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India and China agree on a full withdrawal of troops from the border

NEW DELHI, BEIJING, (BM) – India and China decided to carry out a complete de-escalation in the border area, learned BulgarianMilitary.com citing news agency Krasnaya vesna.

Read more: Because of China, India found Australia as its military ally

India and China have agreed on an early and complete withdrawal of troops along the line of de facto control in Ladakh. The countries stressed that the full restoration of peace and tranquility in the region is key to the development of bilateral relations.

The Indian Ministry of Foreign Affairs said that the agreements for a peaceful settlement of the conflict were reached on July 5 during a telephone conversation with the special representatives of the countries. Both sides have now agreed on the need to sincerely implement the agreements.

The Chinese Foreign Ministry said the sides had a frank exchange of views on the situation at the border. Also, the countries fully reaffirmed the agreements reached by the front-line commanders on the ground.

As early as July 8, we received information that China was beginning to withdraw troops from the border with India, according to a source in the Indian Ministry of Defense.

On July 6, the Chinese army was seen assembling tents and dismantling structures at a location in the Galwan Valley in Himalayan Ladakh, close to where the clashes took place in June, India’s government sources said, reserving anonymity.

Also vehicles retreating from this area, as well as from Hotsprings and Gogra, two other disputed border zones, were seen – sources, cited by Reuters, said.

Read more: A military confrontation on the Indian-Chinese border, several soldiers were injured

Asked whether China withdrew the equipment from the Galvanian Valley, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said both sides were “taking effective steps to alleviate the situation at the border.”

“We hope that India will meet with China halfway and take concrete steps to implement what both sides have agreed, will remain in close contact through diplomatic and military channels, and work together to ease” tension on the border,” said then Zhao at a press conference.

The Sino-Indian confrontation on the border

The Sino-Indian confrontation on the border has been gaining momentum lately. In mid-June, it was reported that clashes between the military of both countries led to casualties for the first time in 45 years. At the same time, it is impossible to reduce the degree of tension, despite the active negotiation process.

The conflict is taking place in the highland region of Aksaychin, located on the border of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China, Pakistan and India. This territory is under the control of China, but India disputes this situation and includes this region in the union territory of Ladakh.

The stumbling block for the parties is the issue of ownership of the mountainous territories in the north of Kashmir and part of the Indian state of Archunachal Pradesh. This dispute became the cause of the border war in 1962, as a result of which a line of de facto control appeared in Aksaychin. Then India lost part of its lands in the Himalayas.

And although the parties entered into a settlement agreement, the claims still exist: China is still trying to gain control over 3.5 thousand square meters. km in the Indian Archunachal Pradesh, and India accuses Beijing of illegal occupation of more than 43 thousand square meters. km in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Read more: Indian Su-30s intercepted Chinese helicopters near to the control line in Ladakh

Various skirmishes between Chinese and Indian border guards on the disputed land occur regularly. However, in May they became especially intense due to the buildup of the contingent, first by Beijing, and then by New Delhi.

During the clashes between the military on June 15-16, the dead appeared. The Indian side officially confirmed the deaths of three of its soldiers, while the Chinese did not provide any information. The Indian agency ANI, citing sources, wrote that as a result of the clash, India lost at least 20 military personnel, and the Chinese side – 43 people killed and seriously wounded.

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