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Indian paratroopers landing near the contested Pangong lake in Ladakh [video]

NEW DELHI, (BM) – Indian defence minister Rajnath Singh is on a two-day visit to Ladakh; he is accompanied by Chief of Defence Staff General Bipin Rawat and Army Chief General MM Naravane, learned BulgarianMilitary.com.

Read more: Tension remains: India failed to reduce tension on border with China in Ladakh

His visit has come at a time when India and China are still in talks to disengage troops along the Line of Actual Control and resolve the conflict.

Indian army personnel para-dropped near contested peak Pangong Tso, which is at a height of 4,350 metres, at Stakna area of the Leh district in Ladakh on Friday during defence minister Rajnath Singh’s visit.

In the video, they can be seen jumping off the Lockheed C-130 Hercules and a view of Himalayas in the Eastern Ladakh sector, followed by smooth landing.

​Earlier in the day, Indian armed forces had carried out other military exercises in the Stakna area.

The Indian defence minister’s visit comes at a time when India and China have been engaged in negotiations to disengage in Depsang Valley and Pangong lake – where the China’s People’s Liberation Army has been camping in the four finger region of Pangong Tso, an area which had historically been under India’s control.

​India and China have been engaged in a border standoff in the Eastern Ladakh sector and other different points along the 4,057-km Line of Actual Control since the last week of April.

India failed to reduce tension on border with China in Ladakh

India’s efforts to de-escalate tensions with China on the line of effective control (LAC) in East Ladakh have so far failed, as we reported on July 6.

Read more: China is withdrawing from the Indian border according an Indian source

“Two months after the clashes between Indian and Chinese troops in eastern Ladakh, the situation in this area remains tense. The Indian-Chinese negotiations at the military and diplomatic level did not lead to a mitigation of the situation,” sources in Indian military circles told the publication.

According to them, “despite the agreements reached on a phased withdrawal of troops, they continue to remain in their positions.” “This makes the situation in eastern Ladakh dangerous and unpredictable,” the sources indicated. “It is becoming increasingly apparent that the army groups of India and China in Ladakh are likely to maintain their former deployment until winter.”

Last month, the Hindustan Times recalls, in response to the concentration of units of the People’s Liberation Army of China (PLA), India deployed three army divisions and two regiments of T-90 tanks to the region. New Delhi is currently considering acquiring Predator strike drones from the United States to increase the combat capabilities of its troops in the LAC zone.

US and Russia are still trying to prevent a war between India and China

US President Donald Trump said on June 21 that the American side is negotiating with India and China and is trying to help these countries overcome problems in relations.

“We are negotiating with India, we are negotiating with China. They have big problems,” Trump quotes TASS.

Read more: India plans to invest heavily in five wide-range Russian combat jets

He noted that the situation was “very tough” and that India and China had already reached physical clashes.

“We will try to help them,” the American leader added.

Earlier at the same day [June 21 – ed.], a spokesman for the Russian president, Dmitry Peskov, said that Moscow hoped that India and China would show diplomatic and political wisdom in order to prevent new exacerbations.

“Of course, we are worried about this incident, and we hope and are confident that both New Delhi and Beijing will show diplomatic and political wisdom so that they can independently find out wording without interference from any states that will allow them to avoid further such exacerbations,” said a Kremlin spokesman.

China has begun withdrawing its troops from the conflict zone

As we reported on July 8 and according several sources from Indian Ministry of Defence China began to withdraw troops from areas along the disputed Indian border in the Himalayas.

On Monday [July 6 – ed.], the Chinese army was seen assembling tents and dismantling structures at a location in the Galwan Valley in Himalayan Ladakh, close to where the clashes took place in June, India’s government sources said, reserving anonymity.

Also vehicles retreating from this area, as well as from Hotsprings and Gogra, two other disputed border zones, were seen – sources, cited by Reuters, said.

Read more: France will deliver Rafale fighter jets to India without delay

Asked whether China withdrew the equipment from the Galvanian Valley, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said both sides were “taking effective steps to alleviate the situation at the border.”

“We hope that India will meet with China halfway and take concrete steps to implement what both sides have agreed, will remain in close contact through diplomatic and military channels, and work together to ease” tension on the border,” said Zhao at a press conference.

Gathering of military forces

On June 6 China began deployment of large military group to the border with India, which, in particular, including many tanks, armored personnel carriers, infantry fighting vehicles and other armored vehicles.

On published footage is visible countless infantry fighting vehicles waiting to be dispatched on railway platforms, Type-96 tanks on tractors, as well as the arrival of units at the deployment site.

At the same time, a large convoy of Indian military trucks was deployed towards the disputed region.

What happened?

On the night of June 15-16, clashes between the Indian and Chinese military occurred in the area of ​​the Galvan River in the Union territory of Ladakh. According to Indian army sources cited by local media, no firearms were used – sticks and stones were used. At least 20 Indian soldiers were killed, 76 wounded, sources in the Indian army also claim that about 45 Chinese soldiers were killed and wounded.

Read more: India is ready to spend $2,6B for new naval helicopters by US’ Lockheed Martin

The situation in Ladakh escalated after clashes took place in early May with the participation of about 250 Chinese and Indian soldiers. More than 100 people were injured on both sides. Subsequently, India and China said they were making efforts to maintain stability.

Unresolved issue of drawing the border line between the former British India and Tibet. Two sections were considered controversial. One of them, with an area of ​​518 km², is located in the north-eastern part of Kashmir, also known as Aksai Chin.

The second disputed region is located in the northern part of the modern state of Arunachal Pradesh, occupies an area of ​​82.88 thousand km² along a border area of ​​approximately 700 km in length.

One of the reasons for the aggravation of relations between the countries was the fact that India discovered a road built by China through Aksai Chin, apparently constructed to improve access to Tibet, where the situation was tense then. In 1960, the PRC proposed to give India the eastern disputed site in exchange for free hands within the western.

According to another version, the real reason for the Chinese invasion was India’s political asylum to the fourteenth Dalai Lama, who fled from Tibet after the Chinese captured this country.

Background

Unresolved issue of drawing the border line between the former British India and Tibet. Two sections were considered controversial. One of them, with an area of ​​518 km², is located in the north-eastern part of Kashmir, also known as Aksai Chin.

The second disputed region is located in the northern part of the modern state of Arunachal Pradesh, occupies an area of ​​82.88 thousand km² along a border area of ​​approximately 700 km in length.

Read more: Because of China, India found Australia as its military ally

One of the reasons for the aggravation of relations between the countries was the fact that India discovered a road built by China through Aksai Chin, apparently constructed to improve access to Tibet, where the situation was tense then. In 1960, the PRC proposed to give India the eastern disputed site in exchange for free hands within the western.

According to another version, the real reason for the Chinese invasion was India’s political asylum to the fourteenth Dalai Lama, who fled from Tibet after the Chinese captured this country.

Read more: India buys integrated air defense weapon system (IADWS) from the US

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