Russia put into operation the strategic missile nuclear submarine Prince Oleg
MOSCOW, (BM) – The strategic missile submarine prince Oleg was removed from the structure for the construction and maintenance of ships and launched, learned BulgarianMilitary.com.
“These ships will determine the appearance of the Russian Navy in the 21st century. I sincerely want to express my deep gratitude to everyone who hand in hand with us all these years painstakingly built this ship every day. We see the result of labor today in this ship,” said Mikhail Budnichenko, CEO of Sevmash.
After the cruiser was taken out of the maintenance workshop, he moved to the pool of the enterprise. Soon the ship will undergo factory and state tests.
The serial nuclear-powered submarine cruiser Prince Oleg was built according to the improved Borey-A project and belongs to the fourth generation of nuclear-powered submarines. In addition, the submarine is equipped with Bulava intercontinental ballistic missiles, writes Gazeta.ru.
The Director General of the United Shipbuilding Corporation Alexei Rakhmanov on June 29 announced that the submarine Prince Oleg will be part of the Russian Navy this year.
In March, the Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy, Admiral Nikolai Evmenov, said that a fifth-generation submarine with even more advanced characteristics was being developed in the country.
Russia prepares to launch new nuclear submarine with six autonomous nuclear-armed drones
As we reported on May 8 the new nuclear submarine Khabarovsk may be launched at the end of June 2020.
According to available information, the Khabarovsk will be significantly different from the first Poseidon nuclear torpedo carrier. The new submarine, among other things, should be significantly smaller than the K-329 Belgorod.
Experts ambiguously evaluate the prospects of this complex. Some believe that this is a “reincarnation” of the project of the thermonuclear Soviet torpedo T-15, the development of which was carried out in the 40s of the XX century.
Military observers point to the low (against the background of the military equipment of ballistic missiles) torpedo speed, as well as its potential vulnerability to intercept. Russia, however, does not intend to abandon the production of the Poseidon torpedo: at least, such information has not been received.
Russian nuclear submarine drones change the rules of the game, Forbes said
One of the reasons for the effectiveness of U.S. Navy submarines is that their large teams, exceeding 100 people, are able to cope with emergencies and ensure that their submarines are at sea for many months in a row. Russian submarines have smaller teams, and, as a rule, their submarines cannot be at sea for such a long time. But if the revolution in robotics begins to push us to create submarines without a crew on board, will Russia then have an advantage?
Autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) are a hot topic today. They are able to carry out espionage missions, but more and more it comes to the fulfillment of such tasks that today are assigned to submarines with crew. The US Naval Orca XLUUV (extra large uninhabited submarine) increases the capabilities of the AUV and thus provides a transition to the traditional space of submarines.
However, the Orca submarine is still far behind modern forward-line attack submarines. This is mainly due to the fact that the Orca has a diesel marching engine. Standard modern submarines, at least in the context of the United States, are equipped with nuclear power plants. This increases their power, and also provides them with an almost unlimited range. In addition, they do not have to pop up in order to recharge their batteries. As a result, they are generally more difficult to detect, and they are more likely to escape prosecution if discovered.
But can a nuclear submarine become fully automated? The Russians believe that such an option is possible.
Russia is investing in the development and creation of fully automated nuclear reactors for underwater vehicles. The first to come to mind is a huge Poseidon intercontinental autonomous torpedo equipped with a nuclear power plant and nuclear warhead. Often this device is called a drone, however, in fact, it is a weapon. It is designed for a one-way route, and it does not have the characteristics that are necessary for submarines to perform normal operations.
However, Russia has another autonomous submarine reactor designed for continuous operations. Autonomous Nuclear Turbine Generator (ATGU) is designed to supply electricity to the infrastructure located on the bottom of the sea and under the ice crust. However, the Russian design bureau Malachite proposed using this installation on conventional submarines that perform their operations under ice. Such a “Service Submarine” will still have its own team, but its members will carry out other tasks. The device itself and its propulsion system will be fully automatic and will not need the presence of a person.
Thus, Russia has the opportunity to combine atomic turbine generators with drone technology to create the world’s first uninhabited shock nuclear submarine.
The exclusion of man from this equation not only frees up more space, but also significantly reduces the need for electricity. According to Rachel Pawling, a lecturer in the design and construction of naval ships at University College London, more than 30% of the electricity consumption on board a submarine, not counting the power plant consumption, falls on the service of staying on board the team. We are talking about life support, lighting and freezing food.
The capabilities of this kind of autonomous strike submarine are likely to be limited in comparison with existing nuclear strike submarines. However, they will have an advantage as a result of the unlimited duration of their missions (until some kind of failure occurs), lower cost, and also, to some extent, they can be consumables. And they, by definition, will be significantly more powerful than the largest non-nuclear autonomous underwater vehicles.
How long will the West take to develop such technologies? Current Western nuclear reactors were designed for submarines with crew on board. This greatly influenced their design, and therefore a completely new reactor design will be required. And new projects will be needed to overcome the challenges associated with finding financial and human resources. Not to mention the negative impact on the environment.
Thus, regardless of whether it is a good or bad idea to have completely maintenance-free atomic reactors in autonomous submarines, we will most likely see such devices in the Russian Navy long before they appear in any Western power.
The United States has already warned of Russian submarines in the Mediterranean
Russia is turning the Eastern Mediterranean into one of the most militarized zones in the world thanks to the presence of submarines. This opinion was shared by the commander of the US Navy in Europe and Africa, James Foggo said on June 27.
“The Russians are deploying quiet, modern diesel submarines armed with Caliber,” Foggo quotes Stars and Stripes. He noted that Russian submarines are capable of moving in different parts in European waters and can hit missiles in any capital of Europe or Africa.
Thus, according to him, the military needs to be especially careful. In addition, he warned of the possibility of Russian forces strengthening their positions in Libya. “Now think about what Russia is doing in the Crimea and Tartus and what kind of threat they can pose by acquiring a stronghold in Libya,” Foggo added.
A few days ago it became known that the Admiral Makarov frigate of the Black Sea Fleet, equipped with Caliber cruise missiles, would strengthen the Navy’s group in the Mediterranean.
In April, the American magazine The National Interest rated the quiet and almost elusive Russian submarine Severodvinsk of the Ash class. Journalists then remembered that several years ago, the US Navy lost the Russian submarine Severodvinsk in the Atlantic Ocean.
The US Navy cannot track Russian submarines.
The American National Interest magazine appreciated the Russian submarines of the Ash project and the stealth of these submarines, because of which the United States lost their mark in the past.
The magazine reminded the words of Rear Admiral of the American Navy Dave Johnson, who was so impressed by Severodvinsk, the lead ship of the project, that he ordered his model for his office, “so as not to forget what the Navy will have to deal with.”
One of the advantages of “Ash” submarines is stealth. So, in 2018, when the Russian submarine sailed in the Atlantic Ocean, the US military could not find it for several weeks. The whole thing, NI explains, is in a case made of low-magnetic steel, which significantly reduces the magnetic signature of the submarine.
In peacetime, losing a Russian submarine is a headache. During a conflict, losing a track of a submarine is a mortal danger,” the author concluded.
Submarines of the Ash project are a series of fourth-generation domestic multi-purpose submarines. The lead ship of the project – the nuclear submarine Severodvinsk – entered the fleet in 2014.
This fall, the Kazan submarine, designed under the modernized Yasen-M project, is also expected to be adopted. As part of this series, the domestic fleet should also receive the submarines Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, Arkhangelsk, Perm, Ulyanovsk and two more ships.
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