Russia: The situation in Libya is like ‘systemic crisis’ and continues to degrade
MOSCOW, (BM) – The truce declared in January 2020 in Libya is finally thwarted, the protracted crisis threatens the North African country with catastrophic consequences, learned BulgarianMilitary.com citing the official representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Maria Zakharova.
“We state that the situation in Libya continues to degrade. The ceasefire announced in January of this year is finally frustrated. Fighting resumed in full. Moreover, the situation on earth today is significantly different from that at the time the armed conflict ended. Thanks to massive external support (the intra-Libyan parties to the conflict. – ed.), the balance of power has changed,” said Zakharova.
A representative of the Russian foreign ministry described the current situation in Libya as a “systemic crisis”, indicating that its further delay threatens the Arab country and its long-suffering people with catastrophic consequences.
As BulgarianMilitary.com reported, Libya is on the verge of a new surge in armed confrontation between the two main internal forces – the Government of National Accord (GNA) led by Faiz Saraj and the Libyan National Army (LNA) under the command of Marshal Khalifa Haftar. External forces are behind the GNA and LNA, therefore, in this region of North Africa, in fact, a new proxy war has unfolded in the territory of the Greater Middle East.
In Libya, an absentee confrontation is growing between Turkey, which supports the formation of the GNA and sent thousands of Syrian militant Islamists, as well as strike systems, to the Libyan front and the Arab monarchies of the Persian Gulf, among which the United Arab Emirates (UAE) are especially notable. Abu Dhabi supplies the Libyan National Army, Marshal Khalifa Haftar, among other things, combat drones.
Turkey has sent thousands of Syrian militants to Libya from the al-Mutasim Division, the Sultan Murad Brigades, Sukur al-Shamal and other groups operating in northwestern Syria. The cease-fire regime established in Syrian Idlib (according to the agreements of Russia and Turkey of March 5), Ankara is trying to use to transfer additional forces from Syria to Libya. In addition to the “Syrian armed opposition” mercenaries and large arms parties, Turkey previously deployed a certain number of “military advisers” to Tripoli. According to Arab media, these are officers of the army special forces, as well as a group of employees of the National Intelligence Organization (MİT) of Turkey.
Marshal Haftar enjoys the support of Russia, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, the UAE. On the side of the GNA, Sarajah is Turkey and Qatar.
Khalifa Haftar and Faiz Saraj earlier this year agreed to a truce, which formally entered into force at midnight on January 12, but was not actually respected. Following the results of the negotiations in Istanbul on January 8, the Presidents of Russia and Turkey Vladimir Putin and Recep Tayyip Erdogan adopted a joint statement, which, in particular, called on the warring parties in Libya to declare a truce.
The Berlin conference, held on January 19, was intended to be a logical continuation of the inter-Libyan negotiations that took place on January 13 in Moscow. February 3, military representatives of the warring parties in the Libyan conflict began negotiations under the auspices of the UN in Geneva, aimed at ensuring a ceasefire after 10 months of hostilities on the outskirts of Tripoli. This was the result of an agreement reached by the PNS and the LNA following the results of the Berlin conference to create a ceasefire monitoring committee according to the “5 + 5” formula: five representatives from each side. However, these efforts to put Haftar and Saraj at the negotiating table ended in nothing.
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