Turkey has tested Russia’s S-400 missile system to detect F-22s and F-35s
MOSCOW, (BM) – Turkey tested the delivered Russian S-400 Triumph on fifth-generation American fighters, learned BulgarianMilitary.com citing the Evening Courier and Fighter Jets World magazines.
The test results were not disclosed, but judging by the lack of complaints, it can be assumed that the country is completely satisfied with the complexes.
We are talking about the Russian S-400 air defense systems deployed at the Myurt airbase. Triumphs were tested at least three times on American stealth. AviaPro news agency indicates that not only F-35 aircraft, but also more classified F-22s appeared in the detection range of systems.
Fifth generation fighters were sent to rotation in the Middle East through the Black Sea and directly Turkey. Their route ran approximately 170-200 kilometers from the Turkish Air Force Airbase Myurt. Therefore, the Turkish side had a great opportunity to test the complexes for aerodynamic purposes.
“The Russian Federation supplied Turkey with two batteries of the S-400 system from July to September. S-400s are currently based at Myrted Air Base, located near the Turkish capital. Tests are scheduled to continue until the end of the year” Fighter Jets World magazine informed.
The Turkish department reported that Russian systems are being deployed and tested. It is likely that they are already ready for combat duty. However, it is possible that Turkey wants to get NATO approval to avoid criticism.
This is not the first test of Turkish S-400 over American fighter
Om November last year a video materials appeared on the network showing the testing of the S-400 anti-aircraft missile system in Turkey. We are talking about a complex that was partially acquired from Russia with the funds allocated by Moscow.
Testing of S-400 air defense systems is carried out using F-16 and F-4E aircraft. We are talking about tests of radar systems. S-400 radars were installed on the territory of the military base of Kahramankazan (Myurt) (formerly Akynchy) in the Ankara region. First of all, the air defense base is covering the capital and the airport.
Turkey has crossed ‘another red line’ by starting tests of the radar detection system it purchased from Russia as part of the S-400 missile defense system, US Senator for Maryland Christopher Van Hollen said.
“Two weeks after his WH [White House] visit, [Turkish President Recep Tayyip] Erdogan is thumbing his nose at Trump, the U.S. + NATO, and crossing another red line on S-400s,” Van Hollen said in a Twitter post, attaching an article on the issue.
“Existing law requires Trump to impose sanctions. Pompeo must also confront Turkey about its latest ‘safe zone’ violations and attacks against the Kurds,” the US senator added.
The United States has wanted to buy S-400 missile systems from Turkey
As we reported on June 30 the United States can buy Russian-made S-400 anti-aircraft missile systems (SAM), which are in service with the Turkish army, as part of legislative initiatives proposed in the Senate.
According to the publications, such a move will allow the United States and Turkey to break the impasse regarding the participation of Ankara in the program for the production of fifth-generation fighter aircraft of the fifth generation F-35 Lightning II.
According to Defense News, a corresponding amendment was proposed by John Thune, the Republican Senate faction’s organizer for the Senate [representative of South Dakota], to the draft law on budgetary allocations for national defense for the fiscal year 2021 (2021 National Defense Authorization Act, 2021 NDAA).
It involves the redemption of the S-400 complexes that Turkey has at the expense of the US Army budget for the acquisition of missile weapons.
In turn, Senate Republican Committee Chairman Jim Rish (representative of Idaho) proposed a tougher amendment requiring President Donald Trump’s administration to impose sanctions on Turkey under the CAATSA (Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act) 30 days after the entry of the 2021 NDAA in force, Defense News notes.
Russian-Turkish S-400 deal background
Russia and Turkey signed a multi-billion dollar contract for the supply of S-400 Triumph air defense systems in 2017. The deal provoked strong discontent from the United States. Washington threatened Ankara with sanctions, and then expelled her from the F-35 fighter program.
On April 30, an official representative of the Turkish leader, Ibrahim Kalyn, announced the suspension of the transaction for the supply of S-400 systems due to the coronavirus.
What S-400 missile system is?
S-400 Triumph is a Russian long-range and medium-range anti-aircraft missile system, anti-aircraft missile system (SAM). S-400 is designed to destroy all modern and promising means of aerospace attack [including hypersonic].
According to Western analysts, the S-400, along with systems such as the Iskander OTRK and coastal anti-ship systems of the Bastion class, plays a key role in the new concept of the Russian Armed Forces, known in the West as the “Access Denied Zone” [Anti-Access / Area Denial, A2 / AD], which consists in the fact that NATO troops cannot be and move within the range of A2 / AD restricted area systems without the risk of causing unacceptable damage to them.
Triumph is the name of the export version. The market price of one division of the S-400 anti-aircraft missile system is about $ 500 million.
Technical characteristics of S-400 missile system
The performance characteristics of the S-400 Triumph are: detects a target at a distance of 600 km; strikes a target at a distance of 400 km; the maximum speed of the hit targets – 4.8 km / s; at the same time can fire 36 targets with pointing up to 72 missiles on them; deployment time of the system from the stowed state – 5-10 minutes; the time to bring the system’s assets into combat readiness from the deployed state is 3 minutes.
How does the Triumph air defense system work?
The S-400 Triumph is not just an installation for launching missiles, but a whole complex of coordinated and complex systems, the components of which are located on high-cross-country vehicles.
The entire process from detecting to destroying a target occurs automatically:
- The radar system (radar) detects hundreds of targets within a radius of 600 km and determines their nationality.
- Data is sent to the command post (55K6E). He, in turn, distributes targets between several launchers (5P85TE2).
- Each command post can simultaneously control eight air defense systems, each of which carries up to 12 launchers. They, in turn, accommodate four missiles with different masses, launch ranges and capabilities.
- Depending on the type of target, an air defense system selects a missile. The S-400 Triumph is armed with missiles with different weights, launch ranges and capabilities: 48N6E, 48N6E2, 48N6E3, 9M96E and 9M96E2.
- Ultra-long-range missiles (up to 400 km) are capable of destroying targets even beyond the reach of targeting locators, for which they have unique homing heads. After climbing at the command of such a rocket itself goes into search mode.
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