Turkey tried to detect weaknesses of the S-400 missile system during tests

MOSCOW, (BM) – Tests of the S-400 by the Turkish military made it possible to assess the effectiveness of the Russian systems, and probably to find weaknesses, learned BulgarianMilitary.com citing the former deputy commander of the air defense forces of the USSR Ground Forces, Lieutenant General Alexander Luzan.

Read more: Russia and Turkey discuss the supply of an additional batch of S-400 missile system

“During the test of S-400 anti-aircraft missile systems, the Turkish military discovered aircraft and carried out so-called electronic launches on them. This allows us to simultaneously study the features of the application, evaluate the effectiveness, perhaps another goal was to find the weaknesses of the system,” Luzan told RIA Novosti.

He explained that it is “technically impossible” to extract technologies from the S-400, because Turkey has to study these systems “empirically”.

In November 2019, Turkey also tested S-400 radar stations using the F-16 U.S. fighter-bombers. The tests were filmed on video. The United States expressed concern about this.

As we reported on July 8 the functionality of the Russian S-400 air defense systems was tested on American fighters, which approached the Turkish air base.

Testing passed despite a US warning about the possible imposition of sanctions. Similar weapons tests took place in the fall of 2019. Earlier, the purchase of S-400 by Turkey became a stumbling block in relations with the United States.

Read more: Top 5 best anti-aircraft missile systems in the World

Not far from Ankara, the Turkish military began new tests of anti-aircraft missile systems (SAM) S-400. They sent them from the Myurt air base against the American F-16 and F-4 fighters, according to Fighter Jets World.

The portal notes that testing of Russian weapons began on July 4 and will last several months – until November 26. According to the publication, the Turkish authorities ignored the US warning about the possible imposition of sanctions in the event of air defense missile tests.

Russian-Turkish talks on S-400s second batch delivery are in an advanced stage

As we reported on June 2 the negotiations between Russia and Turkey on the delivery of the second set of S-400 Triumph anti-aircraft systems are in an advanced stage.

“Negotiations are underway, this is a laborious process that requires a certain amount of time. But given the current restrictions in connection with the pandemic, it is not very grateful to predict the terms of concluding this contract,” the head of the Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation (FSMTC) Dmitry Shugaev said then.

Read more: Russia and Turkey will start joint production of S-400 defense system and transfer of technologies

Shugaev noted that at the moment the parties are awaiting the final decision of Turkey.

In May Turkey has blocked the access of Russian military to S-400 systems

Earlier May the Russian military was banned from being at military facilities where the ongoing deployment of S-400 air defense / missile defense systems, according the head of the Turkish Defense Industry Directorate Ismail Demir statement.

According to Demir, control over the S-400 completely passes to the Turkish military, and the maintenance of these complexes will be entrusted to Turkish companies.

“The head of the defense industry, Ismail Demir, said that the installation process for the S-400 air defense and missile defense system, which was delayed due to coronavirus, is ongoing <…> Russian employees will not be able to access the S-400 batteries as they wish” Demir said – “The installation process of the S-400 systems continues, and some systems were put into operation. Although the supply agreement includes items such as training, maintenance, and technical support, the Russian personnel will not be able to access the S-400 batteries as they please. This is our red line. Turkish companies and the Turkish Air Force will be the parties that relate to systems and do business” said the Turkish Miliyet news publication.

What exactly is the reason for the Russian military’s blocking access to the S-400s located in Turkey is unknown.

Experts believe that this is due to possible risks that Russia can really gain control of the Turkish S-400s, since this country is a member of NATO.

Read more: Russian S-400 anti-aircraft systems tested on American aircraft in Turkey

It is not known exactly when it is planned to complete the deployment of the S-400 in Turkey, however, earlier there was information that the process could drag on until the end of this year, due to the very serious economic problems of Ankara and the intention to get a loan from the United States.

What S-400 missile system is?

S-400 Triumph is a Russian long-range and medium-range anti-aircraft missile system, anti-aircraft missile system (SAM). S-400 is designed to destroy all modern and promising means of aerospace attack [including hypersonic].

According to Western analysts, the S-400, along with systems such as the Iskander OTRK and coastal anti-ship systems of the Bastion class, plays a key role in the new concept of the Russian Armed Forces, known in the West as the “Access Denied Zone” [Anti-Access / Area Denial, A2 / AD], which consists in the fact that NATO troops cannot be and move within the range of A2 / AD restricted area systems without the risk of causing unacceptable damage to them.

Triumph is the name of the export version. The market price of one division of the S-400 anti-aircraft missile system is about $ 500 million.

Technical characteristics of S-400 missile system

The performance characteristics of the S-400 Triumph are: detects a target at a distance of 600 km; strikes a target at a distance of 400 km; the maximum speed of the hit targets – 4.8 km / s; at the same time can fire 36 targets with pointing up to 72 missiles on them; deployment time of the system from the stowed state – 5-10 minutes; the time to bring the system’s assets into combat readiness from the deployed state is 3 minutes.

How does the Triumph air defense system work?

The S-400 Triumph is not just an installation for launching missiles, but a whole complex of coordinated and complex systems, the components of which are located on high-cross-country vehicles.

Read more: Russian S-400 missile system intercepted the Ukrainian Neptune cruise missile

The entire process from detecting to destroying a target occurs automatically:

  • The radar system (radar) detects hundreds of targets within a radius of 600 km and determines their nationality.
  • Data is sent to the command post (55K6E). He, in turn, distributes targets between several launchers (5P85TE2).
  • Each command post can simultaneously control eight air defense systems, each of which carries up to 12 launchers. They, in turn, accommodate four missiles with different masses, launch ranges and capabilities.
  • Depending on the type of target, an air defense system selects a missile. The S-400 Triumph is armed with missiles with different weights, launch ranges and capabilities: 48N6E, 48N6E2, 48N6E3, 9M96E and 9M96E2.
  • Ultra-long-range missiles (up to 400 km) are capable of destroying targets even beyond the reach of targeting locators, for which they have unique homing heads. After climbing at the command of such a rocket itself goes into search mode.


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