Egyptian parliament gave ‘green light’ to the army to enter Libya
CAIRO, (BM) – The Egyptian parliament on Monday [July 20 – ed.] unanimously approved and gave a green light for possible dispatch of the country’s military to carry out combat missions outside Egypt, having regard to Libya, learned BulgarianMilitary.com citing the the country’s state televisio. The meeting was attended by 510 deputies.
“Parliament unanimously approved the dispatch of members of the Egyptian armed forces to perform combat missions outside the country to protect national security in the strategic western direction against armed criminal groups and foreign terrorists,” the state TV reported.
“During a historic meeting, the parliament discussed the results of a meeting of the Egyptian Security Council held on Sunday under the leadership of President (Abdel Fattah) el-Sisi, and threats to the state from the west,” the channel said.
The issue was discussed during the meeting behind closed doors without the presence of the press. Deputy Minister of Defense of Egypt Mamduh Shahin was in the hall.
According to the Egyptian constitution, the president of the country can declare war or send Egyptian troops to carry out a combat mission outside the country after obtaining the consent of the parliament.
The deputy head of the Committee on Arab Affairs of the Egyptian Parliament, Ahmad Imbabi, previously told RIA Novosti that the parliament plans to discuss a possible dispatch of Egyptian troops to Libya on Sunday or Monday. He expects that the majority of MPs will vote for this decision.
Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi on Thursday met in Cairo with sheikhs and elders of the Libyan tribes. The meeting was held as part of a conference entitled “Egypt and Libya: One People and One Fate.”
During the conference, representatives of the tribes of Libya confirmed the call to Egypt to support the Libyan army and tribes to liberate the country.
At the end of June, el-Sisi announced that his country was ready to help the Libyan tribes in the fight against foreign interference by training and arming them. The president also noted that any direct intervention of Egypt in Libya now has legitimacy under international law.
According to him, the “red line” for the advancement of troops is the city of Sirte, located about 900 kilometers from the border with Egypt, and the province of Jufra.
Last week, Egypt held a large-scale military exercise on the border with Libya, code-named “Resolve 2020”, in which all branches of the Egyptian armed forces took part.
Why did this “urgent” decision come from the Egyptian parliament?
As we reported earlier today [June 20 – ed.] the Libyan National Accord Government (GNA), headed by Faiz Sarraj, has gathered to attack the Libyan National Army (LNA) forces of Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar to recapture the strategically important city of Sirte.
It was also noted that Turkey sent missile launchers to Libya and were located near Sirte. It is specified that their firing range is approximately 40 kilometers. Other weapons and ammunition were also brought to the position.
Earlier today [June 20 – ed.] the Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukri said that the aggravation of the conflict in Libya and the involvement of allied forces affects the security of all Arab countries.
“Egypt seeks to bring the differences to a political consensus that will preserve the stability and security of Libyan lands from the intervention of extremist militias and external parties,” he explained.
At the same time, Turkey insists on increasing the number of military equipment and inciting armed clashes, the politician said.
Shawkri also said that Egypt, which is an ally of the Haftar army, will continue to monitor developments in Libya. The decision to send his own troops to the conflict territory will be made by Egyptian President Abdul-Fattah Khalil el-Sisi later.
Egypt opposed Turkish intervention in Arab affairs
As early as the middle of last month Egypt opposed to Turkey’s political and military intervention in the affairs of the Arab countries.
According to Egyptian Foreign Ministry spokesman statement of the Foreign Ministry spokesman, the foreign ministry “is surprised at the statements of some Turkish officials about the illegitimacy of the call of the authorities in eastern Libya to Egypt for support in countering extremism and terrorism.”
“Egypt opposes Turkey’s political and military intervention in the affairs of Arab countries, which not only lacks any legal basis, but also violates Security Council resolutions, whether in Iraq, Syria or Libya,” the Foreign Ministry said in a statement.
Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi met then in Cairo with sheikhs and elders of the Libyan tribes.
The UN has called for dialogue and mediators
The time has come to resolve the conflict in Libya with the help of mediators, one of which is Algeria. This was stated by the Acting Special Representative of the UN Secretary General for Libya Stephanie Williams, reports Algeria press service.
“We are working under the auspices of the Berlin Agreement, of which Algeria is a part, to try to find ways of a political solution to the crisis in Libya. In addition, you need to deal with the economy,” said the representative of the organization. According to her, this path will open the way for the Libyans to dialogue for the further development of the country.
January 19 in Berlin hosted an international conference to resolve the situation in Libya. The leaders of Russia, Germany, France, Great Britain, Turkey, Egypt, as well as the UN Secretary General, the head of the European Commission and representatives of other international organizations took part in the negotiations.
As a result, Saraj and Haftar promised to adhere to the agreements reached, but a month later the LNA forces fired at a Turkish ship in the port of Tripoli, controlled by the GNA. Because of this, Saraj refused further negotiations with Haftar.
Libyan civil war
Having ruled the country since 1969, Muammar Gaddafi was ousted and killed in the 2011 civil war. As a result, the country found itself in a situation of dual power: in the east, a parliament is sitting in Tobruk, supported by the Libyan national army, Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar, and in the west, in Tripoli, a government of national accord.
In Libya, armed clashes are currently taking place between supporters of different leaders. The country is led by the Government of National Accord (GNA), headed by Prime Minister Fayez Saraj, the “eastern government” led by Abdullah Abdurrahaman at-Thani.
The eastern government is supported by the commander of the Libyan National Army, Khalifa Haftar.
Recall that January 13 in Moscow, negotiations were held between the heads of the Libyan National Army (LNA) Khalif Haftar and the Government of National Accord (GNA) Faiz Sarraj. Also present were members of the Foreign Ministries of Russia and Turkey.
On the meeting the commander of the Libyan National Army (LNA), Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar, has notified Russia about the conditions for continuing negotiations on the signing of a peace agreement in Libya.
According to the requirements of Haftar, the militias operating in Libya are required to surrender weapons in the period from 45 to 90 days. This process should be controlled by a special commission created by the LNA together with the UN.
Haftar also refused to recognize Turkey as an intermediary in resolving the situation in Libya, since the Turkish side is not neutral and supports the Government of National Accord (GNA).
At the same time, the GNA is actively supporting Turkey, and Egypt and Saudi Arabia are on the side of the LNA. Its unofficial allies are France and the UAE.
Ruling the country since 1969, Muammar Gaddafi was overthrown and killed during the 2011 civil war. As a result, the country found itself in a situation of dual power: in the east, a parliament sits in Tobruk, supported by the Libyan national army of Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar, and in the west in Tripoli, a government of national accord. At the same time, the PNC actively supports Turkey, and Egypt and Saudi Arabia are on the side of the LNA. Its unofficial allies are France and the UAE.
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