Russia puts intelligence, missile attack warning systems in space

MOSCOW, (BM) – Russia in 2022 will begin the implementation of the third stage in the creation of the Unified Space System (CEN). By 2024, the group should be fully deployed, Colonel General Sergei Surovikin, Commander of the Russian Aerospace Forces, told the Krasnaya Zvezda newspaper, learned

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“In 2022, it is envisaged to begin the deployment of the promising Unified satellite communications system of the third stage of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, and from 2023 – the deployment of a high-orbit space reconnaissance system. Within the framework of creating the Unified Space System (CEN), the deployment of the orbital constellation of spacecraft is envisaged by 2024” – said Surovikin.

He emphasized that the completion of the creation of the TSA will allow for the fulfillment of the tasks of global control of the surface of the globe, as well as “increasing the survivability of the combat control system in the conditions of interference counteraction.”

Surovikin also said that Russia is creating a unified Topaz system that allows you to control satellites in all orbits. “In the interests of the aerospace forces, a unified command and measurement system” Topaz “is being created, which will allow controlling spacecraft in all types of orbits,” Surovikin said.

Earlier, a source in the military-industrial complex told TASS that Russia had created a basic space segment of a missile attack warning system (SPRN) from four Tundra-type satellites, which allows continuous monitoring of US territory for ballistic missile launches. According to him, the devices fulfill their task in full.

He clarified that the Tundra satellites “are equipped with a new generation of infrared observation devices that can accurately record missile launches against the background of the earth’s surface.” Also, the devices “are able to track the flight paths of ballistic missiles and automatically predict the zone of impact of their warheads,” the source said.

According to the agency’s interlocutor, four Tundra from the CEN Dome rotate around the Earth in highly elliptical orbits with a maximum altitude of more than 35 thousand km. Their flight paths are located at angles to each other, forming the so-called constellation over the Northern Hemisphere.

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About the missile attack warning system

The first three Tundra satellites were launched in 2015, 2017 and 2019.

As TASS was told earlier by another source in the military-industrial complex, a total of nine new devices should be involved within the framework of the CEN Dome. The Kupol is intended to replace the Oko and Oko-1 SPRN space systems that have stopped working.

The Russian SPRN consists of two echelons: space, which currently includes four Tundra satellites, and ground, consisting of a network of Voronezh-type stations, covering all missile-hazardous directions with its radar field. The main purpose of the system is to detect and track ballistic missiles launched on the territory of the Russian Federation or its allies as soon as possible.

Complex “Sight”

The optical complex of the space control system “Sight” put on combat duty.

“High-readiness radars of the missile attack warning system in the cities of Orsk, Barnaul, Yeniseysk, the optical complex of the space control system” Sight “, the special-purpose laser complex” Peresvet “, the first over-the-horizon detection station, were put into operation and put on combat alert Container-ZM,” said Surovikin.

According to him, more than 550 units of modern weapons for air defense, more than 300 new and promising weapons, military and special equipment for the space forces have been delivered. “As a result, the share of modern weapons of the Aerospace Forces has already exceeded 70 percent,” he said.

In November 2016, Colonel Andrei Ivashina, Deputy Commander of the Space Forces (HF) of the Russian Aerospace Forces for Testing, said that the state tests of the Optic-electronic complex “Sight” in the Altai Territory were successfully conducted.

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The space monitoring system is an integral part of the aerospace defense of Russia, an information system based on specialized and interacting means, designed for continuous and global assessment of the space situation in peacetime and wartime.

Overseas Detection Stations

Work on the creation of three more overseas detection stations “Container-ZM” is currently underway in the Siberian, Eastern and Kaliningrad directions.

“At present, work has been organized on the formation of three more of the same radar stations – Siberian, Eastern and Kaliningrad, which will allow controlling airspace from all strategic aerospace directions,” he said.

In December 2019, the first overseas detection station “Container-ZM” took up combat duty in Mordovia. “This station is conducting reconnaissance of airspace over the states of Europe and the Middle East,” Surovikin said.

“Containers” work by receiving a signal reflected from an ionized layer of the atmosphere, which is located at altitudes of 60 km. This allows you to radar at a range of up to 3 thousand km and detect targets that are located in relation to the radar beyond the bend of the earth’s surface, that is, out of direct radio visibility.

As the Defense Ministry informed earlier, it is planned that a continuous radar field will be created in Russia due to the over-horizon Container stations for detecting maneuverable air targets, similar to the network of missile attack warning stations that track ballistic missile launches. In the future, it is planned to set up “Containers” including in the Arctic.

Space radar

A specialized radar station (RLS) has been deployed in the Moscow Region as part of the development of the space monitoring system (SKKP), now it is being tested.

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“At present, installation and adjustment work has been completed and tests are being conducted on a specialized radar station deployed in the Moscow region,” Surovikin noted.

The Commander-in-Chief of the Aerospace Forces added that tests of a multifunctional radio measuring complex in the Smolensk region are also being conducted. “In the near future, it is planned to complete the deployment and commissioning of optical stations in the territory of the Republic of Crimea,” Surovikin emphasized.

In addition, in 2020 it is planned to complete the modernization of the command post of the space monitoring system, which provides processing and analysis of all incoming information about the state of affairs in near-Earth space.

“In general, the ongoing work to improve the control system of outer space will increase the ability to conduct reconnaissance of the space situation and predict its development,” said the commander in chief, noting that the SKKP will provide control over the deployment and determination of the purpose of small-sized spacecraft of foreign countries.

Moscow missile defense system

In the near future, the missile defense system (ABM) of Moscow and the Central Industrial Region will receive new radars and anti-missiles.

“Tests of the system’s facilities (A-135) are currently underway. In the near future, the aerospace forces will receive an updated multifunctional radar station and upgraded missile defense systems,” he said.

Currently, work is underway to modernize the missile defense system. Several test launches of the new modernized missile defense have already been carried out.

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“Undoubtedly, one of the most important tasks facing defense industry enterprises is the modernization of the already existing A-135 missile defense system of the city of Moscow,” said Surovikin.

According to him, the capabilities of the system’s weapons for defense of the capital of Russia and the Moscow industrial region will be doubled, which was repeatedly confirmed by preliminary missile tests.

Radar in Sevastopol

A meter-long radar of a missile attack warning system (SPRN) will be launched in Sevastopol in 2024.

“Given the relevance of deploying radars in the southwestern missile direction, it was decided to create a VZG (high factory readiness) meter range radar in Sevastopol with a completion date of 2024,” Surovikin said.

He recalled that Russia has created a continuous radar field of the missile attack warning system, which allows tracking ballistic missile launches. At the same time, construction of new radar stations continues.

According to him, today the ground-level echelon of SPRN consisting of 10 radar stations forms a continuous peripheral radar field and provides guaranteed detection of attacking ballistic missiles in all strategic aerospace directions (ICOS) on all types of flight paths.

In order to develop the ground level of the SPRN, a continuous dual-band peripheral radar field is being created through the deployment of high-readiness radars (VZG) in the Russian Federation.

Work is underway to create a dual-band radar complex (DRLK) VZG in the Vorkuta region and high-potential radar VZG decimeter range (hereinafter – radar VZG-VP) in the Murmansk region with completion dates of 2021 and 2022, respectively. The introduction of these stations into the SPRN will ensure the completion of the re-equipment of the SPRN on a new generation of radars.

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In the future, until 2030, the development of the SPRN provides for the modernization of a number of VZG radars carrying combat duty in the Krasnodar Territory, the Irkutsk Region, and the creation of new facilities in the Leningrad Region and the Far Eastern Federal District that have enhanced characteristics and noise immunity.

Radar complex “Niobium”

The new Niobium radar system, capable of detecting hypersonic targets at long range, is being developed for radio engineering troops.

“A new Niobium radar complex is being created for the radio engineering troops using a modern component base. The technical characteristics of the radar complex will exceed the capabilities of the Sky-M radar complex armed with the detection range of various types of aircraft, including hypersonic ones,” said Surovikin.

According to him, the interception of over-the-horizon radar station in Mordovia on combat duty ensured airspace control over the entire territory of Europe and the Middle East, which significantly increased the time for deciding on the response. “In addition, the deployment of units of the radioengineering forces on the islands and archipelagos of the Arctic Ocean has significantly increased the radar field in the Arctic latitudes,” added the commander in chief.

Complex “Blagovest”

Tests of the Blagovest military space complex are scheduled to be completed in September 2020.

“In September of this year, we plan to complete tests of the space communications complex with Blagovest spacecraft in geostationary orbit,” Surovikin said.

Earlier, a source in the rocket and space industry told TASS that the tests of the Blagovest complex would be completed in mid-July 2020, when the fourth satellite of this series will be launched.

According to the interlocutor of the agency, the launch will be carried out from the Baikonur Cosmodrome with the help of the Proton-M launch vehicle. Initially, the launch of the fourth Blagovest satellite was planned for the first quarter of 2019, then it was postponed to the first week of April.

Satellites are designed for data transmission, to provide high-speed Internet access, telephone and video conferencing using Ka- and Ku-frequency bands.

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The first Blagovest was launched from Baikonur on August 17, 2017. Space forces gave the satellite the name “Cosmos-2520”. The second device of this series was launched from Baikonur on April 19, 2018, it was called “Cosmos-2526”. The third Blagovest satellite was launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome on December 21, 2018, it was given the name Cosmos-2533.

Earlier it was reported that the Russian Defense Ministry plans to deploy a group of four Blagovests by 2020.


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