Only with Moscow’s consent: what prevents Turkey from transferring S-400 to the USA?
MOSCOW, (BM) – The Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation of the Russian Federation reported that the transfer of S-400 anti-aircraft missile systems by Ankara to Washington is impossible without the consent of the Russian authorities, learned BulgarianMilitary.com.
The proposal of the American Republican Senator John Thune to transfer Ankara to Washington of the Russian S-400 anti-aircraft air defense systems is unacceptable, said Maria Vorobyova, spokeswoman for the Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation of the Russian Federation.
According to her, such a deal is possible only with the consent of Moscow and nothing else, Interfax reports.
“For the export of military products, the buyer of our equipment must provide the Russian side with an end-user certificate. Therefore, its transfer or re-export to third countries without the official permission of the Russian side is impossible,” said the representative of the Russian service.
Washington can buy Russian-made S-400 from Turkey as part of legislative initiatives proposed in the Senate last week, Defense News reported.
The material clarified that such a move would allow the United States and Turkey to get out of the difficult situation regarding the participation of Ankara in the program for the production of fifth-generation fighter aircraft of the fifth generation F-35 Lightning II.
The corresponding amendment to the draft law on budgetary allocations for national defense for the fiscal year 2021 [2021 National Defense Authorization Act, 2021 NDAA) was proposed by the party organizer of the Republican faction in the Senate John Thune [representative of South Dakota].
The innovation implies that Washington will buy out the S-400 complexes that Ankara has at the expense of the US Army budget for the acquisition of missile weapons.
Senate Republican Committee Chairman Jim Risch (Idaho representative) at the same time proposed a tougher amendment: according to it, the US Presidential Administration Donald Trump should impose sanctions against Turkey in accordance with the CAATSA law [On Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions] 30 days after the entry into force of 2021 NDAA.
The United States wants to buy S-400 from Turkey to study them, said First Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on Foreign Affairs Vladimir Dzhabarov.
The American side does not have such weapons at the moment, so they want to “disassemble” the Russian system and create their own, Dzhabarov is sure. At the same time, he added that Turkey is unlikely to take such a step, since in this case it will “forever lose the status of a reliable partner.”
In addition, the agreement between Russia and Turkey, most likely, does not provide for the resale of the S-400 to a third party, the radio station “Moscow Says” quotes the senator.
A week ago, it became known that due to tensions with China, the Indian authorities want to “put pressure” on Russia to accelerate the supply of Russian S-400 anti-aircraft missile systems, Bloomberg wrote about this with reference to its own sources.
According to the agency, the head of the Indian Ministry of Defense, Rajnath Singh, who came to Russia for the Victory Parade, intends to deal with this issue. Bloomberg notes that during the visit he was to meet with his Russian counterpart Sergei Shoigu and discuss the incidents in Ladakh and the possibility of strengthening the defense capabilities of India.
Similar information was also reported by the Indian newspaper The Economic Times, the sources of which assured that Singh wants to discuss with Shoigu the distribution of air defense systems supplies to India and other countries that had previously been merged. According to the newspaper, this will help speed up the process of delivering Russian military installations to India.
The United States previously stated that the S-400 air defense systems delivered by Moscow to Turkey in July last year were incompatible with the NATO air forces’ air defense system and would jeopardize the safety of fifth-generation F-35 fighters made using stealth technology. Turkey planned to purchase these aircraft before acquiring the S-400.
The supply of Russian anti-aircraft missile systems to Turkey means that Ankara may face US sanctions under the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA). The measures provided for by this law are intended to punish countries that purchase weapons and military equipment from Russia.
Russian-Turkish S-400 deal background
Russia and Turkey signed a multi-billion dollar contract for the supply of S-400 Triumph air defense systems in 2017. The deal provoked strong discontent from the United States. Washington threatened Ankara with sanctions, and then expelled her from the F-35 fighter program.
On April 30, an official representative of the Turkish leader, Ibrahim Kalyn, announced the suspension of the transaction for the supply of S-400 systems due to the coronavirus.
What S-400 missile system is?
S-400 Triumph is a Russian long-range and medium-range anti-aircraft missile system, anti-aircraft missile system (SAM). S-400 is designed to destroy all modern and promising means of aerospace attack [including hypersonic].
According to Western analysts, the S-400, along with systems such as the Iskander OTRK and coastal anti-ship systems of the Bastion class, plays a key role in the new concept of the Russian Armed Forces, known in the West as the “Access Denied Zone” [Anti-Access / Area Denial, A2 / AD], which consists in the fact that NATO troops cannot be and move within the range of A2 / AD restricted area systems without the risk of causing unacceptable damage to them.
Triumph is the name of the export version. The market price of one division of the S-400 anti-aircraft missile system is about $ 500 million.
Technical characteristics of S-400 missile system
The performance characteristics of the S-400 Triumph are: detects a target at a distance of 600 km; strikes a target at a distance of 400 km; the maximum speed of the hit targets – 4.8 km / s; at the same time can fire 36 targets with pointing up to 72 missiles on them; deployment time of the system from the stowed state – 5-10 minutes; the time to bring the system’s assets into combat readiness from the deployed state is 3 minutes.
How does the Triumph air defense system work?
The S-400 Triumph is not just an installation for launching missiles, but a whole complex of coordinated and complex systems, the components of which are located on high-cross-country vehicles.
The entire process from detecting to destroying a target occurs automatically:
- The radar system (radar) detects hundreds of targets within a radius of 600 km and determines their nationality.
- Data is sent to the command post (55K6E). He, in turn, distributes targets between several launchers (5P85TE2).
- Each command post can simultaneously control eight air defense systems, each of which carries up to 12 launchers. They, in turn, accommodate four missiles with different masses, launch ranges and capabilities.
- Depending on the type of target, an air defense system selects a missile. The S-400 Triumph is armed with missiles with different weights, launch ranges and capabilities: 48N6E, 48N6E2, 48N6E3, 9M96E and 9M96E2.
- Ultra-long-range missiles (up to 400 km) are capable of destroying targets even beyond the reach of targeting locators, for which they have unique homing heads. After climbing at the command of such a rocket itself goes into search mode.
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