Russian military supports Haftar because Moscow is interested in Libya’s oil
MOSCOW, (BM) – In Libya, Moscow is primarily interested in retaining control over local oil fields, and not in the coming to power of Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar and the Libyan National Army (LNA), which it supports. The true motives of Russia were revealed by The Jerusalem Post, learned BulgarianMilitary.com.
As the newspaper notes, such interests of the Kremlin are evidenced by the actions of mercenaries from the Russian private military company (PMC) Wagner. Earlier, they seized one of the largest oil fields in Libya, Es-Sider, which was one of the main sources of income for the government of national accord (GNA) that opposed Haftar.
The American corporations Hess and ConocoPhillips and the Spanish Repsol also carried out production there. The mercenaries made this decision arbitrarily, without the consent of the LNA.
“When Russian forces took control of the oil field of their own free will, Moscow convincingly proved that it was not in Libya to support Haftar’s presidency,” writes The Jerusalem Post. According to the publication, in this way Russia hopes to protect its investments in Libya and remain a winner, regardless of who eventually comes to power in the country.
Haftar’s other allies also support him not out of personal sympathy, the newspaper emphasizes. Thus, the main goal of France is to eliminate terrorist groups in the region, and Egypt is to fight the Muslim Brotherhood religious and political organization [recognized as terrorist by both Cairo and Moscow], which has a lot of weight in Libya.
At the same time, such actions of the Russian PMC and other parties do not contribute to the resolution of the conflict, but, on the contrary, lead to its escalation, The Jerusalem Post emphasizes.
In late June, it became known that Russian mercenaries had invaded the largest Libyan oil field in Al Shararah. The United States and the National Oil Corporation of Libya (National Oil Corporation, NOC) expressed their outrage at this and stated that the actions of PMC fighters directly threaten the sovereignty and welfare of Libya.
Libyan civil war
Having ruled the country since 1969, Muammar Gaddafi was ousted and killed in the 2011 civil war. As a result, the country found itself in a situation of dual power: in the east, a parliament is sitting in Tobruk, supported by the Libyan national army, Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar, and in the west, in Tripoli, a government of national accord.
In Libya, armed clashes are currently taking place between supporters of different leaders. The country is led by the Government of National Accord (GNA), headed by Prime Minister Fayez Saraj, the “eastern government” led by Abdullah Abdurrahaman at-Thani.
The eastern government is supported by the commander of the Libyan National Army, Khalifa Haftar.
Recall that January 13 in Moscow, negotiations were held between the heads of the Libyan National Army (LNA) Khalif Haftar and the Government of National Accord (GNA) Faiz Sarraj. Also present were members of the Foreign Ministries of Russia and Turkey.
On the meeting the commander of the Libyan National Army (LNA), Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar, has notified Russia about the conditions for continuing negotiations on the signing of a peace agreement in Libya.
According to the requirements of Haftar, the militias operating in Libya are required to surrender weapons in the period from 45 to 90 days. This process should be controlled by a special commission created by the LNA together with the UN.
Haftar also refused to recognize Turkey as an intermediary in resolving the situation in Libya, since the Turkish side is not neutral and supports the Government of National Accord (GNA).
At the same time, the GNA is actively supporting Turkey, and Egypt and Saudi Arabia are on the side of the LNA. Its unofficial allies are France and the UAE.
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