Russia’s Pacific Fleet is getting stronger. Why is it important?

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WASHINGTON, (BM) – In recent years, the Russian Navy, by and large, has become a small regional, but still very dangerous, deadly military force. However, over the past few months, Russia has slowly but systematically directed serious efforts to strengthen and, more importantly, modernize its fleets. Over the past few months, Russia has made great strides in modernizing its Pacific Fleet, which by the end of 2020 will receive 15 new warships and support vessels, which by the end of 2020 will operate in the Far East.

For Russia, which still faces many of the same issues and problems associated with the navy that plagued the Soviet Union, rebuilding the Pacific Fleet was a priority. Although Russia inherited a huge modern fleet of surface ships and submarines, the Russian Federation was not able to contain such a fleet. Including the Pacific Fleet, which in the early 1990s was at the peak of its power. It consisted of several hundred warships, small vessels and submarines. He had access to the Pacific and Indian oceans.

After the collapse of the USSR and the economic crisis of the 1990s, the Pacific Fleet turned into a cemetery of warships and in 20 years it received only one new ship – a missile boat.

Although the Pacific Fleet is unlikely to become the most powerful ocean force in the near future, work is underway to restore it to a level consistent with its former glory. One of the differences between the former and the current Pacific Fleet is that its surface component will be replenished with an increasing number of frigates, corvettes and small missile ships.

Among the 15 new vessels that will be part of the Pacific Fleet are Project 20385 “Thundering” multipurpose corvette, Project 636.3 Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky diesel-electric submarine, Project 12700 minesweeper Yakov Balyaev, Project 03160 Raptor anti-sabotage boat, sea ​​tugboat “Andrey Stepanov” and two emergency rescue boats of project 23040.

Last November, a series of different tests in the Sea of ​​Japan passed the Russian corvette Loud. This is the seventh ship to be built as part of the new Russian series of ships of the Steregushchiy class, designed specifically for the Pacific Fleet of Russia. The Russian Navy command announced plans to lay a total of 13 corvettes of this class until 2021.

In addition to surface ships, in order to support the Pacific Fleet, powerful vessels will also replenish its underwater component. According to state media, last month the Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy, Admiral Nikolai Evmenov, announced that in the near future the Pacific Fleet will receive six diesel-electric submarines of project 636.3.

“In the near term, the Pacific Fleet’s submarine forces will be replenished with a series of six units of Project 636.3 diesel-electric submarines being built at the Admiralty Shipyards in St. Petersburg,” the congratulatory telegram of the Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy on the occasion of the 289th anniversary of the Russian Pacific Fleet reads. reports TASS.

Submarines have been modernized and equipped with new life support systems for operations in the Far East. The TASS news agency also announced that it plans to further equip the submarine forces of the Pacific Fleet with 4th-generation nuclear submarines, as well as the development of coastal infrastructure for submarine-based submarines.

“Modernization work will continue on large Project 1155 anti-submarine ships and multipurpose submarines of existing projects,” added Evmenov. “The resource of these ships and submarines has a large modernization reserve, and it will be used.”

In the course of Russia’s military reforms, great successes have already been achieved in the Russian Black Sea and Baltic Fleets, as well as in the Caspian Flotilla. In addition, several submarines and warships were sent to the Northern Fleet.

In a telegram sent to the sailors on the occasion of the Baltic Fleet Day, Evmenov said that the military forces “made an invaluable contribution to the development of Russian naval weapons and naval art.” He announced that the surface component of the Baltic Fleet will be replenished with a series of six Project 22800 small missile ships (Karakurt class), and four of them will carry on board the marine version of the Pantsir-M anti-aircraft missile and artillery complex.

The frigates of project 22350 and the corvettes of the new project 20386, built at the Severnaya Verf shipyard in St. Petersburg, will become the basis of the Navy’s ocean fleet. It is not yet clear which of these ships will be part of the Pacific Fleet, but it is clear that Russia intends to turn it into a highly effective and full-scale naval force capable of operating in ocean and coastal waters by the end of this decade.


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