Russian army may receive a combat rail-mobile missile system ‘Barguzin’

MOSCOW, (BM) – The Russian Strategic Missile Forces [Strategic Missile Forces] will be able to receive a new Barguzin combat railroad missile system [BZHRK] within the next three to five years if the country’s military leadership makes a decision, learned citing a RIA Novosti expert Vladimir Evseev.

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It was assumed that the new generation BZHRK “Barguzin” will be developed by 2018, but in 2017, Rossiyskaya Gazeta reported, citing a source in the defense industry, that work on the creation of a new BZHRK had been suspended.

“I believe that the deployment of the Barguzin would be the most effective response to the strategic threat posed by the growth of NATO military bases near the Russian borders. <…> In my opinion, it will take to create a prototype missile, flight tests and work out various systems about three to five years, for a missile complex this is a very short period,” Yevseev said.

The expert suggested that this project was frozen, since the Russian leadership was counting on the extension of the START-3 treaty, another factor was the financial issue.

The interlocutor of the agency stressed that in terms of its characteristics, the Barguzin significantly surpasses its Soviet predecessor, the Molodets BZHRK, armed with an overly heavy missile that did not fit into a regular carriage, which served as a serious unmasking factor.

The Barguzin, thanks to the “lightweight” rocket, which is included in an ordinary carriage, can launch on any section of the railway. “If it is necessary to retaliate, this complex will be more effective than the Topol and Yars type PGRK [mobile ground missile system], because in order to launch, they will have to go into the field area and deploy there, becoming for some time vulnerable to enemy,” explained Evseev.

The Soviet military railway missile system with the Molodets missile was decommissioned in 2005 under the START II treaty. START-3, which replaced it, does not prohibit the creation of new missile systems of this type.

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“Barguzin” is a train that looks indistinguishable from an ordinary freight train. Its wagons carry three intercontinental ballistic missiles with 30 warheads with a yield of 550 kilotons each.

In addition, command posts, technological and technical systems, communications and personnel are located on board.

In the event of a threat of nuclear war, the BZHRK enter patrol routes and merge with the stream of other trains. After the order for combat use, the train stops and prepares to launch an attack.

The doors on the roofs of the three carriages move to the sides, and mechanisms hidden inside bring the missile launch containers to a vertical position. It starts up within a few minutes.

Russia is called to prevent a missile crisis

Today, countries with missiles are not committed. The INF Treaty is dead, the ballistic is deployed, the weapons are playing catch-up. This is especially noticeable in the Asian region, as it is believed, for the sake of it, the Americans slammed negotiated doors. But sooner or later, you will still need to limit yourself. And here, according to experts, Moscow can help.

A year has passed since the INF Treaty ceased to be officially observed. The three main countries of the United States, China and Russia, continue to churn out their missile deeds. Experts of the Carnegie Center, analyzing the situation, note the increased tension in the Asian region.

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However, even earlier, many believed that the official reasons and the way the Americans unceremoniously withdrew from the treaty, without even trying to solve the problem, were all for a diversion. The main task is to contain the increased Chinese potential.

Now, at several Japanese bases, as well as on Guam, various life-affirming medium and shorter ranges are being modernized, replaced and deployed.

This is by no means a quick matter – he blinded and directed. It takes more time than the allotted after the elections. And Japan itself, for some reason, is not particularly happy: it puts forward all sorts of conditions, slows down the process.

On the other hand, there is China, which has never sat down blowing bubbles before, and is not going to slow down even now. And on the third – Russia, which, as is known in the West, does nothing to spite America. Therefore, it is noted that the situation in the region is becoming less predictable. Well, what were you trying to achieve?

Analysts point out that a permanent increase in capacity is impossible and sooner or later a new INF Treaty will be needed. Naturally, according to the good American tradition with the rewriting of the rules and the cunning of the first grade [in the school sense].

If you can’t beat your opponent, say, in a fist fight, you need to cancel the rule prohibiting the use of a firearm. Shoot the opponent, and then quickly return the rules.

So it is here: to withdraw from a treaty that prevents the deployment of missiles, to place the corresponding missiles, and then talk about peace, harmony and love for one’s neighbor, demanding from partners loyalty to the humanistic ideals of mankind.

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China, naturally, realizing against whom exactly the American democratic ballistic values ​​are directed on the Japanese islands, will react to threats and will least of all be inclined to sign anything there.

Therefore, the Americans hope that Moscow can become a mediator, and possibly the main conductor of the new INF Treaty. She is interested, loves to negotiate, and it should not be ruled out that the Chinese missiles, experts point out, are the Chinese missiles that also allegedly pose a threat to her. In general, sooner or later you need to sit down at the table. But Russians love to sit down at the table and know how.

Learn more about the Russian rail-mobile missile systems

With the development of space reconnaissance assets, it became more and more difficult to ensure the secrecy of the basing of nuclear potential. Already in the 1970s, it became clear: most of the locations of ground-based ground launchers are well known to the potential enemy, and in the event of a large-scale war, dozens of missiles will fly at them.

That is why the mine-based complexes are reliably reinforced and closed from above with multi-ton concrete “covers” that can withstand pressures up to one hundred atmospheres.

However, even having strengthened the mines, the military did not abandon their attempts to hide the missiles away from prying eyes.

The USSR and the United States have developed mobile ground-based missile systems (PGRK), capable of invisibly entering the areas of combat patrol. Then the designers decided to place nuclear missiles on the train.

In the 1960s, the Americans designed the Mobile Minuteman rocket train. Successfully tested and almost adopted, but soon abandoned it due to the high complexity and high cost.

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In the USSR, however, the project was completed. The BZHRK had several significant advantages at once: a nuclear train could freely travel up to a thousand kilometers a day, and due to minimal external differences from civilian trains, it was almost impossible to calculate it over the vast territory of the Union.

The ramified network of the country’s railways made it possible to relocate the BZHRK to any point in the shortest possible time. Thanks to these complexes, during a nuclear attack, the USSR still had a chance for a powerful retaliatory strike, even if all other weapons were destroyed.

The combat railway complex is a dozen cars, three of which are adapted for ICBM launchers. In the rest there are command and communications compartments, living quarters, fuel and food storage facilities.

When developing a BZHRK, the designers faced many difficult tasks. So, the launcher turned out to be too heavy: together with the rocket – about two hundred tons. Due to the increased load on the railroad bed, some of the tracks had to be strengthened.

The car was installed on eight wheelsets instead of the standard four. In addition, the load was transferred and distributed between the front and rear cars using special devices.

A special solid-propellant rocket RT-23UTTH “Molodets” was created for the BZHRK. Ten nuclear warheads could hit a target over ten thousand kilometers away. This rocket differed from the usual ones, for example, in that, to reduce the size, the fairing was made foldable: it opened immediately after launch.

A hundred-ton rocket with a length of just over 20 meters was placed in a standard freight car. If necessary, the train could stop at any point on the route and start. The car, where the launcher was located, was secured with retractable supports, the electrical contact network was pushed aside, the roof was raised, and the rocket took a vertical position.

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After the mortar launch of the ICBM, the train left this place almost immediately. Before being put into service, the complex was subjected to serious tests: several launches were performed and tested for resistance to a nuclear explosion. In one of the tests, several launchers and the command post of a rocket train were exposed to a shock wave with a capacity of a thousand tons of TNT. BZHRK survived.

The first BZHRK took up combat duty near Kostroma in 1987, even before the official adoption. In the next few years, seven more regiments were commissioned, and by 1999 the Strategic Missile Forces had deployed as many as three missile divisions armed with such complexes.

However, nuclear trains have been running along the country’s roads for only a few years. The appearance of such weapons in the USSR and in such quantities was a real shock for the Western countries. In 1991, they managed to reach an agreement with the Soviet leadership, and combat patrols were canceled. In fact, the main advantage of the BZHRK – stealth – was completely nullified.

Within the framework of the START II treaty, signed in 1993, the United States achieved the elimination of all complexes. In 2005, rocket trains were finally removed from service, and twelve trains were disassembled and disposed of.

Nevertheless, at the beginning of the 2000s, there was serious talk in Russia about recreating the BZHRK under the new name “Barguzin”. It was assumed that it would be outwardly indistinguishable from a regular freight train.

It was planned to place three ICBMs with thirty warheads with a capacity of 550 kilotons each in its cars. In 2016, Barguzin successfully passed the first stage of missile testing – throw tests.

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And although in 2017 Rossiyskaya Gazeta announced the suspension of work on the project, the Ministry of Defense informed RIA Novosti that Russia was not going to completely abandon rocket trains.

Moreover, recently the general designer of the Moscow Institute of Heat Engineering, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Yuri Solomonov, announced the development of a unified missile system Yars with the possibility of being based on trains.


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