US House of Representatives banned Trump’s administration from conducting nuclear tests
WASHINGTON, (BM) – The House of Representatives of the US Congress passed an amendment to the defense budget, which aims to prevent the Donald Trump administration from conducting nuclear tests, according to the results of the vote, learned BulgarianMilitary.com.
The House of Representatives voted 227 to 179 in favor of the amendment prohibiting the allocation of funds for nuclear tests with any level of radioactive emissions.
This amendment is not in the version of the defense budget, which is being discussed in the Senate, so it will have to be coordinated by the two chambers of Congress, and only in this case it can appear in the final version of the bill.
Senator Tom Cotton has proposed up to $ 10 million for nuclear test projects “if needed.”
The majority of Democrats in the House of Representatives have introduced similar bans in two other bills, which must be adopted in the near future. Democrats fear an arms race, including with Russia and China, if the US is the first to resume nuclear testing.
Utah Rep. Ben McAdams said the state’s residents are still suffering from the effects of decades of nuclear testing. “Why should we take this path again?” – asked McAdams in a statement quoted by Hill.
At the same time, the Republican from Wyoming Liz Cheney said that the rejection of nuclear tests is tantamount to unilateral weapons.
“This ban only encourages our adversaries and undermines the confidence of our allies in our nuclear umbrella,” Cheney said.
As early as May, the Pentagon was ready for nuclear tests
As we reported on May this year, the Pentagon announced the ability to prepare for nuclear testing in a few months if received the appropriate order from the president. This was told then by the acting assistant secretary of defense for nuclear affairs Drew Walter.
“I think this can happen relatively quickly,” a Pentagon spokesman said in response to a Defense News question about short-term nuclear testing for technical or geopolitical reasons.
Walter explained that a “very quick test with limited data collection capabilities” could be done in a few months. At the same time, he noted that large-scale tests will require longer preparation – a year or more.
As The Washington Post reported earlier, citing informed sources, senior officials from the US administration on May 15 discussed the possibility of conducting the first nuclear test since 1992.
The source said that officials did not reach such an agreement, but it was decided to take other measures in response to threats allegedly emanating from Russia and China.
April 10, it became known that the United States modernized almost 20 nuclear warheads that are located in Germany. Nuclear warheads at a military base in Büchel are part of the NATO program.
Officially, neither the German nor the American side confirms their placement. At the same time, the Pentagon announced the need to deploy nuclear weapons in NATO countries.
The Russian Foreign Ministry warned the United States against the deployment of nuclear weapons in Europe, which only exacerbates relations between Russia and the alliance.
The Strategic Offensive Arms Reduction Treaty (START III) was signed in 2010 and entered into force in 2011. It remains the only current arms limitation treaty between Russia and the United States. The agreement expires in February 2021.
Russia claims to comply with all provisions of the nuclear test treaty
Russia strictly adheres to the moratorium on nuclear tests and complies with all provisions of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), the Russian Foreign Ministry said, as we reported on July 4.
“We officially confirm that Russia continues to strictly adhere to the announced moratorium on nuclear tests, as well as to comply with the provisions of the CTBT in terms of the test ban – despite the fact that the treaty has not entered into force,” the Foreign Ministry said.
“Unlike the United States, we ratified it 20 years ago and are successfully fulfilling it. At the same time, we proceed from the assumption that any disagreements regarding the criteria for compliance with the relevant obligations can and should be settled within the framework of the CTBT after its entry into force,” the Russian Foreign Policy said. department.
The Russian Foreign Ministry added that until the United States ratified this treaty, it is counterproductive to discuss with the representatives of this country the problems of compliance with the obligations in the field of a ban on nuclear tests.
The Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) was signed in 1996, but a number of countries, including the United States and China, have not yet ratified it, unlike Russia, which did so in 2000.
At the same time, the countries with nuclear weapons undertook voluntary commitments not to conduct such tests. The United States maintains its own “zero power” standard, which is not internationally recognized, but by which it judges other countries’ policies.
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