmetall. These modules are installed in the Lynx roof cutout or used as a stand-alone solution (standard on the ISO container), for example for training.
The entire Lynx family is characterized by a large number of similar parts, which has a positive effect not only on logistics, but also on the training of personnel. Along with options for military equipment, the manufacturer offers customers packages of individual services from training in maintenance and repair (even in the areas of operations) to technology transfer.
Lynx machines deliver a compelling combination of performance, survivability, mobility, controllability and versatility. At the same time, on the one hand, future-oriented technologies and concepts are used, and on the other, at the same time, proven technologies that guarantee a significant reduction in technical risk.
A feature of the Lynx KF41 BMP is a removable block for a cutout in the roof of the vehicle body. Thus, the fighting compartment can be provided, for example, with a high roof in a few hours, in order to create a larger volume for more extensive mission equipment or to achieve a higher height of the inner compartment. What equipment (weapons) to place in specific versions of the machine is determined by the desire of buyers and users.
Lynx combat efficiency
The standard Lance turret is used with a 30 or 35 mm automatic cannon (AP). The cannon can be reloaded under the protection of armor and is designed to fire air blast ammunition effective against aircraft or weakly protected ground targets. With high accuracy (even on the move) it is capable of hitting targets at ranges up to 3000 or 3500 m.
The Lance 2.0 tower is the next generation of the already used family. Depending on the client’s requirements, it can use various weapons systems up to the prospect of equipping a 50 mm AP. The tower is designed specifically for installation on BMP. Depending on the customer’s requirements, it can be delivered in an uninhabited version or with a crew of two.
In a tower of increased combat value, critical subsystems are better protected from kinetic threats and fragments. This increases the survivability of the subsystems in duel situations, especially in urban environments. Another improvement is Rheinmetall’s new electric Wotan 35 AP. It provides a rate of fire of up to 200 rounds per minute and fires the tried and tested medium caliber 35×228 mm ammunition from Rheinmetall.
Additionally, the Lance 2.0 modification has one mission module on each side. The subsystems of the modules allow you to give the tower special features. Specialized modules include, for example, a dual launcher (PU) of the Spike LR2 anti-tank guided missile (firing range over 5000 meters) from Rafael, a launcher for loitering ammunition, a launching device for a reconnaissance drone, or equipment for electronic warfare.
The ATGM fire control is fully integrated with the gunner’s observation equipment. The commander can observe and operate through the weapon station associated with the main optics, independently of the gunner. As a result, the Lynx BMP not only has a hunter-gunner function, but also a hunter-hunter.
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The entire protection system is modular and expandable. The hull and turret are already manufactured with a high level of basic protection and, based on the need, can be brought to higher levels of protection. Various protective kits are available for this.
Lynx’s modular defenses provide high flexibility to address multiple threats across a spectrum of conflicts. Ballistic and mine protection elements, if necessary, can be easily replaced even in the field. Also taken into account the protection of the turret roof and mine protection of the crew accommodation.
On the Lance 2.0 tower for the Lynx KF41 infantry fighting vehicle, the installation of passive and reactive protective elements is provided. At the request of the client, it is also possible to install a remote active protection system against grenade launchers and ATGMs on it. In addition, there is a combined air conditioning and protected ventilation system for the POM with filters from Beth El.
The design of the machine also helps to reduce optical, thermal, acoustic and radar emissions. For example, exhaust gases are mixed with cold exhaust air from the air conditioning system. As an option, it is possible to mount the Solar Sigma Shield mobile camouflage kit from Rheinmetall, which allows to reduce visual, thermal and radar radiation.
The Lynx family is customizable and used for a variety of operational purposes and includes a motion module and flexible mission equipment. This allows each base transport to be customized for different desired tasks. Configuration changes are completed within a few hours. Due to the identity of the underlying machines, the system significantly reduces life cycle costs.
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Subsystems of the Lynx KF41 BMP have a similar high modularity and adaptability, which significantly increases the flexibility of the machine. In total, there are currently 17 different versions of the mission modules (including infantry fighting vehicles, armored personnel carriers, command vehicle, reconnaissance vehicle, combat repair, medical and sanitary or armored recovery vehicles). Of these, currently ten variants and one variant of the training complex are available as prototypes.
The Lynx KF41 BMP offers the latest drive technology with an 850 kW (1,140 hp) Liebherr in-line diesel engine and the proven Renk HSWL256C automatic steering gearbox. This transmission is also installed in the Puma BMP. When the machine is stationary, the engine, by operating at reduced power – and therefore reducing noise levels – allows continuous power generation.
The flexible drive system allows the Lynx KF41 infantry fighting vehicle, even with various mission equipment configurations and protection kits, to remain highly mobile. The six-roller torsion bar suspension features Supashock shock absorbers.
The track uses a special steel weight reduction system from Defense Service Tracks (DST). As a result, in the BMP configuration, the KF41 model weighs about 44 tons. Thanks to the specific power of 19.3 kW / t, the vehicle has high mobility in its class of military equipment, while a stock of six tons of net weight remains available for further growth.
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