The third-generation Russian Armata tank was tested in unmanned mode
MOSCOW, (BM) – The third-generation Russian Armata tank during preliminary tests worked out the operating mode without a crew, a source in the military-industrial complex told RIA Novosti, learned BulgarianMilitary.com.
In 2016, the former head of the main armored directorate of the Ministry of Defense, Alexander Shevchenko, said in an interview with RIA Novosti that an unmanned robotic version of the latest T-14 Armata tank will be created in 2018.
According to him, the uniqueness of the new vehicles lies in the presence of an open digital architecture, which created the “reinforced concrete basis for the robotics of armored vehicles.”
At the Army-2018 forum, the Russian Ministry of Defense signed a contract for the purchase of 132 combat vehicles T-14 and T-15 from the Uralvagonzavod on the Armata platform. As previously reported by Deputy Minister of Defense Alexei Krivoruchko, the entire contract will be completed before the end of 2021.
“Children’s diseases” at Armata have passed, the developer said
The stage of “childhood diseases” for equipment on the Armata platform has passed, Mikhail Begman, head of the Uralvagonzavod brigade preparing equipment for the Victory Parade, told RIA Novosti on June 26 this year.
“Speaking about Armata, on the whole, we have studied the technique over these five years, we are used to it and already know where there are some nuances. I would say that Armata went through the stage of childhood diseases. And now I am absolutely calm when she goes to rehearsals. Of course, anxiety, responsibility was present, but there were no vain experiences,” Begman said at the end of the parade on Red Square, without specifying what kind of “diseases” were in question.
According to him, the main task of his team, which has more than 50 people, is to carry out diagnostics of equipment, ongoing maintenance, and somewhere else, training of crews after each rehearsal.
“We advise, advise. Our experts also analyze the operation of on-board electronic and mechanical systems and equipment. In short, our task is to ensure the reliable functioning and operation of equipment both during preparation and during the Victory Parade,” the agency’s source said.
Begman recalled that from the Uralvagonzavod along the cobblestones of Red Square there passed equipment on the Armata platform: the T-14 tank and BMP T-15 with new 57-mm weapons “Dagger”, T-90M “Breakthrough” tanks, support combat vehicles Terminator tanks, as well as T-72B3 tanks with additional protection, T-80BVM, Derivation-PVO combat vehicles, and Coalition-SV self-propelled guns.
Armata successful passed combat tests in Syria
In Syria, Russian army tested the latest Russian tank on the Armata platform, said Denis Manturov, head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade on April 19, 2020.
According to him, such a check will allow taking into account all the specifics of work in combat conditions.
“In Syria, as you understand, it is precisely this kind of test, so we took into account all the nuances so that in the final look, which will be delivered to Syria, all these moments are reflected,” he said on the television channel Russia 1.
Manturov reminded that “Armata” has no analogues in the world, weapons are constantly being tested and modernized. Moscow has already received preliminary applications for the export of this tank, however, it will be possible to send it abroad only after the start of serial deliveries to the troops and the receipt of an export appearance passport.
“The Ministry of Defense has ordered additional technical solutions in order to reach serial delivery next year as part of the contract that was signed,” he added.
India is considering buying Russian Armata tanks
India is considering buying Russian tanks on the basis of the Armata platform, BulgarianMilitary.com reported on June 26 this year citing a source in the Russian military-industrial complex.
“The product is being prepared for export. India showed interest in him,” said the interlocutor of Zvezda newspaper. According to him, experts decide what of the equipment of the latest tank can be exported and what not.
The fact that India is considering the purchase of Armata tanks is also mentioned in the military-analytical publications of the country. Note that such publications in the Indian media do not appear for the first time.
So, in 2018, Indian Defense News reported that India plans to purchase 1,770 modern tanks to replace the obsolete T-72 and T-14. Armata is a candidate for this deal.
The interest of foreign customers in armored vehicles on the Armata platform was reported by CEO of Uralvagonzavod Alexander Potapov in February 2018.
According to him, most likely, talk about export deliveries will be conducted only after the tank is acquired by the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.
It was previously reported that serial deliveries of promising T-14 tanks on the Armata platform to Russian troops will begin in 2021.
T-14 Armata vs. M1A Abrams
The American tank, created back in the 1980 year, is not equipped with an automatic loader, respectively, 6 shells of the first stage are in the cockpit near the loader.
The rest of the ammunition was located in the rear of the tower, behind a special armored curtain. It seems to be nice if it does not reach the detonation of the first six, and practice has shown that the protective curtain is also kept open to optimize the charging process from the rear compartment.
The T-14 implements a completely different principle of protecting the crew from detonation. The “Armata” cannon is reloaded automatically, the entire ammunition load of the vehicle is moved outside the inhabited compartments and is located in the automatic loader, while the tankers are in a separate armored capsule isolated from the rest of the tank’s space.
Abrams is perfectly protected in front and on the sides: in the front part there is “uranium” armor (by the way, claims for environmental friendliness to it), TUSK complexes and dynamic ARAT protection on the sides.
However, the thickness of the armor in the upper part of the body does not exceed 80 mm, which is clearly not enough. Another weak point of the American tank is the space between the hull and the tower.
“Armata” is reliably protected from all sides, including the top of the case. Her armor of the special brand 44С-SV-Ш is 15% thinner, but at the same time as strong. In addition, the T-14 has anti-cumulative grilles at the rear, and the shape of the bottom has an anti-mine design.
It turns out that the security of the crew and the T-14 tank itself is less vulnerable than M1A.
M1A Abrams is equipped with an 120 mm M256 gun firing new powerful ammunition (hereinafter BPS) M8293 and M829E4. However, the drawback of the “American” firepower is the charging process itself – the absence of that automatic reloading and a rapidly tired person, especially when the tank moves on uneven rough terrain and intense shooting.
The Russian armored car does not have such problems, since the T-14, as already noted, is initially equipped with an automatic charging device. And the gun at “Armata” is also more powerful – 125 mm 2A82, and there is the possibility to install an even more powerful gun – 152 mm 2A83, but this, apparently, is a distant prospect.
Moreover, in both variations there is no restriction on the length of the projectile: for example, “Vacuum-1” is 900 mm, but longer, therefore, more powerful BPSs can also be used.
In the version with the 152 mm gun, the Armata would be much superior to the Abrams in terms of firepower and striking ability.
After each upgrade, Abrams is heavy and ultimately its weight has reached 63 tons excluding the TUSK complex. The gas turbine engine in 1500 horsepower gives the thrust-weight ratio of 24 hp / t at the output, making the tank quite mobile with a maximum speed of 67 km / h in a straight line.
True, overweight affects maneuverability, and the pressure on the soil exceeds one (more precisely 1,07 kg / cm2), which affects the permeability. At the same time, the range without refueling is about 450 km.
The mass of the T-14 in the modern version is about 55 tons with a specific pressure on the movement surface of about 0,73 kg / cm2. Diesel powerplant of a Russian car in 1200 hp power, which is more than enough to give out 25 hp / t. thrust-to-weight ratio and develop 80 km / h at maximum. The range is also slightly higher than the American – 500 km.
And according to these tactical and technical parameters of the T-14 “Armata” bypasses Abrams.
According to the general results, the Russian tank wins with an 3:0 score. Which is generally logical and expected when comparing the US model of the previous generation and the latest Russian. It remains to wait for the mass deliveries of T-14 to the troops, if real mass is still ensured.
T-14 Armata is a unique tank of the third post-war generation. It was designed to conduct combat in a direct collision with the enemy, to support the offensive of motorized rifle units, fortifications, manpower of the opponent, located in shelters and in open areas.
At the beginning of the year, a new “gun-ammunition” was developed for “Armata”, which provides the T-14 with firepower that significantly exceeds the performance of modern Russian and foreign tanks.
Earlier, the Ministry of Defense signed a contract for the purchase of 132 T-14 and T-15 combat vehicles on the Armata platform. The agreements are planned to be implemented by the end of next year. Now the state tests of the tank pass the final stage.
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